Study on the Basic Knowledge of Kangxi Blue and White Porcelain


blue-and-white landscape vase

Everything in the early Qing Dynasty followed the old Ming system.Jingdezhen Imperial Artifact Factory has been burning for a long time, Shunzhi when the use of “life to work, no life to stop” of the form.In 1654, Shunzhi set up a factory in Jingdezhen and was ordered to burn porcelain for the court.

In the early years of Kangxi, the rebellion of Sanfan, the Imperial Factory stopped burning for a time, and the Imperial Artifact Factory was officially restored in 1680.As far as the development of Jingdezhen porcelain industry in Qing Dynasty is concerned, Yuchang has always been a pilot in technology.

In the Qing Dynasty, the porcelain production abolished the system of craftsman’s domicile first, and the products carried out the government-sponsored burning and formed a fixed system.The craftsmanship was the household register of the feudal state’s conversion to handicraft workers, whose descendants inherited their business and were engaged in production under the supervision of officials without any personal freedom.

This kind of system was used in the production of porcelain of official kilns before Qing Dynasty.Take the Ming Dynasty as an example, “Worker craftsmen, there are shift, sit-shift division, shift of the li labor department, live in the seat of the li in the house of the interior officials.”(See Book of the Ming Dynasty, p.188,3792)

Blue and white “red brush biography” picture mallet bottle

After the establishment of the Qing Dynasty, the unreasonable system was first reformed.Shunzhi two years announced: “Except for straight provincial workers, free from the price of Beijing workers.””Kangxi three years,” Banshang price silver, changed into a whip collection “and so on (See” History of the Qing “from three volumes, Wang Yu Xin Wen).

Due to the reform of craftsmen’s system, the craftsmen of handicraft industry lightened or got rid of the bondage of craftsmen’s books and the feudal personal dependence, greatly aroused their enthusiasm in production and promoted the development of ceramics production.

The establishment of Jingdezhen Imperial Kiln Factory in early Qing Dynasty was smaller than that in Ming Dynasty.This is not because the imperial vessel factory is in a shrinking state, but because it absorbed the experience of building factories in the ming dynasty and abolished some redundant institutions.

blue-and-white jug

For example, the prison house set up in the Imperial Artistry Factory of the Ming Dynasty was abolished by the Qing Dynasty.The relaxation of the personal control of the craftsmen in the Imperial Artistry Factory of the Qing Dynasty has enabled the craftsmen to produce in a relatively relaxed environment, which has stimulated the craftsmen’s enthusiasm in production to some extent.

Not only did the production scale of the Imperial Artifact Factory itself expand further, but also the division of production was finer, and the operation channel of imperial porcelain was further unobstructed due to the establishment of a production office in the palace, but also the special production procedures of high and fine porcelain in the palace, such as painting workers and small kilns, etc. The palace’s porcelain consumption entered an unprecedented stage of luxury.

In terms of the depth and width of ancient Chinese porcelain, it should be the highest in the early Qing Dynasty.In this period, the blue-and-white porcelain reached its peak in innovation and prosperity by virtue of its peak.

blue-and-white landscape figure picture vase

Kangxi blue-and-white porcelain to the tire, glaze fine, blue-and-white bright, various shapes, beautiful decorative and long-known.The shape is stiff, sharp, full and powerful, and the big ware is majestic.The shape multi-purpose simple straight arc, circular line and powerful straight line combination, the outside contour line each part combination changes even the whole proportion of the form is also very harmonious.

Therefore, the blue-and-white porcelain of Kangxi period can give people a deep and implicit, thought-provoking beauty.Kangxi blue-and-white porcelain glaze characteristics are bright green color, thick and light intertwined, layered.

Jingdezhen porcelain craftsmen accumulated long-term experience, skilled use of a variety of strong and weak different green materials, dye out other blue color level changes, even in a stroke can also be divided into different strong and weak charm, so that the depiction of objects with rich colors.This feature is particularly evident in the landscape and flower-and-bird patterns of Kangxi blue-and-white porcelain.