Interpretation of the Arcanum of Blue-and-White Porcelain in Yuan Dynasty (Full Text)
The study of Yuan-Qing-hua porcelain, as a prominent study of Chinese ceramics, has been focused on ancient works of art for a long time, but because of a Yuan-Qing-hua”Ghost Valley Downhill”Big can,2005It was held at London’s Christie’s in nineteen ninety-nine”Chinese porcelain and art works”at auction; at auction; at auction1400The price of ￡1 million was settled (in rmb)2.3Billionaire), which created the highest price of Chinese art at that time, attracted the extensive attention of Chinese literary and cultural circles and collectors circles, since then, Yuanqing flower has become the most heated discussion and controversy of ancient underglaze porcelain in China’s ceramic circles and even all social strata.
The Yuanqinghua is of course precious, in the world ceramics history, Yuanqinghua has other ceramics incomparable important position.First, because of the success of the firing of the blue and white porcelain, blue and white has become the dominant ceramic variety of later generations;Second, the emergence of the Yuan and Qing flowers, so that the cultural exchange between China and the West for all levels of society can have access to a medium;Third, the appearance of Yuan Qing Hua is in a specific historical period, when the ruler of the Central Plains was the Mongolian nationality, and the shortness of its ruling period caused Yuan Qing Hua to load up the historical mission that should not be carried by it, countless historical mysteries, The modern scholars were enthralled by the discussion of the Yuan-Qing-hua and the historical process at that time.And “Ghost Valley Zi” Yuan Qing Hua sky-high prices, but also make the status of Yuan Qing Hua porcelain steep.
The mystery of the blue and white flower, its origin, its circulation, its characters, its glaze, its color, its foetus, its embellishment, its feet, flint red and its price, etc., hide many mysteries.And Sun Yingzhou, Feng Xianming, Liu Xinyuan, Geng Baochang, Zhang Pusheng, Xu Ming, Ma Weidou, Hobson, Popper and other famous scholars to solve these mysteries, and also caused more widespread attention and controversy.
Where is the mystery of Yuan-Qing-hua porcelain?
The best solution is in the ivy tree itself.
We are trying to interpret these mysteries through the accepted standard of blue-and-white porcelain.However, in the process of finding and solving these mysteries, it would be very superficial to only discuss the authenticity of the Yuanqing porcelain and put its foothold in the study of artifact, only to explore the mystery of Yuanqing in the background of the Yuan Dynasty’s history and culture. Only then can we get a high-level answer.
Let’s take a look at the basic mysteries of the Yuanqing flower.
One of the mysteries: The first known Yuanhua porcelain is” fake “.
figure17-1It is the world’s first known pair of blue-and-white porcelain, the blue-and-white elephant-ear vase from the Great Vader Foundation, which is now on display at the British Museum.In the 1920s, when she appeared in the domestic antiquities market, almost every Chinese expert or antique dealer who saw her said she was” fake “!Includes some dead and living authorities.However, the Great Wade Foundation in Britain has a collection of her.An Englishman, Hobson, and an American, Pope, studied her.1929Hobson, an Englishman, first wrote in a magazine, “Blue and White Porcelain Before the Ming Dynasty”, introducing the well-known elephant-ear vase.1952John, Chinese Ancient Ceramic Scholar at the Flyer Museum of Art, USA.Dr. Pope, after studying the Yuan porcelain collection at the Topkabi Palace in Turkey, named it the “Zhengzheng” blue-and-white porcelain of China and wrote two books on it_”14Century blue-and-white porcelain: a collection of chinese porcelain “and” chinese porcelain in the temple of adbil “, held in topkabi, istanbul.These two books, like Prof. Hobson’s, have pioneered the systematic study of the Yuanqing Flower before the world’s porcelain circles, including China.Two of the first foreigners to study Yuanqing porcelain, established this object ear bottle as the right stage of the Yuanqing porcelain standard.
We cannot simply regard the identification of the earbottle as such a trivial matter as the identification of the authenticity of the objects. The two foreigners’ research is a fill in the gap in the history of Chinese ceramics, and the outflow of the earbottle itself is a continuation of the exchanges between Chinese and foreign civilizations. And the research that this kind of communication produces cannot but confirm such a truth, namely academic without national boundary and academic cosmopolitan.
