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An Interpretation of the Mystique of Blue-and-White Porcelain in Yuan Dynasty (2) | china shengjiang blue ande white porcelain/ceramics

An Interpretation of the Mystique of Blue-and-White Porcelain in Yuan Dynasty (2)

An Interpretation of the Mystique of Blue-and-White Porcelain in Yuan Dynasty (2)

Chen Yimin

Let’s go our own way and let people like Sisyphus push rocks up the hill.We’re not at all going to argue with some people300One problem, we are clear that the world is changing, the world space and time are moving, as long as it is the true Yuan Qing Hua, there is one count one!

In the civil and mainstream literati debate, the camps of both sides are constantly changing.At the beginning, of course, is the mainstream of the right to speak, said that the existence of folk collectors are often ridiculed, the vast majority of collectors, they do not believe that the collection will be collected to the Yuan Qinghua.With the passage of time, with the gradual popularization of the knowledge of the Yuanqing Flower, with the opening of the media, especially the emergence of the Internet, so that folk collectors have a place to speak, there is a place to “gather the howling mountains and forests”, Some like-minded people will be able to discuss together what they know about the blue and white flowers.Most importantly, large-scale infrastructure construction, large-scale highway construction, large-scale water conservancy construction, large-scale real estate development, how much land has been turned upside down, this is the largest land movement in Chinese history, It came into being in the second half of the 1990s and to this day.Over the past decade or so, how many ancestors buried in the underground treasure to see the sun, how many ancestors sank into the bottom of the treasure out of the water.These treasures, which we could not see and touch in the past, live in front of the lovers who have collected them, enjoying the glory and respect we once had.

In this confrontation, there is a strange phenomenon in which scholars and experts from the non-Vimbo system tend to side with folk collectors, many of whom are well-respected scholars, social scientists and natural scientists, These collectors don’t think about the value orientation of their collections from an economic perspective at all. They tend to think about donating their collections to the state in addition to their collections.The fate of their collections often reveals their helplessness. Some experts in the literary and cultural circles, who are far inferior to them in their academic and academic status, always deny the authenticity of their collections. Many of these scholars are also indignant about their involvement in the study of their collections. Because of their academic level, because of their reputation, make the debate about the Yuanqing flower more lively, more extensive, more in-depth research, and the academic level is getting higher and higher.The author has met the senior professor of the Central Party School, the senior researcher of the Academy of Social Sciences, the chief engineer of the relevant scientific research units of the state, and so on. Their participation has made a significant change in the strength of the two armies against the base. What is more important is that their research has brought about a sober wind. In particular, their emphasis on scientific and technological experiments almost caught the lifeline of ancient cultural relics identification, and it was also the lifegate of some experts in Wenbo system.

So, with the support of the government and the people, Mr. Xu Ming became the only scholar who entered the storehouse of Turkish and Iranian museums, became a modern Tang monk, and should be a modern Monkey King.The information he brought back gave the Chinese a new boost in their understanding of the flower, so that Mr. Ye Beilan, a researcher at the Forbidden City, quoted Mr. Xu’s point in his article.As the leader of the two armies, this kind of interplay is the condition of healthy academic discussion.

Thus it can be seen that the debate over the number of Yuan Qing Hua is actually a dispute over the right of academic discourse.All we have to say is that there’s only ivy china300It’s just a legend. No one has ever really counted this number. Just read the title of the document below. “The State Council on the First DevelopmentNotice to the National Survey of Mobile Cultural Relics[2012] No.54 “As you can see, the number of movable cultural relics in our country has never been carefully counted.To this day, none of the industry’s pundits has listed his statistics on the blue-and-white porcelain.Accordingly,300One piece of Yuan-Qing-hua porcelain, or400One piece of Yuanqing porcelain is just a legend, can only beat soy sauce, when can not be true.Of course, so-called15000It’s just a legend that a piece of Yuan-Qing-hua porcelain is just a legend.Unfortunately, in the past years, the legend of numbers really took seriously.

Myth # 4: Did you destroy Yuan Qing Hua at the beginning of the Ming Dynasty?

