Palace Museum Blue and White Porcelain Appreciation (on)
blue-and-white Kirin plateThe height is 6.5 cm, the diameter is 34.5 cm and the foot diameter is 22.2 cm.
Disk mouth, arc wall, circle foot.Sand bottom does not have glaze, have brown spot, commonly known as” paste rice bottom “.The plate is decorated with two strings, and the core of the two coils of blue and white are painted with two unicorns and a cloud.The outer wall of the disk is painted with the head and tail of the unicorn, between the clouds.Outside the mouth along the regular script, “Daming into a year,” the six-character money.
The porcelain craft of Ming Dynasty developed into the period of Chenghua to pursue the exquisite and elegant fashion.Chenghua porcelain shape delicate, thin glaze, fine painting style.The blue-and-white porcelain of this period can be divided into two stages: early blue-and-white and typical blue-and-white.The early blue-and-white porcelain style is similar to Xuande’s. The blue-and-white flowers used imported green materials and had black spots, but the production time was very short and the handed-down products were rare.The typical blue-and-white porcelain made in China, because of the use of equal blue-and-white materials, light color without black spots, blue-and-white color more beautiful and bright.Most of them are small pieces of cups, plates, bowls, dishes, pots and so on.This Kirin pattern plate type large and beautiful, fine glaze, decorative stretch unrestrained, for the formation of the blue and white vessels of the typical work, is a rare heritage treasures.
blue-and-white sea water bowl with dragon patternThe height is 7.8 cm, the diameter is 17.2 cm and the foot diameter is 7 cm.
The bowl is open, and the circle is full.The outer mouth draws the money pattern a week, the outer abdomen sea water ground draws the different form 9 dragons.The bowl heart double circle interior decoration sea water dragon grain, the base book blue and white double circle inside regular script “big bright becomes a new year” six words.
The composition of this device is vivid, the abdomen is lightly painted with sea water, and the picture of Kowloon is repainted. The shape is powerful and vivid, and the style is very attractive.Chenghua blue-and-white ware is famous for its elegant blue-and-white color. The blue-and-white ware sets off the vitality of Shenlong, which is a rare masterpiece in Chenghua’s blue-and-white porcelain.
blue-and-white rock and flower covered canThe height is 11.3 cm, the diameter is 7.9 cm and the foot diameter is 10.3 cm.
Canister straight mouth, round shoulder, abundant bottom, circle foot.With straight mouth, flat top, no button round cover.The shape is round and beautiful, the body is light and light, the glaze is white, the blue and white color is elegant and even.Outer wall decoration Polygonum, dandelion, wild chrysanthemum pattern, upper embellish butterfly 2, under decorate slope tuo shallow grass, with hole stone banana leaves, show “nine autumn butterfly” wonderful interest, lively and natural.Canister bottom green flower double circle inside regular script “big bright becomes a year” six words money.
This pot is the representative work of the blue-and-white ware. It has light-colored glaze, clean and flawless, like tallow jade.The decorative lines are slender and soft, elegant and elegant, which was influenced by the aesthetic taste of the court at that time.Porcelain painting in the space treatment of proper, bright and elegant, full of fresh and elegant artistic effect, is a few of the world’s top-of-the-line blue-and-white pot.
Qing Hua Sanskrit Cup,4 cm tall,7 cm in diameter,3 cm in foot diameter
Cup shallow open, obliquity, concave foot.Exterior ornament green flower string grain 2, abdomen writes Sanskrit with green material two weeks, two lines in the two sides of the bottom of the two column of the regular script “Da Ming Cheng Hua year” six words money.
Sanskrit from the Ming and Xuande period began to appear on the hat-pot, high-foot bowl and other artifacts, to the stage of more popular, most often in bowls, cups and other artifacts.This cup is small in shape, thin in embryo, smooth in glaze and pale in color. It is the representative work of Chenghua blue and white flowers.
blue-and-white twig-twining tripod furnace, height 9 cm, aperture 10 cm, foot distance 9.5 cm
The furnace is drum-shaped, straight belly, three-hoofed foot.The mouth and foot are decorated with one week’s tympanoplast, and the abdomen is covered with eight-treasure pattern.Two circles inside the bottom of the furnace in the middle of the blue and white script “da ming into a new year” six-character funds.
Three-foot furnace in the Song Dynasty Longquan kiln has been fired, the early Ming Longquan kiln continued, Jingdezhen kiln also fired.The volume of the three-foot furnace in Ming Dynasty and early Ming Dynasty decreased obviously, and the double drawing method of eight-treasure pattern on lotus had its special style.
blue-and-white scalloped foot bowlBright formation, height 5 cm, aperture 13.7 cm, foot diameter 6.9 cm
Bowl shallow, open, recumbent.The base glaze is white and smooth, the outside of the bowl is decorated with 2 lines of blue and white strings, the abdomen is painted with 6 patterns, the flower is drawn with blue and white double hook method, and the blue and white flowers are pale and elegant.Foot green flower double circle double line regular script “daming into a new year” six-character money.
