Palace Museum Blue and White Porcelain Appreciation (Under)
Green Squirrel Grape BowlQingguang xu, height 11.5cm, aperture 22.5cm, foot diameter 8.9cm
Bowl cut mouth, deep arc abdomen, circle foot.White glaze is applied both inside and outside the bowl and inside the sole.Light in the bowl.The outer wall draws the green flower squirrel grape grain, the grape branch leaves is luxuriant, the squirrel goes through it.Six-character double-line fund of “Daqing Guangxu year” written by Green Flower, Department of Foreign Affairs.
blue-and-white bamboos with bamboo and plum grain bowlQingxuan series, height 7 cm, aperture 13 cm, foot diameter 5 cm
The mouth of the bowl was flabby, with its belly curving and feet circling.White glaze, blue and white hair color, bowl mouth along the inside and outside and full wall are decorated with blue and white double ring line.The bowl heart draws the cloud grain, the outer wall full draws the pine bamboo plum grain.Foreign department green flower “xuantong year of the qing dynasty” double line six-character script.
Pine, bamboo and plum respectively symbolize evergreen is not old, gentleman way and ice flesh jade bone, these three kinds of plants do not fear the severe winter, hence the name “old cold three friends”, is one of the typical patterns of porcelain decoration.
blue-and-white phoenix-in-flower potHeight: 23.5 cm, aperture: 4.7 cm, foot diameter: 7.3 cm, abdominal diameter:13 cm
The ampulla is straight-mouthed, the underside of the mouth is gradually expanded, the neck is thick, the abdomen is drooping, the abdomen is introverted, the circle foot is slightly outward.On one side of the abdomen, there is a long meandering flow with thin and thick underside, and on the other side there is a Ruyi-shaped handle with a small series on the upper end of the handle.A flat top, bead knob.White glaze on the bottom makes no sense.Dramatic to the cloud, handle silver ingots, such as baochai decorative, painted chrysanthemum petal pattern.The body is covered with blue-and-white glaze with blue-and-white patterns. Both sides of the abdomen are painted with phoenix-twined flower patterns, and between them are fireball clouds and bamboo-and-stone patterns.
This pot is full of body pattern, but the main pattern is prominent, complex and not chaotic.The use of blue-and-white material juice deep in the fetal bone, color and bright, the Yuan Dynasty blue-and-white porcelain is a rare work of pure color.
blue-and-white glaze with red engravings and carved tinThickness:41 cm, aperture: 15.5 cm, foot diameter: 18.5 cm
Can straight mouth, short neck, shoulder, drum belly, circle foot, sand bottom without glaze.The body is thin and thick, the quality of the fetus is fine, the color of blue and white is bright, and the red in the glaze is a little dark.A lion’s button cover.
The top of the jar cover is made of lion’s button, and the bottom of the button is painted with blue and blue flower lotus, rolling grass and back lines for a week.Can body, mouth along the painted blue and white twine pattern, each week.The shoulders are decorated with pendant cloud head pattern, the cloud pattern is painted with blue and white lotus with water ripple, and the cloud head pattern is separated by broken tree peony pattern.The abdomen four sides pile up plastic double hook diamond open light, inside engrave carved mountain stone, peony and so on four seasons garden scenery, among them glaze inside red to draw mountain stone, flower and so on, blue and white to paint the flower leaf, the pattern decoration has the relief effect.The underside of the abdomen is decorated with a wreath of lotus flowers, corresponding to the figure of the head of the cloud.The bottom of the abdomen is decorated with curly grass grain and deformed lotus-petal pattern. The lotus-petal pattern is painted with inverted flower pattern.The tank type is plump and full, the decorative layer is distinct, the comprehensive drawing, the carving, the plastic, the paste and so on many kinds of techniques.Green flowers, glaze red each other for the background, red, blue each other.
The blue-and-white red porcelain in the glaze was burnt in the Yuan Dynasty.The colorant of blue and white is cobalt oxide, which is stable in color.The color of red in glaze is copper oxide, which is very volatile. The firing atmosphere of kiln is very strict.The craftsmen of Jingdezhen in Yuan Dynasty creatively applied the two together on the same utensil.The appearance of this new underglaze color variety is an important symbol of the technical progress of porcelain production in the Yuan Dynasty.
This pot was unearthed in 1965 in the Yuan Dynasty in Baoding City, Hebei Province. It is one of the approximate two pieces, is the treasure of Yuan porcelain.