Mysterious 2: is Wu Laixi a profiteer?
The outflow of the blue-and-white dragon pattern elephant earbottle has been linked to the name Wu Laixi.Mr. Sun Ying-chou1966″This pair of bottles was originally used as a supplier to the Zhihua Temple in Dongcheng City, Beijing, but they were stolen and sold abroad by unscrupulous merchants 40 years ago,” he said.Who lost it?Mr. Sun didn’t say anything!Mr. Geng Baochang is in1995″The identification of the blue and white porcelain of the Yuan Dynasty,” said the book, published in 1997.1929Wu Laixi, a Fujian-born overseas Chinese, transported to England in 1919, was originally a supplier of Beijing Zhi Hua Temple.He’s right, isn’t he?I’m afraid it’s a bit false.First of all, it’s wrong in time.overseas records1927This pair of bottles have been injected into the UK;And Sun Yingzhou’s statement does not support Geng Baochang’s statement, Sun Zai1965The memory bottle came out forty years ago.Therefore, it should be1927It is true that the outflow of years ago was correct.Next.In character qualitative Mr. Geng Baochang is more cautious, and Mr. Sun Yingzhou’s formulation may be worth discussing.Wu Laexi was originally born in Chaoan, Guangdong Province, Singapore patriotic overseas Chinese, wealthy family, not antique merchants, May 4 Movement to the “Paris Peace Association” petition is from its hands, the Anti-Japanese War to mobilize overseas Chinese donations, actively engaged in the anti-Japanese salvation movement, so after the donation to the country500Many pieces of porcelain and hundreds of volumes of calligraphy and painting.
The question is not who the elephant-ear bottle is leaving, nor is it the position of Wu Laixi, a historical figure.The problem is that in the absence of a universal value system, anyone could take an ambiguous weight out of the country.This has formed a very embarrassing situation among quite a few experts in the Wenbo system, that is, dare not give a real proof of antiquities, nor dare to give this antiquities false proof.It is so absurd that there is no truth and no falsehood.
Mystery three: only three hundred ivy flowers?
In the Yuan Qinghua study, the most funny life gate, it is actually the number of its survival.”Only Yuan Qing Hua300Part “, has become a lot of scholars and experts interested in the topic, has become the Achilles heel of the study of the Yuan Qinghua.Opponents and proponents of the attack and protection of the fate of the door as if to break the Achilles heel, the Yuanqing study of the stubborn bastion will fall.
Who says Yuan Qing Hua is only300Pieces?
Mr. Wu Shu thinks in “Who’s Collecting China”.Say Yuan Qing Hua only300The final conclusion is that Dr. Liu Ying Jiang Qixi lives in1993-1996A survey was made in 1999 after the collection of Yuan-Hua porcelain by a foreign museum.Soon after Chiang’s conclusion, he said, “a lot of fine Yuan-Qing-hua porcelain has been unearthed in Gaoan County, Jiujiang County, Baoding, Hebei Province, and Yuan-Dadu, Beijing.”
This said, Mr. Wu has two mistakes. First of all, Mr. Jiang’s position in the literary and cultural circles of our country is not enough to influence the entire literary and cultural circles by personal investigation.That said, there should be someone else.
with respect to300In a 1994 book, “Chinese Ceramics,” Mr. Feng said: “In total, the total collection at home and abroad, the total number of Yuanqing porcelain is more than 300.”Read this passage of Mr. Feng Xianming carefully, the reader will understand that Mr. Feng did not make “only 300 pieces of Yuan Qinghua porcelain,” the “conclusion”!?Although Mr. Feng is talking about “the whole collection” here, he uses the uncertain term “roughly” and, crucially, adds two words, “above”, after 300 items.If there are 300 pieces” below, “then,” the world’s only blue-and-white300There is also a certain amount of authority (of course, an authoritative formulation). It is also possible to discuss), and the word “above” is known to those who have a little bit of knowledge of our country’s language. It should mean more than 300 numbers. Of course, we should never understand that the upper limit of numbers is infinity, which is clearly contrary to Mr. Feng Xianming’s intention. Obviously, Mr. Feng’s intention is also a relatively close to 300 figures, the key is that he did not say dead.