Chenghua blue-and-white utensils to various kinds of small bowls, small cups, blue-and-white raw materials using home-made equal green, color and elegant, and white and small enamel and small shape matching, has become a fresh and elegant style.
blue-and-white twig-twined vase with melon rimsBrightness, height: 27.8 cm, aperture: 4.3 cm, foot diameter: 6.7 cm
The bottle is a 4-petal melon with a micro-turn in the mouth and a round convex edge in the middle of the long neck. The neck is divided into two parts: upper and lower parts, the shoulder is abundant, the abdomen is adducted, and the circle is out of the foot.White glaze on the bottom is not available.The neck has a total of three layers of embellishment, above the convex edge for the sea water lines, fold flower patterns, its underside for twining flowers, shoulder and foot edge decorated sea pomegranate a week, abdomen decorated with bauhinia patterns.
The shape of the melon ringed bottle in the Ming Dynasty was more elegant than that in Yongle Period, and it became shorter and thinner.In the period of Chenghua, there were fewer cutters, such as jars, jars, etc., and this kind of jars was more rare. This vase is the representative work of the time of Chenghua.
yellow-flowered fruit tray with broken branchesHeight: 4.6 cm, aperture: 26.1 cm
Disc mouth micro-turn, arc wall, heart slightly concave.Through the body of the blue and white yellow ground, its method is to first burn out the blue and white flower fruit plate, and then on the white glaze surface covered with yellow glaze, making the thick blue and white flowers and oil bright yellow glaze form a sharp contrast.In this disk, the heart-painted tree gardenia, the inner wall painted pomegranate, persimmon, grapes, lotus pattern, the outer wall has tangled flowers a week.Outside bottom white glaze blue and white double circle inside regular script “daming hongzhi year” six-character money.
The delicate yellow glaze appears at the beginning of the formation, but the quantity is small, and the outstanding achievement is achieved at Hongzhi. The utensils are mainly plate and bowl.Hongzhi imperial porcelain is most famous for its yellow glaze.This blue-and-white plate is a representative work, which is painted with yellow glaze to make the beautiful yellow and deep-coloured blue-and-white flowers meet each other.
Blue and white lotus pond swimming dragon pattern bowlHeight: 7cm, aperture: 16cm, foot diameter: 6cm
The bowl is skimmed, the bottom of the mouth is drawn, and the circle is full.In the mouth draw blue-and-white sea water pattern a week, the bowl heart draw lotus pond swimming dragon pattern.The outer wall draws two dragons to walk through the lotus pond, along with the dragon’s swimming, the lotus flower, the water grass also presents the dance shape.Foot green flower double circle double line regular script “daming hongzhi year” six-character money.
The lotus pond pattern has already appeared on the ceramic objects of Yuan Dynasty. In the early Ming Dynasty, Yongle and Xuande combined the lotus pond pattern with the dragon pattern, and inherited from Hongzhi, and became one of the most representative decorative subjects in this period.This bowl glaze white quality is moist, the pattern decoration line is slender and soft, the blue flower appears the blue to show the blue medium micro-belt gray, is Hongzhi blue flower has the representative artifact.
blue-and-white infant’s play bowl Height:13 cm, aperture: 22.1 cm, foot diameter: 7.5 cm
Bowl open, thin bottom, circle foot.In the middle of the garden, there are 20 baby games in the garden, and the space is lined with stone, bamboo, willow, parkway and so on.The foot exterior wall draws back the lines, the foot does not have the glaze to know.
According to the literature records, Zhengde Qinghua is produced by the Jiangxi Leping “Pitang Green”, also known as” Equal Green “, in the appropriate temperature can be fired soft, elegant, clear blue.
The modelling tone of this bowl, glaze color, decorative etc. all reflect the unique style characteristics of Zhengde celadon.The composition level is clear, the blue and white color is bright, the glaze is bright and smooth.This period’s figure painting still has Xuande, the Chenghua Dynasty’s legacy, the pen meaning is rich and the slender work is beautiful also has.The blue-and-white ware of Zhengde official kiln is in the transition stage of middle and late Ming Dynasty.
blue-and-white character boxHeight: 23.9 cm, aperture: 16.1 cm, foot diameter: 10.6 cm
The box is a cylindrical three-layer box with a flat top cover and a circle foot.The cover center draws 3 people to ride a horse, supplementary Yunshan pine pavilion, outside draws Ruyi cloud grain a week, the cover edge draws turtle back brocade pattern.On the box, the middle two layers each draws the lady, the courtyard, supplemented by the flower, the cirrus cloud and so on.The bottom and near feet were painted with tortoise back brocade and lotus leaf pattern for one week respectively.Nothing is known.