Steamed Plum Plantain with Prunus HerbHigh 7.9 cm, diameter 46.1 cm, foot diameter 26.1 cm
Fold the edge, rhomboid mouth, disk flat, circle foot.The body is covered with green and white glaze, and the base material has no glaze.Inside and outside the plate painted blue-and-white decorative multi-layer.The mouth is decorated with a circle of curly grass grain, the inside wall of green flower net grain on the ground protrudes white tangled branch peony 6, the center edge ring with curly grass grain a week, the central green flower ground is baked Kirin, Xiang Feng each one, the space is lined with white lotus and cloud grain.The outer wall of the disk is 6 lotus flowers with twining branches.The composition of the whole instrument is strict.
The decoration of the blue-and-white porcelain in Yuan Dynasty has two forms: one is white as the ground, the other is blue as the flower, and it is painted directly on the white matrix with the blue-and-white raw material.The other is green flowers for the ground, with the blue and green background against the white pattern.The blue-and-white flower pattern plate is the representative work of the blue-ground white flower instrument, which shows a completely different artistic effect from the white-ground blue-flower device.This kind of instrument is very rare, rare, rare and rare.
Green sea water, white dragon pattern, plum vase.Height: 46.1cm, aperture: 6.2cm, foot diameter: 13.4cm
Plum bottle thick fetal bone, small mouth flat, short neck.The bottle is slender and has eight edges.Shoulder decoration, the next week big ruyi cloud head pattern, painting phoenix or kylin through the peony pattern, bottle in the middle of a week painted 4 white dragon, lined with blue and white sea water and flame lines, near foot decorated with a week Ruyi cloud head pattern, inside painted peony leaves.
The sutra says that the mandala begins in the east, ends in the northwest, and is always in all directions, meaning that the dharma is spread all over the surrounding area.Yuan court worship of the Buddha, this instrument, and dragon patterns for decoration, meaning that the emperor Weiga the world.
This is the Yuan Dynasty porcelain in the large-scale wine, fine and white fetal bones, glaze moisture transparent, green color and bright.The blue-and-white porcelain of Yuan Dynasty has a large and plump shape, rich and rich patterns, and its composition is strict. It has changed the tradition of the simple pattern layout of porcelain pattern since Tang and Song Dynasty, and the detailed description and the complicated level have formed the artistic style of flowers and flowers.The large blue-and-white cloud-head patterns on the shoulders and near feet of the instruments draw on the patterns of the silk shawls of the Yuan Dynasty.
blue-and-white mandarin duck lotus pattern plateHeight 7.3 cm, diameter 46.4 cm, foot diameter 29.8 cm
Fold along,16 pieces of rhombus mouth, disk flat, circle foot.Disk inside, outside apply bright blue glaze, base element embryo does not have glaze.Inside and outside the plate painted blue-and-white decoration.The inner side is surrounded by a pattern.The inner wall is strung with flowers for a week, with six peonies intertwined on the zigzag stems.Pan-heart painting mandarin duck play lotus theme decoration, and Tilian vertical ring set, a pair of mandarin duck play in the meantime.The outer wall of the disk is also surrounded by a series of peonies, corresponding to the pattern of the inner wall.
The shape of this device is elegant and neat, typical plate for the Yuan Dynasty.Its painting is exquisite, the pattern composition is strict, with multi-layer banded auxiliary pattern sets off the theme pattern, each layer pattern is separated by the blue and white double circle line, the decoration is full but the main and the second is clear.Blue and white color is gorgeous, use imported Su Niebo green material.This disc is the essence of the blue-and-white porcelain of Jingdezhen kiln in the late Yuan Dynasty.
Jingdezhen kiln blue-and-white peony potElement, height 27.5 cm, aperture 20.4 cm, foot diameter 19 cm
Can straight mouth, short neck, round shoulder, closed abdomen, shallow circle foot, sand bottom.The outer wall is decorated with blue and white glaze.The mouth is a twining flower, the shoulder is a twining lotus, the abdomen is a panoramic painting twining a peony, near the foot is a lotus leaf pattern.
This blue-and-white jar has a bright tone and smooth brush. It is divided by two strings in each layer, which not only highlights the theme, but also increases the level of the picture.The full and solemn shape of this pot is a typical work of blue-and-white porcelain in the Yuan Dynasty.
Yuxi kiln, blue and white, jade jug, spring vaseElement, height: 25.6 cm, aperture: 6.7 cm, foot diameter: 9.5 cm
The bottle has a thin neck, a drooping abdomen, and a circle of feet.General application of green yellow glaze, the outer wall with green flowers painted banana leaves, lotus, fish algae patterns.