The book is published in1994In 2006, the conclusion should be formed earlier than before1994Apparently, it was earlier than Dr. Chiang’s investigation.With Mr. Feng’s reputation in the ceramic world of our country, he is strong enough to influence all.The problem is that Mr Feng is more cautious, while others have set their minds.
Secondly, said Mr. Wu, Dr. Jiang’s300After the conclusion, some Yuan-Qing flowers have been unearthed in Gaoan and other places in China, which is a common-sense mistake caused by the author’s unfamiliarity with the basic situation of Chinese cultural relics.The Yuan Qing Hua of Gao An is unearthed in1980Year11Once every month29day; day; day; day; dayExcavation of Yuanqinghua in Baoding, Hebei Province1964Year5Month;Excavation of Yuan Qinghua Kiln in Yuan Dynasty in Beijing1970The date of these excavations, I’m afraid Dr. Chiang is still in primary school, even at an early age.
Describing this process is nothing more than saying,300The article said that affected several generations of ceramic people, do not know its origin, I am afraid it is not conducive to our clear thinking.
in affirmation and negation300Among the representative figures, Mr. Zhang Pusheng of the Nanjing Museum is a representative of the positive side, who has repeatedly called for it at relevant meetings300The correctness of the piece says, hope tibetans don’t want to collect Yuan Qinghua any more;Mr. Xu Ming, a doctoral researcher at the Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences, made it clear to Hong Kong’s Phoenix TV, which interviewed him15000Piece.It’s interesting,1sampl-50The ratio.
in fact300The number of pieces is by no meansAchilles heel!But the stone of Sisyphus!The kind Mr. Feng Xianming is making an appointment300It would never have occurred to him that this number, like a spell, would forever cover his disciples and his opponents.This rigid number, like the Sun Wukong mantra, makes a lot of researchers in front of it.
Let’s go our own way and let people like Sisyphus push rocks up the hill.We’re not at all going to argue with some people300One problem, we are clear that the world is changing, the world space and time are moving, as long as it is the true Yuan Qing Hua, there is one count one!
In the civil and mainstream literati debate, the camps of both sides are constantly changing.At the beginning, of course, is the mainstream of the right to speak, said that the existence of folk collectors are often ridiculed, the vast majority of collectors, they do not believe that the collection will be collected to the Yuan Qinghua.With the passage of time, with the gradual popularization of the knowledge of the Yuanqing Flower, with the opening of the media, especially the emergence of the Internet, so that folk collectors have a place to speak, there is a place to “gather the howling mountains and forests”, Some like-minded people will be able to discuss together what they know about the blue and white flowers.Most importantly, large-scale infrastructure construction, large-scale highway construction, large-scale water conservancy construction, large-scale real estate development, how much land has been turned upside down, this is the largest land movement in Chinese history, It came into being in the second half of the 1990s and to this day.Over the past decade or so, how many ancestors buried in the underground treasure to see the sun, how many ancestors sank into the bottom of the treasure out of the water.These treasures, which we could not see and touch in the past, live in front of the lovers who have collected them, enjoying the glory and respect we once had.
In this confrontation, there is a strange phenomenon in which scholars and experts from the non-Vimbo system tend to side with folk collectors, many of whom are well-respected scholars, social scientists and natural scientists, These collectors don’t think about the value orientation of their collections from an economic perspective at all. They tend to think about donating their collections to the state in addition to their collections.The fate of their collections often reveals their helplessness. Some experts in the literary and cultural circles, who are far inferior to them in their academic and academic status, always deny the authenticity of their collections. Many of these scholars are also indignant about their involvement in the study of their collections. Because of their academic level, because of their reputation, make the debate about the Yuanqing flower more lively, more extensive, more in-depth research, and the academic level is getting higher and higher.The author has met the senior professor of the Central Party School, the senior researcher of the Academy of Social Sciences, the chief engineer of the relevant scientific research units of the state, and so on. Their participation has made a significant change in the strength of the two armies against the base. What is more important is that their research has brought about a sober wind. In particular, their emphasis on scientific and technological experiments almost caught the lifeline of ancient cultural relics identification, and it was also the lifegate of some experts in Wenbo system.
