Two pieces of Yuan blue and white porcelain unearthed in Hangzhou are introduced
The Yuanqing flower occupies an important position in the history of Chinese porcelain making.Its appearance is well received by people both at home and abroad.From the late 1970s to the late 1980s, six Yuanqing flowers were unearthed in Hangzhou.The first time was 1978Three blue-and-white Guanyin images were unearthed in the Tomb of the Year of the Chronicle of Yuanzhi in Wensan Road, Hangzhou in 1997. The second time was in Hangzhou in 1987A blue-and-white brush frame was found in a porcelain cellar of the Yuan Dynasty at Chaohui Road.. ..the exhumation and introduction of the four Yuan flowers.From the ceramic world at home and abroad to pay close attention to! It also provides us with valuable information for the study of Yuanqing Flower.
I. The Yuanqing Flower Guanyin Image
Qinghua Guanyin image, with the word “mountain” shape, the upper and lower big guanyin sitting in the center, good money children and dragon girls respectivelyStand on the left and right.Guanyin wore a phoenix crown, a long dress, a shawl, feet, arms clasped.The children of good fortune are separated from the girls of the dragonCarrying fruit tray, slightly sideways toward the guanyin.”The boy on the left made a deer, and the girl on the right made a crane, and the head was lifted up.”A.The statue’s base is shaped like a sea wave and has two waves.Guanyin and the children, the eyes, eyebrows and headwear of the dragon girls,Colors, cuffs and trays of fruit, all with blue or brown color painting, Guanyin chest decorated with a blue-and-white Ruyi lines knot.Qinghua Guanyin image is made by hand-kneading molding and burning at high temperature.The figure is of varying quality, with a thin upper part.Moisture white, the lower body thick loose, is beige, applies the green white glaze.A combination of blue and brown colors, in the eyes and eyebrows of the characters.Clothes lines and headwear are embellished to make characters and facial expressions active.. ..the blue-and-white decoration of Ruyi’s knot and shawl.It depicts the national costumes with local characteristics of the Yuan Dynasty.
The name of the statue also has a different view of the academic community.As we all know, Guanyin is a Bodhisattva, standing or kneelingTo his left is the child of good fortune, and to his right is the dragon girl, that is to say, “Guanyin,” which appears as its general representative”St. Guanyin” is also called “Zhengguanyin”.The statue was crowned with the statue of Amitabha Buddha.To sit on one’s legs,Hold the lotus or seal in your hand.”The three blue-and-white images unearthed in Hangzhou, wearing phoenix crowns, wearing shoes and sitting positionThat’s right.Guanyin Bodhisattva’s sculptures are mostly barefoot, while the phoenix crown is the headdress of Chinese lady.So, the statue is more like a statuetteA lady’s image.Look around the good money children and dragon girls, “Zen Temple Shannon Pavilion on the left side of Guanyin Bodhisattva for good money children like”There are differences in costume and hairstyle between the two Bodhisattvas and the Buddhist children of good fortuneDragon woman, also has the obvious difference in the modelling and the movement “the good fortune child often makes the worship form”, the two figures on the statue,More like a boy-girl in a funeral ceremony.
The statue’s shape, decoration and figure’s action reflect the secularization intention of Qinghua Guanyin in Yuan Dynasty and lack of biographyThe sanctity of the system guanyin.Therefore, the author thinks, these three Yuan Qing Hua Guan Yin statue, perhaps is the tomb master incarnate.
2. Drain on the pen holder of Yuanqinghua Mountain
Yuan Qing Hua Shan Zi pen frame drip, height 9.3 cm, width 11.4 cm.The body is white and delicate, green and white glaze is applied, and the exposed tyre at the bottom is rice.Yellow.The front with blue and white color, blue and white hair elegant and bright.
Qinghuashanzi pen frame drip, left shaped into the shape of the crown, head up, slightly open mouth, back with a small hole, empty, can beWater injection.There are four peaks in succession after the first one, and the top of the four peaks are all shaped like a cloud, and the top of the second peak is shaped with a circlePie-shaped, symbolizing the sun.The hand-kneading marks of the pen stand are obvious, and the hand-kneading finger marks of the craftsman are left on the back.makeCasual and serious, full of the interest of porcelain plastic.The pen stand is a piece of stationery used by readers.In ancient China, scholars wanted to be officials and to get ahead.As a result, the pen frame of this mountain expressed the superiorityAnd the rising of traditional cultural psychology.
Four Yuan-Qing-Hua pieces unearthed in Hangzhou, from the point of view of the production process, are hand-shaped, glazed by high-temperature firing andYes, that’s right.In the tire glaze material also has the difference more, the blue and white Guanyin image in the fetal body aspect up and down different, the upper half of the fetal body thin,White, the lower half of the body thick loose, beige.Glaze color dark, blue-and-blue gray in color.blue-and-white brush standThe body of the water pot is not only unified, and the glaze is tightly bonded, the texture of the glass in the body can be felt from the surface.TsingThe colour of the hair is green and elegant.As a result, it is also certain that the age of the Yuanqing flower is earlier than that of the Shanzi pen frame.In style, the Yuan-Qing flowers unearthed in Hangzhou are small in shape, unlike those unearthed or handed down from other placesThe sample is well-organized and has practical value.And it fully reflects the human nature of “playing with mud” andA creative interest.For example, the finger print on the back of the pen holder of Yuan Qing Hua Mountain and the dislocation of the crane leg in front of the Yuan Qing Hua Guan Yin image.and the curving of the bird’s head in the guanyin headdress, etc., all left traces of the primitive nature of mankind, showing its seriousness.The skilled and casual, full of endless folk interest, vivid representation of the production level of folk Yuan-Qing porcelain.