This spring vase of jade jug in Yuxi kiln was unearthed in 1973 from the cremation tomb of Yuan Dynasty in Lufeng, Yunnan Province.The blue-and-white style of Yuxi kiln in Yuan Dynasty is obviously different from that of Jingdezhen. The blue-and-white ware in Yuxi kiln has a very strong texture, such as loose foetus, yellow glaze, gray blue-and-white color and grey color.Although the blue-and-white color of this bottle is not as good as that of Jingdezhen, but the painting techniques are natural and smooth, and a few of the soon-to-be-decorated paintings are vivid, with a certain lively artistic effect, fully reflects the Yuan Dynasty, China’s frontier areas of porcelain manufacturing superior technical level and exquisite techniques.
Acanthopagrus argenteusHeight: 27.8 cm, aperture: 7.7 cm, foot diameter: 11.7 cm
The pot has a long flow on one side, a cross piece on the neck and shoulder, and a crank on the other side, between the neck and the abdomen.Through the body blue and white decoration: the mouth is decorated with back lines, and then for banana leaf lines, back lines, twining lines, Ganoderma lucidum lines for a week, the abdomen decorated with crested chrysanthemum and peony lines;Near foot decoration deformation banana leaf pattern, flow and stem are painted twining flower pattern.The pot has a series, the tie-line painted twine pattern.
This is Hongwu blue-and-white porcelain in the good work, beautiful shape, decorative layout complex, detailed description.
blue-and-white twining basinHigh 13.9 cm, diameter 31.6 cm, bottom diameter 21.5 cm
Balloon fold along, abdomen perpendicular, flat-bottomed tire.Green flowers adorn the interior and exterior.In the basin, a week is drawn along the branches,7 flowers are painted on the inner wall, and a week is painted on the bottom of the basin. Eight flowers are painted on the back, and the petals are shaped with banana leaves, and the eight immortals are painted in the inside.The basin outside the edge draws the fold branch flower 8, the outer wall draws entwined branch flower 7, the bottom edge draws the deformation flower pattern a week.
This basin blue-and-white color, there is a halo phenomenon, due to Su Niebo green material.The decoration is vivid and well-organized. It is a new type of instrument which was burned by the influence of the gold and silver ware of Western Asian countries in Yongle period.
blue-and-white hand cupHigh 4.9 cm, aperture 9.2 cm, foot diameter 3.9 cm
The press cup is a new type of porcelain cup created by Jingdezhen Imperial Kiln Factory in Yongle Period of Ming Dynasty.The cup body is like a small bowl, the mouth is slightly turned, straight wall, abundant bottom, circle foot.This cup is made of fine, simple and thick shape.Both inside and outside are painted with blue-and-white patterns, with deep turquoise hues.There is a sunflower in the heart of the cup, the flower center of the seal book “Yongle year” four-character money.The outer wall mouth draws a week along below the plum, the abdomen decorates the branch lotus pattern.The hand cup is characterized by the thick weight of the fetus, the center of gravity at the bottom of the cup, the mouth edge slightly out, holding the cup, positive pressure in the mouth of the tiger hand, giving people a sense of a sedate fit, so there is a “hand cup” said.
The blue-and-white hand-pressing cup of Ming Dynasty porcelain is a kind of material object which can be proved by literature records and has important historical research value.The cup is especially mentioned in the book of “The Natural History of China” written by the Ming Dynasty’s Gu Yingtai: “Yongle Year’s Compressed Hand Cup, Tankou, Bending Waist, Sanding Foot.” The center draws a double lion ball, inside the ball seal book ‘big Ming Yongle year’ six words or four words, as fine as rice, this is the top quality, mandarin duck heart of the second, flower heart of the second also. Outside the cup green deep green, the style is exquisite, handed down for a long time, the price is very high. “In the collection of the Palace Museum,” There are two lion hydrangea inside the book of the year and the flower heart of the book of the year of the pressure cup, another cup for the mandarin duck lying lotus pattern, is a copy of the Wanli period.This exquisite and elegant with the Yongle style of the hand cup, according to the information currently available, only the Palace Museum collection of three.
blue-and-white dragon plateHeight 3.1 cm, aperture 19.4 cm, foot diameter 11.7 cm
Disk mouth, arc wall, circle foot.The inner wall of the disk is intersected with the inner bottom.Inside the bottom of the three hidden moire, in the form of “pin” shape arrangement.The inner wall is embossed with clouds and dragons.The outer wall is painted with blue and white clouds and dragons.White glaze is applied to the feet, but no knowledge is found.
The thin body of this plate light, beautiful shape, blue-and-white hair color gorgeous, the painting of the dragon brush touch delicate, vivid and vivid.Intraplate printing and pattern-marking have inherited the practice of Yuan Dynasty and Ming Hongwu porcelain, reflecting the relationship between Jingdezhen kiln porcelain from Yuan Dynasty to Ming Yongle Dynasty.