So, with the support of the government and the people, Mr. Xu Ming became the only scholar who entered the storehouse of Turkish and Iranian museums, became a modern Tang monk, and should be a modern Monkey King.The information he brought back gave the Chinese a new boost in their understanding of the flower, so that Mr. Ye Beilan, a researcher at the Forbidden City, quoted Mr. Xu’s point in his article.As the leader of the two armies, this kind of interplay is the condition of healthy academic discussion.
Thus it can be seen that the debate over the number of Yuan Qing Hua is actually a dispute over the right of academic discourse.All we have to say is that there’s only ivy china300It’s just a legend. No one has ever really counted this number. Just read the title of the document below. “The State Council on the First Development
Notice to the National Survey of Mobile Cultural Relics No.54 “As you can see, the number of movable cultural relics in our country has never been carefully counted.To this day, none of the industry’s pundits has listed his statistics on the blue-and-white porcelain.Accordingly,300One piece of Yuan-Qing-hua porcelain, or400One piece of Yuanqing porcelain is just a legend, can only beat soy sauce, when can not be true.Of course, so-called15000It’s just a legend that a piece of Yuan-Qing-hua porcelain is just a legend.Unfortunately, in the past years, the legend of numbers really took seriously.
Myth # 4: Did you destroy Yuan Qing Hua at the beginning of the Ming Dynasty?
It is said that one of the most important reasons for the small and precious blue-and-white flowers is that they were destroyed in the early Ming Dynasty.The individual who reached this conclusion, haunted by the nightmare of the Cultural Revolution, took for granted that the Ming Dynasty was founded by the overthrow of the Yuan Dynasty, and that it was bound to destroy the artifacts with the memory of the Yuan Dynasty.
This is a misreading of history!
We can not find such a record in the Ming literature, on the contrary, we in the early Ming Dynasty in the tomb of the well-known generals were found Yuan Qing Hua.The funerals were public and official, such as Tang and Mu Ying and Song Sheng, all of whom were buried with Yuan-Qing-Hua in their tombs.
A large jar with peony band cover unearthed in Tanghe tomb of Bengbu city in 1973 (photo)17-3) attended the Anhui Museum, the Capital Museum and the Shanghai Museum respectively.This instrument is covered with blue-and-white pattern, which is typical of the painting style of Yuanqing.Cover surface, mouth edge and bottom foot, painted with auxiliary patterns, such as lotus leaf pattern, curly grass pattern, moire, sea water pattern, flame interval polyphonic pattern, etc.The main body is decorated with peony grain.The shape of this device is bold, the pattern is intricate, and the color is bright.
Tang He is a famous figure in the history of Ming Dynasty, and also a person who died well in Hongwu.The exhumation of this instrument has brought rich historical information.First of all, the Yuan blue-and-white big articles, is the official household supplies;Secondly, in the early Ming Dynasty, the use of Yuanqing is not prohibited.That is to say, Yuan Qing Hua in the early Ming Dynasty, is still circulating.This is of great significance to understanding the inheritance of the Yuan-Qing-hua.
Another look at the famous Yuan Qing Hua, “Xiao He’s following Han Xin next month,” Mei Ping, it was unearthed in Jiangning Niushou Mountain in the twenty-fifth year of Hongwu (1392Muying in the tomb.and the Yuan Qinghua unearthed in the tomb of Song Sheng,figure17-4For Nanjing Langjiashan Song Sheng tomb unearthed the Yuan Qinghua mandarin duck pattern big bowl.Sonɡ Shenɡ(1342-1407)As a famous general in early Ming Dynasty, he died in Yongle in July of five years.On the bowl, which was buried in public and unearthed in public, we can see the inheritance relationship of the embellishment in the alternation of the two ages.The chrysanthemum pattern is one of the most popular china patterns in Hongwu period of Ming Dynasty. The chrysanthemum pattern we saw on the bowl of Yuan Qing Hua is slightly different from the chrysanthemum pattern of Hongwu period of Ming Dynasty. It is obvious that the painting pattern of Hongwu period of Ming Dynasty inherited the style of Yuan Dynasty.
The concrete decorative features are the important basis for the identification of the authenticity of porcelain. We should emphasize the inheritance and evolution of the artistic style in the replacement of dynasties, not the break and destruction.