Although the painting method of the cloud-air pattern among the characters has the former dynasty, but from its blue-and-white color, the shape of objects, it reflects the characteristics of the blue-and-white objects in the Zhengde period.This box is a very rare case of Ming Dynasty. It is well-shaped and well-preserved.
Green flowers twined with twigs and flowersHeight: 21.7 cm, aperture: 15.3 cm, foot diameter: 10.6 cm
Respecting mouth, long neck, round abdomen, round foot outside turn, neck, abdomen, feet side respectively out of halberd.The inner mouth is painted with banana leaf pattern, the outer neck and abdomen are painted with peony, the foot is decorated with deformed bat pattern, the middle is decorated with Ruyi cloud head pattern, the bottom is petal pattern of tangled branch.
From the mid-Ming to the Wanli period, the quantity of burning was greatly increased, and the shape change was also the most obvious.
blue-and-white Arabic candlestickMingzheng De, height 24.6 cm, aperture 6.7 cm, foot diameter 13 cm
The candlestick is divided up and down two layers, the upper tray is small and shallow, the lower bearing is slender prop, the lower tray is open, the bottom is folded, and the lower plate is bell-shaped.The outer wall of the small tray is painted with Ruyi cloud head pattern for a week, the outer wall of the large tray is decorated with double-hook flower branches pattern, and the interiors are decorated with diamond pattern.The middle of the support and the foot wall are decorated with round open light in Arabic. The outer surface of the opening light is double hook pattern and diamond pattern, and the outer upper and lower edge are decorated with bead pattern and Ruyi cloud pattern respectively.Disk bottom blue and white double-line regular script “Daming Zhengde year” six-character money.
In the early Ming Dynasty, Sanskrit and Arabic were often used to decorate porcelain, and Arabic was more popular in the Zhengde period.Sometimes the content is no longer important, a considerable part of the text has been unable to explain the original meaning, but only as decorative patterns.
blue-and-white dragon pattern square cover canMing Jia Jing, through 15.5cm, diameter 4.8cm, foot diameter 5.4cm
The jar is square with a lid.Cover decoration Ruyi moire, pot neck decoration back lines, the shoulder for banana leaf pattern, the abdomen four sides are painted double cloud dragon pattern, the foot edge for deformation lotus leaf pattern.The two sides of the book “Daming Jiajing year” double-line six-character regular script.
The manufacture technology of square ware is more difficult than round ware, and the ware is easy to deform, while there are many square objects in Jiajing period, such as square bottle, square pot, square plate, square cup, etc., which reflect the technical level of the forming of the ware in Jiajing period.This four-square canister is the representative work of the Ming and Jiajing period.
blue-and-white vase with bird-and-flower patternHeight: 44cm, aperture: 6.5 cm, foot diameter: 13.8cm
Bottle small mouth, flat shoulder, the body is longer, circle out of foot.The bottle mouth is decorated with a string grain, the neck is decorated with banana leaf pattern, the shoulder is Ruyi cloud grain a week, the cloud head is separated with the flower of the ruyi cloud pattern inside draw fold branch.The abdomen draws the flower bird grass insect and so on grain decoration.Nearfoot drawing of entwined lotus and deformed lotus petal each week.At the bottom of the blue-and-white square column of the book “rich long spring” four-character auspicious words.
Ming Jiajing, Wanli period of the plum bottle is generally higher than the earlier period, the body gradually larger.The auspicious phrase is one of the main characteristics of Meiping in Jiajing period.
blue-and-white double dragon covered canHeight: 54.2 cm, aperture: 25.2 cm, bottom diameter:30 cm
The jar is open, the shoulder is slant, the underside of the shoulder is converging, the bottom is flat.The cover is raised with a bead-shaped button.In the jar, the light element has no grain, the outer blue and white decoration.The shoulder draws tangled branch lotus grain, the abdomen draws double line dragon, the disk longevity character and the sea water flower cloud grain decoration, near the bottom draws the cloud grain.Cover with paintings of exotic animals, tangled branches and cloud head patterns.The outside of the jar runs a six-character line along the regular script “Daming Jiajing year”.
