A national treasure of the Netherlands, a familiar blue-and-white porcelain.
“Vegetable embryo outlines blue-and-white pen, the bottle painted peony like your first make-up.” Few people know that in this distant European town _ Delft, blue-and-white porcelain is also well-known, the famous overseas royal Delft fine porcelain is lovable.Royal Delft was founded in 1653, has been more than 350 years of history, still adhere to the traditional manual production of porcelain.The Royal Delft, which has been located here since 1916, is the only remaining 17th-century Delft porcelain factory.
In 1919, the title of “royal” was given by the royal family, which recognized the contribution of royal delft to the delft blue porcelain industry in the netherlands.The company is now closely linked to the Dutch royal family.It not only produces tableware and decorations for the Dutch royal family, but also customizes gifts to important guests for the royal family.Many of Europe’s royal architectural porcelain also comes from it.
Delft Blue is the name of a unique blue-and-white colored glazed pottery produced by Delft in the Netherlands.In the 16th century skilled earthenware craftsmen fled Spain’s reign of terror to the Netherlands.Most of the pottery artisans who originally worked in Antwerp settled in Dutch towns like Delft and Harlem.There they began making wall tiles for kitchens or fireplaces, and gradually developed Dutch ideas of art.
In the early 17th century, the East India Company’s merchant ships brought home a large number of fine Chinese blue-and-white porcelain. Chinese ceramics decorated with blue patterns on the white body were very popular in the Netherlands at the time, which had a great impact on the traditional Malolka ware.Pottery craftsmen began to imitate the craft, producing porcelain decorated with biblical stories and other patterns to support their lives.
Until the mid-19th century, De Porcelyne Fles, which began in 1653, became the only remaining porcelain workshop in Delft.In 1876, Joost ‘t Hooft regained the art of hand-painted blue decoration, the fusion of traditional ideas and new artistic styles, and the renewal of Delft pottery.Delft blue absorbed the enamel characteristics and dyed blue technology of chinese blue and white porcelain, borrowed from the painting methods of iwanli and kaki shiweimen in japan, created the unique porcelain pattern, and promoted the dutch characteristics, and became a famous delft blue in europe.
Delft Blue’s blue is significantly stronger than blue-and-white porcelain, which looks familiar at first glance, but is clearly not Chinese blue-and-white porcelain.The painter painted his work with a black dye containing cobalt oxide.During the firing process, cobalt oxide reacts and the color changes from black to the famous Delft Blue.
Delft blue is different from the unique artistic charm of chinese blue and white porcelain is that its blue is not limited to four kinds of blue, but by adding different amounts of water to the black dye, you can get different shades of blue: the more water you add, the lighter the color.This greatly enhanced the artistic expressiveness of Delft Blue, and turned oil painting into blue porcelain painting is possible.The cobalt oxide formula is the royal delft’s top secret.
From a tulip vase you can learn about the unique charm of Delft Blue.In the 17th century, tulips represented nobility, and with such gorgeous vases, they were symbols of wealth used by the rich.This tulip vase was an absolute symbol of status and status at the time.Now Royal Delft has introduced a number of similar products.
Royal Delft’s contemporary Dutch designer Jacob de Baan’s (New Delft) tableware line is superb.Delft’s traditional logo, decorated on cutlery, perfectly demonstrates how the old and new elements complement each other.De Baan also designed a wine set to be used in conjunction with traditional Dutch wine sets.
“Night Tour” is a 480 pieces of ceramic tile mosaic, the design is Rembrandt’s famous” night tour “.This is the first and only time that the scale of “night tour” has been mapped to delft blue pottery.It was completed by two skilled painters from 1999 to 2000 and later bought by an anonymous person.
Vermeer was one of the most famous painters of the Dutch Golden Age.It was natural to think of Delft, the town where he was born and worked and lived all his life.Royal Delft belonged to the same era as the master Vermeer.As a souvenir, Royal Delft made the Vermeer series of blue porcelain works, which must not be missed works are “girls wearing pearl earrings” and” Delft One Scene. ”
Vermeer’s famous novel The Girl with a Pearl Earring
Much of the work of the Royal Delft Collection is still done by hand.Ceramic painting is a very fine work, because the blank, that is, only once fired pottery is very loose, there are many small holes on the surface can instantly adsorb dye, do not leave a little chance to correct the mistakes of the painter, must write accurately.Although artists have to have a year’s basic training after entering the factory, only after four or five years of drawing experience do they dare to say that they have mastered every skill of blue-porcelain painting.
The drawing process is to map the outline of the design to the pottery.This process needs to be done with charcoal and hollow-out templates.With the hollowed-out template, the artist can paint the traditional design on the pottery with a brush along the black dot.
Royal Delft’s hand-painted ceramics are easy to identify, with seals on the bottom or back.The seal consists of a top can and two capital letters, “JT”.”JT” stands for “Joost Thoft,” the name of a 17th-century manufacturer of Delft Blue Porcelain, which he introduced in 1879.
While working in the factory, the painters also had an opportunity to delve into other Royal Delft processes (using a variety of colors).Large-scale tile paintings and more sophisticated decorations are often painted by skilled painters, and it takes about 10 years of hard work to grow from an ordinary painter to a skilled painter.