Blue and white bamboo and stone jade pot, spring vase with banana pattern.Height: 32.8 cm, aperture: 8.2 cm, foot diameter: 10.8 cm
The bottle had a thin neck, a thick belly, and rounded feet.Foot without glaze, without recognition.The clear body displays the bright blue and white glaze on the bright blue and white glaze with the rich color of the blue and white flowers.The bottle neck part draws three layers to decorate each week, the upper part is up the banana leaf pattern, the middle is twining the branch pattern, the lower part is sagging the cloud head pattern, near the foot draws up the deformation banana leaf grain one week to echo with it.The outer wall of the foot is trimmed with half a week’s lotus.Abdomen as the theme of the decoration: the use of realistic approach to describe a south of the courtyard of the landscape, the two exquisite lake stone straight handsome, standing on the stone of the bamboo branches slightly low, as if swaying in the wind, the fence inside and outside a lush day lily, orchid race to open, A lively scene, and four-year-old evergreen banana leaves for the picture has added a bit of southern color.Mountain stone, bamboo, banana leaves, day lily, orchids constitute a symbol of auspicious” five Ruitu map. ”
The shape of this bottle is beautiful and smooth, pure and delicate fetal quality, clear and vivid.The picture changes the decorative style of Yuan Qing Hua, the composition is sparse, the color of the green flower is bright and bright, the depth is different, full of layers and three-dimensional sense.The black spot in the picture resembles the halos in the ink-and-wash painting effect, is the Yongle blue and white prominent characteristic, this kind of natural formation color characteristic is extremely difficult to imitate, is inferior to the later imitation.Qing Kangxi, Yongzheng, Qianlong period, there are imitation Yongle blue and blue flowers bamboo and banana pattern jade pot spring bottle, but the shape of objects is not as soft and beautiful as Yongle beautiful and slightly bloated, the black spots in the picture is not natural firing, people for heavy pen point dyeing, and the original is far from the difference.
blue-and-white flower-and-fruit vaseHeight: 28.5 cm, aperture: 4.8 cm, foot diameter: 11.3 cm
Bottle small mouth round lips, short neck, shoulder, wide circle foot.A clear blue and white decoration.The shoulder draws the deformation lotus petal grain, the grain draws the flower inside.The bottle body draws the fold branch fruit, each size 3 branches, respectively for the pomegranate, the loquat, the cherry, the grape, the lychee, near the foot draws up the banana leaf grain one week, the vegetable base does not have the glaze.This vase is a palace ware made by Jingdezhen Imperial Kiln Factory in Yongle Period of Ming Dynasty. This kind of plum vase is rare and precious.
This plum-blossom vase is white in quality, fine in workmanship and skilled in blue-and-white painting.The cobalt material used in Yongle period is a kind of imported material called “Su Ma Li Qing”, with high iron content, strong green color and often iron rust defects.This bottle of green cobalt material is a typical import material, in the white tire against the background, covered under the glaze of green green lush, flowers and fruits covered with brown iron crystal spots, like a traditional ink painting, scattered natural.
Qing Yongzheng, Qianlong when the official kiln had copied this plum vase, modelling, glaze color is closer to the original, only the blue and white iron crystal spots are too uniform, clean, and Yongle blue and white natural faint style is different.
blue-and-white tangled lotus pattern castingHigh 14.7 cm, diameter 8 cm, foot diameter 4 cm
Flower pouring straight mouth, straight neck, shoulder, fat abdomen, foot concave, one side to the dragon as a handle, handle both ends of one end, one in the outer mouth, a handle tail.The body is painted with blue-and-white patterns, the edges of the mouth are painted with lotus patterns, the neck is painted with sea water, river cliffs and petal lines for a week, and the abdominal theme is decorated with lotus patterns for a week.
The color of this flower is bright, with black crystal spots.Its modelling style is imitated west west yellow copper pot implement.
blue-and-white twined flat potHeight: 54cm, aperture: 6.5cm
Pot small mouth, two ring ears, round body like a turtle.The back of the pot is plain and the center is recessed in a circle.The face of the pot protrudes.Glazed green and white, green flowers thick green, in-depth fetal bone, rust spots.On the front of the center of the protuberance painted eight-point brocade, to sea water Jiangya for the ground, the center of the surrounding for entanglement, the outer ring with sea water Jiangya.Pot neck protruding string lines, up and down painted twigs and sea water Jiangya a week.A pot-top dome.The cover is painted with four broken branches. The leaves are beautiful and smooth. The flowers are large and the leaves are small. The leaves are slender and toothed.