Mysterious # 5: The blue-and-white porcelain is a fine product
Because of the high prices paid by Yuan Qing Hua, there is a habit of understanding in the hearts of quite a few collectors and investors–The Yuan blue-and-white porcelain is all fine.
In fact, this is an illusion, Yuan Qinghua has a lot of general products, this is because Yuan Qinghua is just a commodity porcelain, not people think of the official porcelain.We know that the most wonderful Yuan Qing Hua is made by Zhang Wenjin!Who is Zhang Wenjin?Please look at the inscription on the earbottle like this:
Xinzhou Road, Yushan County, Shunde City, Jingtang Shetang holy disciple Zhang Wenjin, Xi ‘she incense pot vase, a blessing to protect the children safety of the family Qing Ji to just 11 years in April, remember Xingyuan ancestral hall, Hu Jing, a marshal to make a confession
Some scholars have searched “Yushan County Records”,” Jiangxi Tongzhi “,” Fuliang County Records”, “Rao Zhou Fu Records”, no record of Zhang Wenjin its people, it can be seen that his identity is not prominent, no merit;But he offered such a pair of jars to the temple, which should be rich local people.This kind of porcelain offering for vows is undoubtedly custom-made commodity porcelain.
Then we will study the other owners of the unearthed Yuanhua porcelain.
figure17-5The Yuanqing Flower Longwen Jade Huchun vase was unearthed in Wuhu County, Anhui Province in 2006.When it was unearthed, there were no relevant materials to accompany it, so we couldn’t understand the owner of the Yuanqing flower. What we can imagine is that its master would not be a well-known family, because it was not a large tomb that left a record or made a stir.Such an ordinary Yuanhua porcelain, once again, tells us that most of them come from ordinary families.
figure17-6He Tu17-7Yuan Qing Hua Lingkou basin and Yuan Qing Hua Yi1977Anqing city excavated in the same place in the year, because it did not see at the same time unearthed relevant written materials, its owners at that time, should also be unknown.
figure17-8The Yuanqing flower pattern holding pot,1998Nguyen’s tomb in niu town, taihu county, china.Is a holding pot, complete shape, the whole body lines smooth, giving people a pleasant dynamic, is really a rare treasure.We don’t know about the Nguyen’s family, but they’ve been buried with such a blue-and-white boutique, apparently not a poor family.If it is not for the officials, it should also be a rich family.If is the latter, has brought such historical information to us, the Yuan Qing Hua at that time, has not used the restriction, it is just a common commodity, as long as has the money, can buy the fine Yuan Qing Hua porcelain as the family furnishings.
figure17-9The bird patterns of the Yuan and Qing flowers are also unearthed in China.1998Is also Taihu County Niuzhen Ruan family graves.The phoenix pattern bracket and the pattern calyx, the blue and white hair color is rich and bright, has the obvious Su hemp from the blue and white material black spot.The flower leaves in the calyx have been transformed from cucurbit to swallow-like, and the chrysanthemum lines in the bracket can be of great help to us in thinking about the decorative features of the Yuanqing and Hongwu periods.This set of saucer, should be a rich family in the Yuan Dynasty hospitality equipment, very delicate.As mentioned earlier, this kind of blue-and-white porcelain should also be a commodity that can be bought with money at the time.
figure17-10Linhuan Town of Suixi County13The blue and white flower patterns and patterns unearthed from the tomb of Sun’s family in the year of 191917-11for1984The supply bottle and picture of blue-and-white jade rabbit belt seat unearthed in Qingyang County, Anhui Province in 2000.17-12for1998A large blue-and-white peacock pattern pot and picture unearthed in Yuan Dynasty Kiln, Xingang Town, Fanchang, Anhui Province in 1999.17-13for1970The blue-and-white bowl with dragon patterns unearthed in the Yuan Dynasty in the ancient Gulou Street, Beijing, was unmistakably told the researchers that the blue-and-white porcelain, unearthed in unknown or civilian cemeteries, could be bought if it had money.
This shows, Yuan Qing Hua is commodity porcelain, among them have high-quality goods, have a lot of general goods more.
