Pictures of Blue-and-White Porcelain in Ming Dynasty and Its Handout
After more than 400 years of slow development, the blue-and-white porcelain reached maturity in the late Yuan Dynasty, and then developed with vigorous vitality.During the Yongle period of Ming Dynasty, the blue-and-white porcelain became the main product of China’s porcelain production and export, which lasted until the Qing Dynasty.The blue-and-white porcelain, with its white and delicate embryo glaze, beautiful blue and white colors and elegant and popular decoration patterns, is popular among the Chinese people and the people all over the world, especially Mingyongle and Xuande blue-and-white porcelain, which are the focal points of the collection of the major museums in the world, and is also the target of the collectors in the shooting arena.The Ming Dynasty blue-and-white porcelain collected by Chengde Summer Palace Museum is of high quality and distinctive features. This paper only chooses some representative objects to show the style and characteristics of several important historical periods of the Ming Dynasty official kiln.
Blue-and-white porcelain, also known as white blue-and-white porcelain, is often referred to as blue-and-white, China’s ceramic technology treasures.Is one of the mainstream varieties of Chinese porcelain, under the glaze color porcelain.Blue-and-white porcelain is painted on the ceramic body, then covered with a transparent glaze, high-temperature reduction flame once fired.
The original blue-and-white porcelain appeared in the Tang and Song dynasties, and the mature blue-and-white porcelain appeared in the Hutian kiln in Jingdezhen in Yuan Dynasty.Qing Hua became the mainstream of porcelain in Ming Dynasty.The period of Qing Kangxi reached its peak.During the Ming and Qing dynasties, the varieties of blue and white, malachite green glaze blue, bean green glaze blue, red green, yellow ground blue and goose glaze blue and white were also created.
The so-called “transition period” and “transitional period” in the porcelain dynasty generally indicate 1620 years at the end of Wanli to 1683 years in the early period of Qingkang.The 17th century in which Chongzhen Dynasty lived was a period of ups and downs and social unrest.Globally, in 17th-century Europe, the long and dark Middle Ages had just passed, and the dawn of the Renaissance had brought about a awakening. Feudal society was gradually disintegrating, replaced by the rise of capitalism and the liberation of the productive forces, which promoted the development of science and technology. The Great Navigation Age has continued to advance.On the contrary, the Ming Dynasty of Daxia is in the midst of internal and external troubles. The domestic political atmosphere is tense and depressed. The literati and officials who are frustrated in the official career are drunk and dream of death.However, social unrest and political darkness do not represent the collapse of culture and art.During the Chongzhen period, the firing of blue-and-white porcelain produced a brilliant spark different from the one hundred years before.
The blue-and-white porcelain decorative theme of the Jiawan period was mostly the elements of immortal Taoism, but this cloud-filled atmosphere of Taoism changed greatly during the Chongzhen period.Chongzhen blue-and-white decoration content rich, the previous official kiln purely expressed the emperor’s will and preferences of the standard pattern gradually reduced, various animal patterns, landscape scenery, character story patterns appeared in large numbers.Especially the subject matter of the characters’ stories, mostly reflects the narrative content such as the drama novels and historical stories, and the secular characters begin to become the protagonists of the blue-and-white figure paintings.In the description of the brush strokes, compared with the Yuan Dynasty, the early Ming and the mid-Ming Dynasty, the same subject-matter of formality, also obviously released hands and feet, characters generally elongated body height, elegant and neat, showing a different style than the previous dynasty, This is the early Qing Dynasty in the blue-and-white figure pattern of porcelain can be seen from the shadow of the continuation of this.