It is said that one of the most important reasons for the small and precious blue-and-white flowers is that they were destroyed in the early Ming Dynasty.The individual who reached this conclusion, haunted by the nightmare of the Cultural Revolution, took for granted that the Ming Dynasty was founded by the overthrow of the Yuan Dynasty, and that it was bound to destroy the artifacts with the memory of the Yuan Dynasty.

This is a misreading of history!

We can not find such a record in the Ming literature, on the contrary, we in the early Ming Dynasty in the tomb of the well-known generals were found Yuan Qing Hua.The funerals were public and official, such as Tang and Mu Ying and Song Sheng, all of whom were buried with Yuan-Qing-Hua in their tombs.

17-3 Tomb Excavation of Tang and Tomb in Bengbu City of Bengbu in 73 Years

A large jar with peony band cover unearthed in Tanghe tomb of Bengbu city in 1973 (photo)17-3) attended the Anhui Museum, the Capital Museum and the Shanghai Museum respectively.This instrument is covered with blue-and-white pattern, which is typical of the painting style of Yuanqing.Cover surface, mouth edge and bottom foot, painted with auxiliary patterns, such as lotus leaf pattern, curly grass pattern, moire, sea water pattern, flame interval polyphonic pattern, etc.The main body is decorated with peony grain.The shape of this device is bold, the pattern is intricate, and the color is bright.

Tang He is a famous figure in the history of Ming Dynasty, and also a person who died well in Hongwu.The exhumation of this instrument has brought rich historical information.First of all, the Yuan blue-and-white big articles, is the official household supplies;Secondly, in the early Ming Dynasty, the use of Yuanqing is not prohibited.That is to say, Yuan Qing Hua in the early Ming Dynasty, is still circulating.This is of great significance to understanding the inheritance of the Yuan-Qing-hua.

17-4 Years of Longjiashan Song Sheng Tomb in Nanjing

Another look at the famous Yuan Qing Hua, “Xiao He’s following Han Xin next month,” Mei Ping, it was unearthed in Jiangning Niushou Mountain in the twenty-fifth year of Hongwu (1392Muying in the tomb.and the Yuan Qinghua unearthed in the tomb of Song Sheng,figure17-4For Nanjing Langjiashan Song Sheng tomb unearthed the Yuan Qinghua mandarin duck pattern big bowl.Sonɡ Shenɡ(1342-1407)As a famous general in early Ming Dynasty, he died in Yongle in July of five years.On the bowl, which was buried in public and unearthed in public, we can see the inheritance relationship of the embellishment in the alternation of the two ages.The chrysanthemum pattern is one of the most popular china patterns in Hongwu period of Ming Dynasty. The chrysanthemum pattern we saw on the bowl of Yuan Qing Hua is slightly different from the chrysanthemum pattern of Hongwu period of Ming Dynasty. It is obvious that the painting pattern of Hongwu period of Ming Dynasty inherited the style of Yuan Dynasty.

The concrete decorative features are the important basis for the identification of the authenticity of porcelain. We should emphasize the inheritance and evolution of the artistic style in the replacement of dynasties, not the break and destruction.

Mysterious # 5: The blue-and-white porcelain is a fine product

Because of the high prices paid by Yuan Qing Hua, there is a habit of understanding in the hearts of quite a few collectors and investors–The Yuan blue-and-white porcelain is all fine.

In fact, this is an illusion, Yuan Qinghua has a lot of general products, this is because Yuan Qinghua is just a commodity porcelain, not people think of the official porcelain.We know that the most wonderful Yuan Qing Hua is made by Zhang Wenjin!Who is Zhang Wenjin?Please look at the inscription on the earbottle like this:


Xinzhou Road, Yushan County, Shunde City, Jingtang Shetang holy disciple Zhang Wenjin, Xi ‘she incense pot vase, a blessing to protect the children safety of the family Qing Ji to just 11 years in April, remember Xingyuan ancestral hall, Hu Jing, a marshal to make a confession


Some scholars have searched “Yushan County Records”,” Jiangxi Tongzhi “,” Fuliang County Records”, “Rao Zhou Fu Records”, no record of Zhang Wenjin its people, it can be seen that his identity is not prominent, no merit;But he offered such a pair of jars to the temple, which should be rich local people.[1]This kind of porcelain offering for vows is undoubtedly custom-made commodity porcelain.