The sixth of the mysteries: Yuan Qing Hua are all export porcelain
Is yuanqing flower used for export or domestic supply?How precious was the ivy flower at the time?That is to say, Yuan Qing Hua’s output at that time is not big?Is the Yuan Qinghua only the royal family can use, or dignitaries can use, ordinary people can not use?Many such questions may not be fully answered in the traditional way.
Based on the excavated tombs, it is proved that Yuan Qing Hua is actually a commercial porcelain.In the vast Yuan Dynasty, the Yuan Qinghua face a broad market, not just export-oriented.In the generation and excavated a carding of the Yuanqing flower, can also prove that the Yuanqinghua type, the market to export-oriented and high-foot cup to domestic-based sales.
Iran’s National Museum has three times presented its Yuan-hua porcelain to China.2007The annual delivery and opening of three seals,2008Beijing for annual exhibition66 of the pieces, six of which are in the Yuan-Qing-Hua market, take up the exhibits66.7%,figure17-14,17-15,17-16,17-17,17-18,17-19The big market for iran, and iran for the yuanqing flower exhibition of the shanghai museum (see pictures of this book).From Iran and Turkey’s existing yuanhua porcelain, the market is a lot of proportion, physical evidence tells the researchers that the market is based on the western region of the eating habits of the device made, when mainly used for export.
And in Anhui, Pingxiang, Inner Mongolia and other unearthed products in the Yi and high-foot cup (picture17-7,17-20,17-21) It is not found in the heirloom abroad, so this kind of instrument with strong traditional style should be mainly aimed at the domestic market.
The discussion on the market of Yuanqinghua porcelain not only needs to echo its commodity porcelain nature, but also wants to explain the significance of the business-oriented policy in the Yuan Dynasty to the research on the authenticity of Yuanqinghua.
Myth No.7: Argument over the Authenticity of the Yuan Blue and White Porcelain
The statistics made in this book may be disregarded by scholars, but in fact it is the truth of the proof of objects unearthed and handed down from the world.Without the study of the object itself, no conclusion is reliable.
This is an alternative study of the Yuanqing porcelain, whether it can solve the riddle of numerous Yuanqing porcelain, but also need more physical support and theoretical exploration.
From the initial rejection of the elephant’s earbottle to the standard, from the sky-high price of the goblin millet, to the controversy over the age of the plum vase under Xiao He-yue, to the debate over the market and the price of the ivy chinaware from the sea, The owner of the unearthed blue-and-white porcelain was traced back to… What are the topics worth exploring in these debates about the authenticity of the Yuanqing porcelain?
Some folk collectors resent that this is a dispute between economic interests and discourse rights, because who has the right to speak, who can take control of the Yuan blue and white porcelain true and false power of life and death.Some so-called “experts” tend to judge the life and death of folk collections.They also resent handing over such authentication rights to foreigners, and they are even more disgusted at the price and packaging of the collection to verify the authenticity of the porcelain.Sadly, at a recent symposium on folk blue-and-white porcelain, the organizers also solemnly announced two items:
Please note that a detail———————————————————————————————- !
There is another important reason: all the exhibits must be made known to four experts in Iran and Mongolia.
So, this is a bottom line that can’t be crossed.
In fact, the above two, or return to the old road, one of the packaging as one of the criteria for the authenticity of porcelain;Second, give the right to speak to foreigners.
Some argue that the debate over authenticity is the rejection of the small circle of individuals in the Wenbo system, some believe that it is used to sell fake products by people who collect imitations of Yuanhua porcelain, and some think that some so-called folk researchers are trying to be famous for it.Beyond the notion of the opposing sides, which we already know well, we might be able to safely draw conclusions by interpreting these outlandish phenomena from the perspective of cultural anthropology.
After all, this is a debate about cultural identity and communication.
The unearthed and recognized private collections (such as the Hong Kong Tianmin Tower) of Yuanqing porcelain, which we are now seeing, have been strengthened through the market or by the authority of the Yuanqing porcelain, which has been interpreted as the standard of Yuanqing porcelain.However, the richness, complexity and uniqueness of Yuanqing porcelain lies in that, whether in the Yuan Dynasty or in the modern times, even in the Ming and Qing dynasties, which are not known to people, it has faced the fate of being respected, misread, praised and distorted.Especially some of the domestic ceramic academic authorities, inThe British and American Popper, after studying it, are eager to establish their own authority in theory.For a long time, the promotion and deification of Yuanqing porcelain monopolized the imagination and description of Yuanqing porcelain in almost all the ways of communication. Therefore, our understanding of Yuanqing porcelain, generally speaking, Only by filtering the facts and opinions given to us by the mainstream ideology of Wenbo, which is controlled by the authority, directly affects the appearance of Yuanqing porcelain in our hearts, and influences the public’s understanding of Yuanqinghua porcelain.
