The Historical Change and Classification of Ceramic Microknowledge Blue-and-White Porcelain
During the Yongle and Xuande period of Ming Dynasty, during the period of Chenghua, the green flowers of Jiajing, Yongzheng and Ganlong were the most prominent ones in Kangxi Dynasty, which had the artistic effect of clear green and bright quiet. Therefore, during the Ming and Qing dynasties, the blue and white porcelain became the mainstream of Chinese porcelain production and was loved by the people. To become emperor concubines and dignitaries of the necessary things.Even Europeans often use blue-and-white porcelain to show off their wealth.The King of Saxony in the 15th century was said to have swapped four guards for 12 blue-and-white porcelain vases to please the new queen.
After the founding of New China, Jingdezhen’s blue-and-white porcelain has inherited the excellent traditions of the past dynasties, developed a fresh, bright, with the flavor of the times of new varieties, in gift porcelain, display porcelain box domestic and foreign goods porcelain, etc., have achieved remarkable results.Not only the state organs, the Great Hall of the People and more than 100 embassies abroad have chosen blue-and-white porcelain, and almost all the hotels, restaurants, even organizations and families in large and medium-sized cities in the country have used blue-and-white porcelain.It is worth mentioning that blue-and-white porcelain has become a valuable gift in our diplomatic etiquette.Such as President Nixon’s visit to China in 1972, Premier Zhou Enlai gave him a set of expensive blue-and-white tableware;In October 1978, Vice Premier Deng Xiaoping visited Japan to present the Japanese Crown Prince and Prime Minister Fukuda with a gift of blue and white stationery.
Modern Jingdezhen blue-and-white porcelain from the overall view, the enamel white in the green, green green, beautiful shape, decorated with the artistic effect of simplicity and elegance.Among the many varieties of blue and white, the People’s Porcelain Factory’s” Blue and white Wutong tableware “is the representative product of blue and white porcelain.It is made up of dozens of pieces or even a hundred pieces of porcelain with different sizes and shapes. It is light and elegant, with beautiful and symmetrical contours, neat and exquisite lines and harmonious colors.
“Wutong” refers to the name of traditional paintings of green flowers, “Wutong” for the auspicious meaning, according to Chinese folklore, “Wutong led to the phoenix,” the beautiful sentence.Through the clever combination of points, lines and surfaces, the picture makes an ideal description of the landscape of the southern landscape: near is stone bridge almonds, flowers and birds forest, pavilions, in the distance is a layer of overlapping peaks, flat waves boat, so that the lake light mountain color, there is a “white wave green peak non-human” artistic conception.Artist uses Chinese painting scattered point perspective method, the complex scenery, objects, people spread on a picture, the use of bead pattern decoration, the middle lining with the folk symbol auspicious” Eight Treasures” pattern.The whole picture is deep in conception, profound in meaning, with strong national color and oriental artistic style.In addition to the excellent picture “Wutong”, there are hibiscus, begonia, full lotus, Dunhuang, double dragon, mallow, goldfish and other decorations, or plump and rigorous, dignified and beautiful, or free, poetic, pleasing to the eye, love.In 1979 the People’s Porcelain Factory produced the blue-and-white Wutong tableware to win the national high-quality product gold award, in 1984 won the French Leipzig, Czech Bull Law, Poland Poznan International Fair three gold medal.
Ancient blue-and-white porcelain in China, painting decoration elegant, porcelain bottom of the text, patterns of various types, each period of the style has a distinct characteristics of the times. According to the form and type of blue-and-white porcelain, it can be divided into five categories: chronology, auspicious words, Tang Dynasty, praise and decoration.
(1) Chronicle Section
On the blue-and-white porcelain, with writing, carving, printing and other methods to mark the time of porcelain burning knowledge, known as the annals.China’s ancient porcelain knowledge, to chronicle the annals of the main, the annals of the emperor and the annals of the year by heaven and earth to show the number of the two types of dry expenditure.During the Yongle period of Ming Dynasty, there began to appear on the blue-and-white porcelain, the seal-book characters flowing smoothly, the edge decorated with lotus-leaf patterns.Xuanjing style is dignified and vigorous.It is made of iron and silver hooks, and the glaze is covered with clouds and clouds.Jiajing style of rough strokes, the strength of the Tibetan show.Ancestors of the Ming Dynasty have summed up the following five sentences: “Xuande’s money is much, Chenghua’s money is fat, Hongzhi’s money shows, Zhengde’s money is noble, Jiajing’s money is miscellaneous”.Qing dynasty kongxi type fonts neat, blue and white color bright.Yongzheng’s regular script is powerful and well-formed.Gan Long, Jia, Dao Guang are mostly seal body, the font is closely arranged, like a seal.In modern times, “Jiangxi Porcelain Co., Ltd.” has a large number of items, including the English version of “CHINA”, which is the symbol of the modern export of porcelain, and is the earliest use of English in Qinghua.People’s kiln blue-and-white porcelain of the annals few, have “Daming New Year” and so on, typography sloppy.write at random
Writing contains auspicious meaning of the words, the folk blue-and-white porcelain is often seen.Font for the grass, elegant and elegant, one-way.”Fu Shou Kang Ning”, “long life and wealth”, “Wanfu You Tong” and other statements express people’s yearning for a happy life.
(3) The name of the church
With elegant name, the name of a person on the porcelain, as a sign of private collection.There are “Shower Ink Book House”, “If deep collection”, “Bai Yu Zhai” and so on.The famous porcelain of Tang Dynasty is well-made and has high collection value.
The love of ceramic art for porcelain, such as” jade treasure “,” ancient rare play “,” Changjiang Meiyu “and so on.”Govadi jade” four-character money, Qingxin Shunyi, very interesting.”tile” namely pottery, than porcelain has a long history, is for the elder brother, and porcelain than the United States” jade “more white and smooth,” jade “can only be relegated to” brother “.
Also called “pattern style”, with a simple pattern decoration, for the characteristics of the folk blue and white porcelain, and seal cutting “Xiao shape seal” have similarities and differences.The pattern has bogu map, dark eight immortals, eight auspicious and so on.The “bean curd style” in the decorative style is a diamond-shaped frame structure, which is like a high-rise building in modern architecture.