Then we will study the other owners of the unearthed Yuanhua porcelain.

17-5 Green flower, dragon-grain jade, spring vase,2006, unearthed in Wuhu County

figure17-5The Yuanqing Flower Longwen Jade Huchun vase was unearthed in Wuhu County, Anhui Province in 2006.When it was unearthed, there were no relevant materials to accompany it, so we couldn’t understand the owner of the Yuanqing flower. What we can imagine is that its master would not be a well-known family, because it was not a large tomb that left a record or made a stir.Such an ordinary Yuanhua porcelain, once again, tells us that most of them come from ordinary families.

17-6 Qinghua rhomboid mouth basin excavated in Anqing city in 77 years

17-7 Green Flowers unearthed in Anqing in 77 years

figure17-6He Tu17-7Yuan Qing Hua Lingkou basin and Yuan Qing Hua Yi1977Anqing city excavated in the same place in the year, because it did not see at the same time unearthed relevant written materials, its owners at that time, should also be unknown.

17-8 Blue and white flower pot, unearthed in 1998, Nguyen’s tomb in Niuzhen, Taihu County

figure17-8The Yuanqing flower pattern holding pot,1998Nguyen’s tomb in niu town, taihu county, china.Is a holding pot, complete shape, the whole body lines smooth, giving people a pleasant dynamic, is really a rare treasure.We don’t know about the Nguyen’s family, but they’ve been buried with such a blue-and-white boutique, apparently not a poor family.If it is not for the officials, it should also be a rich family.If is the latter, has brought such historical information to us, the Yuan Qing Hua at that time, has not used the restriction, it is just a common commodity, as long as has the money, can buy the fine Yuan Qing Hua porcelain as the family furnishings.

Exhume of Nguyen’s Tomb of Niuzhen in Taihu County in 1998

figure17-9The bird patterns of the Yuan and Qing flowers are also unearthed in China.1998Is also Taihu County Niuzhen Ruan family graves.The phoenix pattern bracket and the pattern calyx, the blue and white hair color is rich and bright, has the obvious Su hemp from the blue and white material black spot.The flower leaves in the calyx have been transformed from cucurbit to swallow-like, and the chrysanthemum lines in the bracket can be of great help to us in thinking about the decorative features of the Yuanqing and Hongwu periods.This set of saucer, should be a rich family in the Yuan Dynasty hospitality equipment, very delicate.As mentioned earlier, this kind of blue-and-white porcelain should also be a commodity that can be bought with money at the time.

17-10 The tomb of Sun’s family was unearthed in Linhuan Town, Suixi County from 13 years ago

17-11 Blue-and-white Jade Rabbit Ribbon Seat for Bottle Supply (2),1984, unearthed in Qingyang County.

17-12 Blue and white peacock pattern big pot 98 Fanchang Xingang Yuan Dynasty cave excavated

17-13 Green Flower Longwen Bowl 70 Years in the Yuan Dynasty in Old Gulou Street, Beijing

figure17-10Linhuan Town of Suixi County13The blue and white flower patterns and patterns unearthed from the tomb of Sun’s family in the year of 191917-11for1984The supply bottle and picture of blue-and-white jade rabbit belt seat unearthed in Qingyang County, Anhui Province in 2000.17-12for1998A large blue-and-white peacock pattern pot and picture unearthed in Yuan Dynasty Kiln, Xingang Town, Fanchang, Anhui Province in 1999.17-13for1970The blue-and-white bowl with dragon patterns unearthed in the Yuan Dynasty in the ancient Gulou Street, Beijing, was unmistakably told the researchers that the blue-and-white porcelain, unearthed in unknown or civilian cemeteries, could be bought if it had money.