Yuan Qing Hua: The most beautiful but the dragon pattern
Blue-and-white porcelain, also known as white blue-and-white porcelain, is often referred to as blue-and-white, Chinese ceramic firing process treasures.Is one of the mainstream varieties of Chinese porcelain, under the glaze color porcelain.
The original blue-and-white porcelain appeared in the Tang and Song dynasties, and the mature blue-and-white porcelain appeared in the Hutian kiln in Jingdezhen in Yuan Dynasty.Qing-hua became the mainstream of porcelain in the Ming Dynasty and reached its peak during the reign of Emperor Kangxi of the Qing Dynasty.During the Ming and Qing dynasties, the varieties of blue and white, malachite green glaze blue, bean green glaze blue, red green, yellow ground blue and goose glaze blue and white were also created.
On the basis of Chinese Song porcelain, which is dominated by celadon and white porcelain single-colored glaze, Yuan Qing Hua has developed a new porcelain art product with blue glaze color as its main theme and multi-lines and multi-color composition, which has a brand-new aesthetic standard and type of porcelain.
The Yuan Qinghua changes the traditional porcelain implicit and introverted style, with the bright visual effect, gives the simple pleasure, the composition is plump, the level is many but not disorderly, the pen method with a stroke is common, fluency is powerful, the outline rendering is stout and calm.And with its heroic spirit and original spirit of art, the blue-and-white painting art to the peak, established the prosperity and long-term future of blue-and-white porcelain.
This large pot of Yuan blue and white dragon pattern is the Yuan Dynasty porcelain, the hair color is the standard indigo blue, round mouth abundant shoulder, short neck, thin bottom, circle foot.The body white glaze such as jade, under the glaze painted blue-and-white decoration, blue-and-white color, painting fine branches, the main and second clear.
The outer wall is divided into 5 layers by two-string blue-and-white lines from top to bottom.The mouth edge adorns the pattern belt, the shin part decorates the variant petal one week, the abdomen draws the cloud dragon grain.The dragon body is vigorous, the dragon claw is sharp, the dragon head glares angrily, the dragon eye circle opens, the strong curve body, the tumbling flying in the sky, the image is powerful and vivid, the magnificent, the dragon body around embellishes several clouds, enhances its elegant expression with the concise scrubbing method.
This beautiful shape, fine workmanship, white and firm, bright glaze, pure and flawless, white in the micro-brilliant green, color and elegant, to achieve the decoration of the main guests coordination, complex but not chaos, rich layers, the composition of careful, but not lose the act of beauty.
And well-preserved, is a rare Yuan Dynasty blue and white standard, collection value.
Yuan blue-and-white porcelain shape unique.From the production process, there appeared a thick body of large bodies, such as large cans, bottles, large plates, large bowls, and so on.But there are also fine works, such as the thin body of the high-foot bowl, high-foot cup, Yi, disk and so on.In short, the shape of the Yuan blue and white porcelain has both grand and magnificent big tools, but also beautiful and clever small tools, no matter what type of tools are beautiful shape, simple and dignified.
The design of the blue and white flowers is very beautiful.The theme of the yuanqing flower decoration has characters, animals, plants, poetry and so on.The characters are Gaoshi (four love pictures), historical figures, and so on;Animals have dragon and phoenix, Kirin, mandarin duck, fish and so on;Common plants are peony, lotus, orchid, pine bamboo plum, ganoderma lucidum, flowers and leaves, melon and fruit;Poetry is rare.
The peony petals painted more white edge;Dragon pattern for small head, thin neck, long body, three or four claw, back ridge, scale pattern for more grid-like, vigorous and fierce.Auxiliary decorative for more than rolling grass, lotus, ancient money, sea water, back lines, cloud, banana leaves, and so on.Lotus-shaped pattern like “braces”, lotus often painted Taoist miscellaneous treasures;Ruyi moire often painted eight strange or broken branches lotus, twining flowers, painted third-order clouds;The stem of banana leaf is solid;The sea water pattern is a combination of coarse lines and fine lines.
The most common is the dragon pattern, the bottle described in the blue dragon rising in the clouds.”Romance of the Three Kingdoms” said:” The dragon can be small, can rise, can be hidden; the big clouds, smoke, small hidden form; the rising flying in the universe, hidden within the waves. Fang spring deep, the dragon travel time-varying. “Dragon is the symbol of the emperor, meaning the power to reach the peak of creation, Together, “Long Teng” is also a symbol of auspicious.Although the decoration layout of this bottle is dense, but the main and second clear, has the Yuan Dynasty blue-and-white porcelain serious, full feeling.
As for the green material, the Yuanqing porcelain is generally divided into two tones, one is grayish blue, the other is light, the other is dark blue, and the other is more showy.In the traditional concept, the color of blue for the domestic materials, fetal bone gray, the body feel light;Blue Yan is imported material, white fetal bones, slightly gray, heavy feel, dense and hard.Imported green material for large, medium or small-sized Yuan Qing Hua, domestic cobalt materials only used for medium and small-sized devices.
In addition to foetus, glaze and blue-and-white materials, the firing process is also a very important part of the porcelain manufacturing industry.After the Yuan Dynasty, the porcelain-making industry in Jingdezhen was as the French missionaries who came to Jingdezhen described it: “Smoke covered the clouds during the day, and the kiln fire reddened the night sky”.
Because Yuan Qinghua is rare and precious, it is difficult for ordinary people to see its appearance, so in the antiques world, it has been thought that the folk Yuan Qinghua is mostly fake, but as a collector said: “Yuan Qinghua’s survival is small this is a fact, but not only less than 400.”
Small book also agree with this statement, Even though the kiln has not found the exact kiln site, But “GeGu Yao Lun · Ancient Kiln Artistry” Write: “The north of the kiln, Green sky, Moisturize fine lines, Foot more coarse loess, The recent world is rare.” So no one is sure that one of the wood kiln said.Therefore, it is difficult to be convincing to say that there is no Yuan-Qing-Hua in the folk.
China is one of the four ancient civilizations in the world and has made many important contributions to the progress and development of human society.The achievements made in ceramic technology and art are of particular significance.In China, pottery-making techniques can be traced back to 4500 BC to 2500 BC, can be said to be an important part of the history of the development of the Chinese nation is the history of ceramic development.
The blue-and-white porcelain of China, with its blue-and-blue and gorgeous patterns, such as jade-like glaze water, delicate and white earth and exquisite and exquisite shapes, has become a model for future generations to imitate with the attitude of the new type of porcelain, and can collect a true blue-and-white porcelain, can be really difficult to find.