This pot, with exquisite patterns and unique styles, was a new type of vessel that was then made by the influence of Western Asian metal vessels.
blue-and-white double-eared gourd flat bottleMing Yong Le, height 25.2 cm, aperture 3.3 cm, foot diameter 6 cm
Bottle gourd type, muzzle, neck, round flat abdomen, shallow circle foot.There are two sections of gourd in the middle of Ruyi-shaped ears.The upper part of the bottle is decorated with twining patterns, and the lower abdomen is painted with one round flower on both sides, surrounded by flowers and leaves.Nothing is known.
The blue-and-white flowers of Ming Yongle are rich in color and crystal spots can be seen.This bottle should be made under the influence of the West Asian style of utensils.
blue-and-white flower vase with brocade pattern and double ears明永乐，高24.3cm，口径3.5cm，足径7.4cm
Bottle garlic mouth, neck, round flat abdomen.The mouth shoulder is connected with the symmetrical Ruyi ear, the abdomen two sides are each convex to decorate a lacteal nail grain, the stone bottom foot, does not have the money to know.The mouth of the bottle is painted with Ruyi lines, and the belly is decorated with hexagonal stars, which extend to all sides to form hexagonal brocade patterns.
This bottle modelling imitates from the arabian copper article, the motif that embellishes and layout all have west asia style.
Green flower loquat ribbon with bird patternHeight: 9.2cm, aperture: 51.2cm, foot diameter: 34.5 cm
Fold along, rhomboid mouth type, general body for 16 lotus-shaped, large flat, circle foot, fine sand bottom, no recognition, showing flint red.Blue and white glaze of blue and white, thick and transparent.The central main pattern is a bird perched on loquat branches, is looking back to peck at full loquat fruit.Inner wall painted pomegranate, peach, lychee, loquat and other broken branches of fruit, along the side painted size of lotus, the outside painted sea water river cliff lines, the outer wall painted branches of chrysanthemum patterns.
Yongle and Xuande were the golden age in the history of blue-and-white porcelain in China.This disk is made of “Su Ni Bo Qing” imported from the West by Yongle. It is rich and beautiful, permeates into the fetal bones, and has iron rust spots formed by natural fainting.At home and abroad, the existing Yongle blue-and-white porcelain, the market is often decorated with flowers, loquat ribbon bird as the theme of the less rare patterns, on the current information has been mastered, only three complete: one Tokyo National Museum of Art, one Tianjin Museum of Art, one. Beijing’s Palace Museum is the most beautiful one in existence.
blue-and-white bamboo and stone vase with banana grain and plumMing Yongle, height 41 cm, bottom diameter 12.2 cm
Bottle small mouth, with cap, covered with bead-shaped button, round shoulder, shoulder gradually under, flat.The cover and the cover are decorated with lotus-petal patterns, and the wall of the cover is painted with folded flowers.Mei bottle shoulder decoration is contrary to the continuity of Ruyi moire, Ruyi moire in the painting of broken flowers.Abdominal motif decorated with bamboo and stone plantain, lined with sloping fields, flowers and plants, like a garden in the small scenery.Foot drawing lotus leaf pattern and rolling branch pattern for one week, lotus leaf drawing various fold flowers.
This plum vase is beautiful in shape, the color of the blue and white flowers is rich and colorful, which makes the picture have a sense of hierarchy and is a good product in Yongle blue and white porcelain.
Green Ganoderma lucidum with grain bowlHigh 5.5 cm, aperture 11 cm, foot diameter 4.5 cm
The bowl is skipped, ringed, and empty of money.The cup center double circle interior decoration fold branch camellia grain, the mouth along the inside side to the green flower faints to dye a circle, the outer wall decoration twines the branch ganoderma grain, the outer mouth edge and the circle foot outer decoration blue flower line grain.
This bowl is clean, simple in shape, dark and bright in blue and white hair color, and has black crystal spots.The decoration is bright, elegant and pleasant, which contains auspicious meaning.
blue-and-white jade pot spring vaseMing Yong Le, aperture 7 cm, foot diameter 10 cm, height 27 cm
The bottle has a long, slender neck, a drooping round abdomen, and circling feet.From top to bottom, the bottle is painted with blue-and-white head, back, rolling grass, tangled lotus and lotus leaf.This cup has a solemn shape, elegant texture, full composition and distinct layers.Blue and white is made of imported Su-Ni-Bo-Qing, its color is bright and steady, and it has the artistic characteristics of the early Ming Dynasty blue and white porcelain.