However, with the continuous excavation of the Yuan blue and white porcelain, in recent years there has been a new situation of overcorrection, some keen to subvert the historical conclusions like to do a lot of Yuan blue and white porcelain lovers, often like to do amazing theory, a piece of Yuan blue and white porcelain pushed to the front desk.Their so-called discoveries not only give enough information to the masses, but also give them enough confusion.In this way, on the one hand, people’s imagination of the Yuan blue and white porcelain is likely to be far from the truth of the Yuan blue and white porcelain, on the other hand, people’s desire to seek the truth of the Yuan blue and white porcelain is bound to become stronger and stronger.
Over and over again at the Yuanqing China Symposium, you sang that I was on the stage again and again, did not communicate with each other, do not listen to each other, the mainstream literary and cultural circles did not invite the people of the public to participate in their own seminars, do not want to participate in unofficial seminars, for fear of being laughed at by the industry.Folkloric collectors try their best to invite people from the mainstream literary and art circles to attend the conference, and once experts from a certain system attend the conference, they will be honored as the guest of honor.We have a collection of papers from various versions of the Yuanqing China Symposium. Everyone wants to be recognized by the society, everyone wants to be recognized by the people, and maybe no one can convince anyone now.In the general public, may all agree with the mainstream opinion, but in the collection public, may prefer the non-mainstream opinion, this kind of cultural identity in the mutually exclusive, is the main reason leading to the Yuanqing porcelain research stagnation.
This rejection of cultural identity is strongly reflected in the process of cultural dissemination, and both opposing parties are striving for the media’s intervention.The openness of modern social media increases the complexity and eerie in the process of cultural transmission.And both sides of the controversy have media participation, even in this should be purely academic debate, the emergence of “hook fish law enforcement” ridiculous things.
The so-called “fishing law enforcement”, that is, some journalists, they think that the fake cultural relics, bought in the market, to them do not recognize the expert identification, if experts believe that it is true, they will be exposed through the media and question the expert’s qualifications.We do not discuss the authenticity of cultural relics in such events, nor the qualifications of these experts, nor do we judge the twists and turns of these events, and we would like to say that such events themselves are excellent examples of cultural identity and communication.
First of all, “fake cultural relics” buyers, they have a very clear cultural identity, that is, the market to buy” cultural relics” is basically fake, especially low-priced purchase of “cultural relics” must be false;
Second, if he wants to spread this identity to the public, he needs a news event to spread his identity, so that the public can identify with the individual’s identity through this event.Once the “experts” really identify with the antiques they offer as real artifacts, news events can be created and the media allows the public to identify with their disapproval of the” experts”.
This approach to cultural communication and cultural identity through the creation of news events is essentially the operation of the west man’s idea that “dogs bite people is not news, people bite dogs is news”.Such incidents have caused legal disputes more than once.
In the case of such cultural identity, television is more powerful, more effective and more dynamic than paper media, which can be said to “win the world by television”.Some TV “treasure-watching programs” are recognized by ordinary audiences because the audience is almost passively accepted in the course of the transmission of the media, and some people who are influenced by the remote control are the most easily received in the process of TV transmission. Unconsciously and passively identify with the “facts” and conclusions that television transmits.
The proposition of cultural identity and cultural dissemination is perhaps the biggest mystery in the study of Yuanqing Flower.
In the research of Yuanqing porcelain, we do not want the cultural identity of “fishing law enforcement” to appear in the process of cultural dissemination.Unfortunately, this kind of phenomenon has become one of the most popular methods among the researchers of the Yuan Dynasty.
Academic is academic, and no other way is conducive to academic progress.Truth is not made by news. Truth is what it really is. It can only be given to those who really climb the path of science.Only by communication to obtain cultural identity, can only control a moment of public opinion, but not the truth!