A brief description of the color of the Yuan-Qing-hua porcelain.

 

Below a piece of turquoise high-foot cup specimen, inside and outside the painted blue pattern, the outside glaze white, blue and blue color, and inside the glaze yellow, its blue and white hair color due to the uneven temperature impact and cobalt material is blue-brown, and brown color is very similar.

Different hair color of the same piece of porcelain-1 (collected at the site of Jingdezhen kiln)

Different hair color of the same piece of porcelain-2 (collected at the site of Jingdezhen kiln)

The hair color of this kind of celadon porcelain specimen is mainly affected by the thin glaze layer, and also has the relationship with the temperature is not in place.

Samples of Yuanqing Flower (Collection of Kiln Site Site in Jingdezhen)

The difference of temperature and reducing atmosphere leads to the effect of blue-and-white hair color.This data specimen will give a good account of the problem.Can you say this specimen is brown?Anyone who has done a little research on the ivy tree knows that this is clearly not the case.

Samples of Yuanqing Flower (Collection of Kiln Site Site in Jingdezhen)

On the Yuan Dynasty brown color and Yuan Dynasty blue and white, we must first talk about the 1975 Hubei excavated Yanyou six-year-old tomb tower-shaped jar, according to the calculation, should be buried in 1319.It is also the excessive product of early blue-and-white porcelain which the academic circles have previously designated as Yuanqing-Hua Yanyou-type.But now many institutions or scholars are identified as brown (mainly iron), not blue and white material (not cobalt), and it removed from the proof of the material category of Yuanqing porcelain, which has caused great controversy in the society.

So, is it brown or cobalt blue-and-white porcelain from the six-year tomb of Yanyou unearthed in Hubei Province in 1975?If the element that does not contain cobalt in the color material that detects its lid is qualitative is not blue and white, I think too hasty, violate the law of the evolution of the composition of Yuan blue and white porcelain decoration, painting.According to the above sample hair color characteristics, is it also because of the glaze thickness, temperature instability, resulting in burning process can also affect cobalt element volatilization or loss?From the tower pot observation, its tire rough, hanging glaze is thin, burning temperature is not uniform and turned yellow (the glaze below Si Ling is yellow, the fetus is not white), has affected its hair color effect.From its composition, painting techniques, all belong to the early category of blue-and-white porcelain.

Even if it is brown color, but should not be excluded from the study of Yuanqing.At least it is the earliest evidence for the decoration of Yuan-Qing-hua porcelain.First of all, we should consider its artistic and cultural value under the premise of authentic products.

Part of Yan You’s six-year-old tomb-tower-shaped jar unearthed in Hubei Province in 1975

Yanyu 6-year-old tomb tower covered pot unearthed in Hubei province in 1975

Part of Yan You’s six-year-old tomb-tower-shaped jar unearthed in Hubei Province in 1975

Different sizes of products choose suitable size of sagger loading burning, so “big” and “small” sagger also have a variety of size specifications.Now we know that large pieces of blue and white flowers and more delicate objects are individually packed, secondary, ordinary daily small pieces are set (insert) packed, individually packed and installed by different temperatures, the quality and hair color will naturally be different.This also gives us a solution to the long-standing problem of the academic circles: Jingdezhen found in the Yuan Dynasty porcelain kiln site, why the fine, poor very bad?Why the Yuan Dynasty porcelain (blue and white), early Ming Dynasty porcelain will be official burning phenomenon is so common?This is because the government first to occupy the best kiln, the best kiln, the next is the kiln’s own products.So there are Jingdezhen many kiln sites in the discovery of exquisite (export, reward-type) Yuan Qinghua jar, the fundamental cause of the market.

high museum Tibetan Yuan blue-and-white porcelain

So the Yuan Dynasty brown color?The answer must be yes.In the tombs unearthed in the surrounding areas of Jingdezhen, many brown-colored porcelain have been found since liberation. They are mainly brown-spotted figurines and figurines, brown-spotted color crockery, brown-spotted color covered pot, brown-spotted color pillow and small-sized pot. A dish, bowl, cup.Brown painted porcelain is found only in small quantities, but is extremely simple decorative.And as a funeral tower tank cover tower, and the Yuan Dynasty shape system has a great difference.

During the Yuan Dynasty, the northern and southern regions not only inherited the burial custom of the Tang and Song tombs, some of them moved to the southeast of the aristocracy, and even made the tomb look like a “tower-covered bottle” with stone.For example: In 1992, it was excavated from the Yuan Dynasty to the early Ming Dynasty in the north of the village of Beitou in Muping District, Yantai, Shandong Province.Cemetery in the high-standard on the ground also has a tomb tower.This kind of tomb is commonly known as” Qiu Zi Tomb “and” Mo Zi Tomb “, which was popular in Jiaodong Peninsula in Yuan Dynasty and early Ming Dynasty.It can be seen that the pagoda-shaped objects of Yuan Dynasty occupied an important position in the burial custom.

It is shown from the above that the pagoda-covered pot unearthed in Yanyu tomb in Hubei province in 1319 is not close to the design of brown-colored decoration in Song Dynasty if it is composed by brown-painted composition, painting technique, cloud-head pattern, peony twig pattern and lotus-peony pattern.It is very similar to the decoration of most of the later Yuan-hua porcelain.No such kind of brown-colored porcelain has ever been unearthed since then.Was it born out of nowhere?Obviously not, at least at the beginning of the Yuan Dynasty, the composition of the experimental stage has been relatively mature.Otherwise, the basic characteristics of pattern formation cannot be explained.

Samples of Yuan brown color powder box (collected from the site of Jingdezhen kiln)

Ornaments made of brown painting in the Yuan Dynasty.Note: The main expression of the picture rather than the pen, the effect of the brush

Yuan brown color specimens (collected from the site of Jingdezhen kiln)