This jar shape is magnificent, the composition is dense and rigorous, the structure is clear, the theme is outstanding.According to the documents, the blue-and-white porcelain of this period was described with the color of blue and blue, a little purple-red, with distinct characteristics of the times.
blue-and-white three-lamb bowlMing Jia Jing, height 10.5cm, aperture 16.3cm, foot diameter 5.5 cm, Forbidden City old collection
This bowl is a palace porcelain which was made by Jingdezhen Imperial Kiln Factory in Jiajing of Ming Dynasty.The bowl is a bell-shaped, both inside and outside are decorated with blue and white flowers.Bowl-heart painting Kirin, with pine, stone, flowers and plants.In the bowl near the mouth along the draw brocade lines.The outside wall draws the three sheep with different appearance, a sheep front stands, a sheep side makes walks the shape, a sheep looks back to see.Three sheep lined with pine, bamboo, plum and willow, banana.Foreign Department Green Flower “Daming Jiajing year” six-character double-line money, the outer double circle.
The bowl is painted with white glaze, bright green, blue and white hair color is strong and gorgeous, when the use of green material is the prevailing “Hui Qing” in the Jiajing Dynasty.The painting of the three sheep pattern for the auspicious pattern, meaning “three sheep Kaitai.””Sanyang Kaitai” homophonic “Sanyang Kaitai”, “Sanyang Kaitai” is intended to “Zhouyi” of the “Tai” hexagram, is the most auspicious one, is to start with Sanyang Yao, like for, its meaning is auspicious, is because of its meaning “heaven and earth and all kinds of pass, up and down to meet the same.”
Acanthopagrus argenteus30 cm through height, 10.5 cm in diameter and 15.3 cm in foot diameter
The ampulla is short neck, round shoulder, tympanum, circle foot, meander, handle.The neck draws the blue and white cross cloud, the shoulder draws the double cloud dragon, the main body pattern is the abdomen five group dragon grain, the pattern decoration gap place has the Lingzhi grass to support the dark eight immortals pattern, the foot draws the lotus valve pattern a week.Bauzhu button cover, on the button painted twined flowers and leaves, cover face with double clouds and cloud moire.The curved flow and the handle of the lifting beam are covered with winding flowers.Under the blue-and-white double circle inside the script “Daming Longqing Year made” six-character funds.This pot is large in shape, thick in shape and full in shape.The base glaze is bright and clean, using the blue material, blue color in the purple, rich and bright.Although the pattern is dense, but complex and not messy, the level is clear.This instrument represents the production level of the green flowers in the official kilns in the middle and late Ming Dynasty.
At that time, the blue and white pattern in addition to the dragon patterns, there are also groups of cranes, chi tuan, tuanfeng, tuanhua, mountain rocks, fish algae, flowers and birds are also common.Muzong Longqing only six years, blue-and-white porcelain products less.It is one of the only treasures left in China at present, with the understanding of Longqing dynasty.
Minglongqing blue and white dragon and phoenix pattern boxHeight: 15.3 cm, aperture: 20.9 cm, foot diameter: 19.2 cm
Box flat round, box cover flat roof micro-bulge, child mother mouth, circle foot.The cover is painted with a blue-and-white dragon-and-phoenix cutting pattern.Cover, box outer wall also painted dragon and phoenix through the branch pattern, cover, box mouth along the drawing roll grass pattern, up and down echo, between each group of patterns with two strings between the lines.The “Daming Longqing New Year” in the double circles of the foot, the “creation” and “not book” system in the Longqing period, has become an obvious feature of the times.
The reign of Emperor Longqing of Ming Dynasty was short, only six years, during which there was another flood, so the production of Guanyao was relatively small.Today, the world-wide observation, its products to blue flowers, multicolored-based, but various shapes, rich changes, the only box of the shape will have four square, square, eight and silver ingot, dish type, melon edge style, and so on, novel, and make fine, unique style.
This box is simple and generous in shape, with strong and gorgeous colors, intricate decorative, ornamental and practical.
blue-and-white dragon pattern plum vaseHeight: 43cm, aperture: 6.7cm, foot diameter: 15cm
The bottle has a short neck and a short shoulder, and the bottom of the bottle is gradually under the shoulder.Blue and white embellishment of the body.The shoulder draws deformation ganoderma lucidum and lotus petal grain a week.The bottle body draws two dragons to wear the tangled branch pattern, near the bottom also draws the deformation ganoderma lucidum, lotus leaf pattern a week, the bottle shoulder has the blue and white pattern book “Daming Wanli year” to run the six-character money.
The blue-and-white porcelain ware type in Ming Wanli is rich and varied, and the style of making large-scale ware is very popular.At that time, the highest blue-and-white plum vase can reach more than 60 cm.The shape is mostly skimming mouth or small straight mouth, long neck, hard folded shoulder, long and slender abdomen gradually.The decoration is also very diverse, there are Yunlong, twining flowers, characters and other patterns.This bottle type tall and neat, glaze moist, blue-and-purple color, is the representative of the great blue-and-white ware of the Wanli.