Introduction of Blue-and-White Ceramic Tea Appliances
The blue-and-white porcelain tea set belongs to the color porcelain tea set, is one of the most important color variety in the color porcelain tea set.It began in the Tang Dynasty and flourished in the Yuan Dynasty, especially in the Ming and Qing Dynasties, and became the mainstream of colored tea sets.
Ancient blue-and-white porcelain tea set, in fact, refers to cobalt oxide as a color agent, directly painted on the porcelain tire patterns, and then coated with a transparent glaze, then in the kiln throughAbout 13001 high-temperature reduction fired from the instrument.However, the understanding of “green” in the color of “green flower” is also different in ancient and modern times.The ancients called black, blue, blue, green and other colors as” green “, so the meaning of” blue and white “is wider than today’s people.It is characterized by:The blue and white patterns reflect each other with a feeling of appreciation and delight.The color is elegant and elegant, it is beautiful and inhospitable.In addition, the color on the glaze, the last name to moisten bright, but also added to the charm of green tea set.
It was not until the middle and late Yuan Dynasty that the production of blue-and-white porcelain tea set began in batches, especially Jingdezhen, which became the main production place of blue-and-white porcelain tea set in China.The tea-ware varieties are tea-pot, tea-bottle, tea-ou and so on.Because of the high level of blue-and-white porcelain tea sets painting technology, especially the application of traditional Chinese painting techniques on porcelain, it can be said that this is a great achievement of the Yuan Dynasty painting.After the Yuan Dynasty, in addition to Jingdezhen production of blue and white tea sets, Yunnan Yuxi, Jianshui, Zhejiang Jiangshan and other places also have a small number of blue and white porcelain tea sets production, but whether it is glaze color, fetal quality, or decorative, painting skills, can not be compared with the same period Jingdezhen production of blue and white porcelain tea sets.
In Ming Dynasty, the blue-and-white porcelain tea set produced by Jingdezhen, such as teapot, tea cup, tea cup, tea cup, more and more varieties, more and more fine quality, regardless of the shape, shape, decorative etc. all crown the whole country, become other production green tea set kiln imitation object.It was said that the porcelain was produced in Jingdezhen at that time.The most expensive blue-and-white flower is known to all.Especially (Ming) Yongle, Xuande, Chenghua period of the blue and white tea set fresh and beautiful, achieved an unparalleled situation.Such as Xuande period production of blue and white teacups, shaped like Han Yu Dou, glaze bright white, blue and white jade, such as the United States.There is another kind”The light Luo small fan paddles the firefly” the teacup, the personage can be detected without a hair, the poetical elegance is free from vulgarity, the person calls” the silent poem enters the porcelain beginning “.
Jiaohuang sunflower teacups, made during the Ming Dynasty, have been named as the famous porcelain atlas of the past dynasties”Cup making do not know how to copy, glaze light yellow, such as first put sunflower color, outside yellow inside white, appropriate to drink tea, Yu Hongzhi (Mingxiao Zong year number> a kiln utensil is too many, to be no more than this cup of beauty.”During the period of Chenghua, the blue-and-white porcelain tea set can be called “generation style”. Its body is light and light. It can be seen in light red flesh through perspective. Ming, Liu Dong, Yu Qizheng, “the imperial landscape” known as” the years of Chengdu) a pair of cups, worth 100,000 yuan. The blue-and-white porcelain is very precious.
In the Qing Dynasty, especially in the period of Kangxi, Yongzheng and Qianlong, the blue-and-white porcelain tea set entered a historical peak in the history of ancient ceramics.The blue-and-white porcelain ware made during the reign of Kangxi is also known as history.The Most in Qing Dynasty.Qing and Chen Liu in “Tao Ya” said Yong (Zheng), Qian (Long) of the green, Gaiyuan Kang (Xi) kiln.”Kang (Xi) Qing, although less than the strong beauty of the Ming Dynasty, can also walk alone in this dynasty.” Kangxi years of green tea set, unlike the Ming Dynasty, the burning of official kiln-based,[Yan is the majority of kiln-burning, so a large number.The blue-and-white tea set of this period is fine and pure and pure. It is called “glutinous rice embryo”.The glaze surface is rich and transparent, the glaze layer is moderate;There are various patterns of decorative patterns, as well as the full text of poetry or paragraph writing;The green flower chooses” Zhejiang material “, the color is bright, presents the gem blue, because the blue material is thick and weak different, the three-dimensional feeling is strong.
Green tea set varieties are mainly covered bowl, teapot, tea cup, tea box and so on.As for the blue-and-white tea set produced in the late Qing Dynasty, generally speaking, the body is relatively loose, the manufacturing process is rough, the glaze is thin and uneven, the pattern is stiff and the shape is not innovative.Of course, there are also a small number of works, especially the products of the official kiln, can be regarded as the best.
During the Ming and Qing dynasties, due to the high development of porcelain-making technology, social and economic development, the expansion of export and the change of tea-drinking methods, the blue-and-white tea sets were developed rapidly. In addition to the production of green tea sets in Jingdezhen, Jian and Leping in Jiangxi Province were more influential. Chaozhou, Jieyang, Boro, Yuxi, Yunnan, Sichuan, Dehua, Anxi and other places in Fujian.In addition, there are many areas throughout the country”Tu Qing Hua” tea set, in a certain area, for the use of folk tea.