blue-and-white porcelain of the heyday
Blue-and-white porcelain is one of the outstanding representatives in the history of ceramics in our country. It is the symbol of ancient cultural heritage. His role in the process of cultural exchange at home and abroad is indelible. It affects the extensive and profound ceramic culture all over the world.
Blue-and-white porcelain, which has been made since the Tang Dynasty, is a kind of porcelain quality which has been paid close attention to. For the first time, the three emperors left their names in history because of the blue-and-white porcelain. This is the Yongxuan period of the Ming Dynasty and the Qianlong period of the Qing Dynasty, in which Yongxuan blue and white porcelain represents the highest level of Chinese blue and white porcelain production, it embodies the aesthetic level of lofty and sacred, with a profound and boundless artistic background, and Qianlong emperor of Yongxuan blue and white deep respect, On many occasions, Jingdezhen Imperial Kiln Factory made the production of blue-and-white porcelain reached its peak during the Qianlong period, and it also strengthened the position of Qianlong blue-and-white porcelain.
So this period by the small editor (Fuxi Xiaoying) to understand the details of the Ming Dynasty Yongxuan blue and white porcelain and Qianlong blue and white porcelain
. ..the majestic atmosphere of the Yongxuan Blue Flower.
Blue-and-white porcelain began in the Tang Dynasty, mature in the Yuan Dynasty, to the Ming Dynasty Yongxuan period, blue-and-white porcelain can be said to be at the peak of the state, such as the sun and the sky, and the production of blue-and-white porcelain in the Yongxuan period can reach its peak and the Yongxuan Emperor Zhu Di is closely related, Zhu Di was an emperor who was more overbearing. He settled the world, expanded his territory and practiced Yongle Dian, which gave birth to the first encyclopedia of the world.Later, Zheng He made seven trips to the West, which promoted the establishment of trade circles in Southeast Asia and the West, and brought back the bright-colored Siu Hua cobalt material imported from Suma Leqing. Under this background, the blue-and-white porcelain produced by Emperor Yongle was just like the magnificent atmosphere.
Yongle, Xuande two dynasties is a relatively strong national strength of the early Ming Dynasty, the rulers of the art of this very attention, especially the hand-made porcelain industry this, Yongle blue and white utensils lines soft and smooth, pay attention to the repair of the tire, device-type neat, porcelain tire attention to refinement, fine and white, the body thickness moderate, Styling weight, thin than Hongwu, Yongle porcelain firing temperature is higher, glaze thick, Yingrun, rarely have orange peel pattern, and rarely open pieces, and jade texture, glaze color is mostly white green, also have white color, near sweet white glaze, glaze thin place is mostly white or yellow, utensils inside and outside the glaze uniform, Glazed white degree and the comparison of the Yuan blue and white relatively weakened, large market, bottles, cans and many other glaze-free fine sand bottom, often iron rust spots, flint red, glutinous rice powder-like, delicate and smooth caress, as if born baby skin.
Blue-and-white porcelain reached the height of social development in the Qing Dynasty in the first 60 years of the reign of Qianlong, and the production of blue-and-white porcelain continued to reach its peak. The book records commends the porcelain making industry during Qianlong period is” since the pottery, did not have today’s beautiful ready “the saying, at that time, Jingdezhen imperial kiln factory scale is huge, under the administration of the general potter official, burn each kind of porcelain to make each year in tens of thousands of pieces above, Both the craftsmanship and the decorative art have reached the stage of pure and pure, and blue-and-white porcelain is also at that time Jingdezhen burning one of the main products.
In the Qianlong dynasty, the number of burning green flowers in the kilns and the folk kilns exceeded any period in history. The domestic ceramic market flourished during the Qianlong period, according to the documents, In the early and mid-Qing Dynasty, the sales were in the form of “Li Tong ten provinces, Quartet merchants, almost all of them rich Jia side”. Jingdezhen’s export porcelain began to flourish in the middle period of Kangxi, to Qianlong, the most prosperous, Chinese porcelain sold all over the world, and the main high-quality porcelain was shipped overseas.
The blue-and-white porcelain among the Qianlong dynasties is mainly classified into two categories: one is the typical Qianlong ware, the other is the Qianlong Antiquities, the production of the typical Qianlong ware is very large, it was the subject of the life porcelain, furnishing porcelain and export porcelain of the society at that time, which inherited Kangxi, Yongzheng blue and white characteristics, and on this basis continue to develop innovation, improve, from the craft manufacturer to see, its body shape, green material drawing, etc., each process is meticulous, fine work, excellence.Qianlong antiquated porcelain is not as strict as the requirements of antiquated porcelain of the former dynasty, and its output is much larger than that of the former dynasty.
The shape of Qianlong blue-and-white porcelain not only inherits the patterns of Kangxi and Yongzheng, but also imitates the patterns of Yongle and Xuande in Ming Dynasty, as well as the patterns of antique bronze ware and foreign products, as well as innovative styles and various shapes. Ornamental porcelain, Wenfang appliances, and so on, the overall emphasis on symmetry, rules, as a result of the pursuit of fine, strange, clever, so the level of ancient and unsophisticated than Kangxi, Junxiu soft than Yongzheng Qinghua, but in the technical skills are more than the previous two dynasties of blue and white, in general, Qianlong blue-and-white shape has reached the unprepared situation, beautiful vase, elegant appreciation of the bottle, exquisite hollowed-out change of heart bottle, as well as a pair of large-scale display porcelain bottles, and so on are very gorgeous and spectacular, elegant, dignified and simple, luxurious and elegant.
With the spread of blue-and-white porcelain, at home and abroad blue-and-white porcelain, it is not difficult to find that in its artistic realm has reached the peak of eternal propaganda, Qianlong’s blue-and-white porcelain is very popular and popular among collectors.