Collect the world: Ming blue and white porcelain appreciation
The blue-and-white porcelain of the Ming Dynasty had a far-reaching influence on Chinese blue-and-white porcelain.Blue and white porcelain painting with traditional brush, with various lines and dots, rendering to complete the drawing.
The Ming Dynasty lasted 17 years (1628-1644), because of the frequent wars and the decline of the state, the official kilns in Jingdezhen were basically stopped burning, but the production of the kilns still flourished.From the history of porcelain making in Ming and Qing Dynasties, Chongzhen Qinghua was in the turning point from the later period of Wanli to the early period of Kangxi of Qing Dynasty.
Ornamental kiln ware less, many of the civilian kiln fired.The color and lustre of the blue-blue flowers are bright and bright, and there is also a kind with greater degree of ash in the blue. The craft is obviously rough compared with the early Ming Dynasty, and the decoration is painted with the method of painting. There are blue-black or gray flowers, and at the same time there are thick and light mixed water, with distinct layers. Green color for the Qing Dynasty color transition of the fresh tone.The modelling has plum bottle, furnace, pot, pot, pot, flower wine, water purification bowl, dish, bowl, cup and so on.
The body of the fetus is usually thick and thick, and the quality of the loose and firm coexist.Its fine works, thin body light, light painting, such as the Song painting white drawing, such as the book “tomorrow to open the first year of Meng Xia Yue Zuo” painting eight immortal characters of the Long Niu Zhong and the official kiln painting bamboo small cup, is the fine works of late Ming Dynasty.Using Zhejiang materials to draw the blue-and-white pots with bright and deep colors, starting with the method of shading and changing the dense style of the Wanli period, with a wide range of decorative features, both characters such as Damo, Rohan, and animals such as tiger, ox, reed goose, fish, shrimp, but also a large-scale freehand landscape, With bold and bold exaggeration of the characteristics of freehand painting.Japanese ceramic scholars call this kind of work “ancient dye pay”, belongs to the export goods, there is a Japanese ceramic style.
The color of the blue and white is made of Zhejiang and gravel.Zhejiang material is stable and bright green with good color.Most of the stone green tone dim, there are faint scattered, fainting serious impact on the decoration, resulting in the pattern lines confused, at this time of blue vase, pot, furnace, inkstone, plate, bowl, always visible.Blue and white flower faint, have the defect phenomenon of leakage glaze.Some of the thick band has black-brown spots, but different from the Yuan Dynasty, the early Ming color, black spots do not penetrate into the fetal bones, feel no bumpy situation.
The blue-and-white porcelain of this period was decorated with dark flowers, and in the mouth of some cutters, the underglaze part of the foot was undercut.In painting, often in the mouth of objects, the foot painted banana leaf patterns, landscape figure patterns painted more than the sun, cloud mostly painted into parentheses clouds, grass lines multi-thin lines drawn into a small hook-shaped, multi-screen matching with poetry, in the poem next to a copy of calligraphy and painting of the seal, there are square or round, This was obviously influenced by the calligraphy and painting of the time.
The painting technique adopts the traditional single-line flat coating and light tracing method, with single-line flat painting as the main method, and the lines are smooth;The lines of light-painted blue and white are scrawled, the pen is weak and hasty.Chongzhen Dynasty created a similar Chinese painting in the light ink color of the use of ink pen, the picture is very poetic, has been affected to the beginning of the Qing Dynasty, the composition of the layout is basically similar to the Tianqi Dynasty, the content of the painting-based, a large number of deformation, exaggeration or simple writing techniques, the picture is bold and unrestrained.
The decoration subject matter is extensive, the content is rich.How rich is the meaning of the pattern decoration.Landscape painting is the most common theme of this period, the content is very life-like, painting meaning has the charm of the late Ming Dynasty Chinese painting, the picture is more than ancient poetry, thatched hut, grass pavilion, boat bridge, fishing, woodcutter, kao shi, scholars, scholars love chrysanthemum, Dunyi love lotus, bamboo forest seven Xian, Tang monk take scriptures and so on.The traditional subjects are: dragon pattern, phoenix and bird pattern, phoenix pattern, unicorn pattern, lion peony pattern, flat chi pattern, tiger pattern, ox pattern, horse pattern, crane pattern, fish pattern, rabbit pattern, pine deer wasp monkey pattern, aquamarine pattern, mandarin duck lotus pattern, pine bamboo plum pattern, grape pattern, folded branch flower pattern, tangled branch flower pattern, and twined flower pattern, The baby plays the pattern, the arrowhead pattern, the Dao horse figure pattern, the Fushan Shouhai grain, the ganoderma lucidum totem the treasure grain, the belt embroidering ball pattern, eight immortal, the drooping willow, the moon shadow, the Bo Gu and so on.
Chongzhen blue-and-white porcelain on this year’s number is not much, there are a large number of Jiyu, Tang, Zhai, variant seal and window format inscriptions are also common.In addition occasionally see official writing inscriptions.
The contents of the inscription include: blessing, longevity, kindness, nobility, elegance, wealth and beauty, fine quality, jade hall and so on.Zhai Tang money is often written in the heart of the bowl, such as Xiang Feng Tang, Yu Si Tang, Bo Gu Zhai, Yu Xiangzhai, turquoise residence, bowl bottom common white jade, Yiyao, pieces of jade and silver ingots, Fang Sheng, rabbits and so on.
The imitation money has imitated Yongle, Xuande, Chenghua, Jiajing, Wanli and so on.Imitation of Yongle porcelain, see the Qing Hua Kaishu “Yongle year’s” Qi Bi Fu” poetry bowl. Simulated Xuande year, mostly “Daming Xuande year” two-line blue-and-white base. Surrounded by a double circle, the same form of “Daming Xuande created” is relatively rare