Read all kinds of blue and white porcelain materials see this long article
1. Interpretation of Blue and White Porcelain
Blue and white porcelain, also known as white blue and white blue porcelain, is often referred to as blue and white porcelain, a rare product of the Han nationality’s ceramic firing process.Is one of the mainstream varieties of Chinese porcelain, under the glaze color porcelain.Blue and white porcelain is made of cobalt oxide ore, painted on ceramic body, coated with a transparent glaze, fired at about 1270 degrees high temperature reduction flame.Cobalt is blue after firing and has the characteristics of strong coloring, bright color, high firing rate and stable color.
2. History of Blue and White Porcelain
At present, the earliest blue-and-white porcelain specimens were found in the Tang Dynasty (some scholars also said that the Tang was not blue-and-white porcelain). However, the decorative patterns of those days were simple and primitive, and the unique artistic style had not yet been formed. The mature blue-and-white porcelain appeared in the Hutian kiln in Jingdezhen in Yuan Dynasty.Qing Hua became the mainstream of porcelain in Ming Dynasty.The period of Qing Kangxi reached its peak.Qing Hua became the mainstream of porcelain in Ming Dynasty.The period of Qing Kangxi reached its peak.During the Ming and Qing Dynasties, the varieties of blue and white, malachite green glaze blue, bean green glaze blue, red green, yellow ground blue and goose glaze blue and white were also created.
3. Classification of raw materials for blue and white flowers
Su Ma Li Qing: Also called Su Ni Ma Qing, Su Bo Ni Qing, Su Ni Bo Qing and so on.The source of its name is a translation from the Persian language Sulaiman.The cobalt was found in the village of Qamsa in Boskar, and was named after a man named Sulaiman, who was believed to have discovered it.Another way of saying this is that su ni maqing should be su mah leqing, an english translation of smalt, meaning a kind of blue glass.This material belongs to low manganese high-iron cobalt material, so the green flowers are thick green, there is” rust mark “, commonly known as” tin light”.A part of the Yuan Qing Hua and Ming Yongle, Xuande kilns are used in this kind of green materials, the origin of which are in ancient Persia or today in Syria.
(2) Equal green: also known as Bei Tangqing, produced in Leping, Jiangxi.Ming “blank period” and the late formation, Hongzhi, early Zhengde use.This material is pale color elegant, bright, stable, especially made into a blue-and-white device famous for a time.
(3) Zhejiang Material: Also known as Zhejiang Green, produced in Zhejiang Shaoxing, Jinhua area.The domestic materials in Zhejiang is the most superior, its hair color green, Ming Dynasty Wanli mid-Qing Dynasty, Jingdezhen official kiln green all used this material.
(4) Hui Qing: There are many kinds of saying that it is produced in the western region, Xinjiang, Yunnan and so on.This material has a purple color, if it is used alone, it will be scattered, so it is mixed with pebble green.The Ming Dynasty Jiajing to Wanli pre-multi-purpose material.Among them on the green:10% mixed into the stone green, used for mixing water (fill the color), green hair;Chinese blue:40% mixed with pebble green, used for color (outline), clear and clear pen path.
(5) pearl material: this is the famous Kangxi “Trinidad” produced in Yunnan Xuanwei, Huize, Yiliang and other counties, among which Xuanwei material is the best.This material is bright and pure.Kangxi green flowers more use this material.The above-mentioned domestic cobalt materials are mostly high manganese.
(6) Chemical green material: green material prepared from cobalt oxide, a chemical product.Blue hair, pure, rich, but frivolous and lack of adhesion, the price is also low.The blue-and-white ware made of this material lacks the beauty of natural green material.
4. Classification of Blue and White Porcelain
According to the form and type of blue-and-white porcelain, it can be divided into five categories: chronology, auspicious words, Tang Dynasty, praise and decoration.
Calendar _ on blue-and-white porcelain, with writing, carving, printing and other methods to mark the time of porcelain burning known as chronology.China’s ancient porcelain knowledge, to chronicle the annals of the main, the annals of the emperor and the annals of the year by heaven and earth to show the number of the two types of dry expenditure.During the Yongle period of Ming Dynasty, there began to appear on the blue-and-white porcelain, the seal-book characters flowing smoothly, the edge decorated with lotus-leaf patterns.Xuanjing style is dignified and vigorous.It is made of iron and silver hooks, and the glaze is covered with clouds and clouds.Jiajing style rough strokes, the strength of the Tibetan show.Ancestors of the Ming Dynasty have summed up the following five sentences: “Xuande’s money is much, Chenghua’s money is fat, Hongzhi’s money shows, Zhengde’s money is noble, Jiajing’s money is miscellaneous”.Qing dynasty kongxi type fonts neat, blue and white color bright.Yongzheng’s regular script is powerful and well-formed.Qianlong, Jia, Daoguang more seal body, close font arrangement, like a seal.In modern times, “Jiangxi Porcelain Co., Ltd.” has a large number of items, including the English version of “CHINA”, which is the symbol of the modern export of porcelain, and is the earliest use of English in Qinghua.People’s kiln blue-and-white porcelain of the annals few, have “Daming New Year” and so on, typography sloppy.Write casually.
It is common to see Chinese blue-and-white porcelain with auspicious meaning in writing.Font for the grass, elegant and elegant, one-way.”Fu Shou Kang Ning”, “long life and wealth”, “Wanfu You Tong” and other statements express people’s yearning for a happy life.
With elegant name, the name of the hall is written on the porcelain, as a sign of private collection.There are “Shower Ink Book House”, “If deep collection”, “Bai Yu Zhai” and so on.The famous porcelain of Tang Dynasty is well-made and has high collection value.
Praise for the love of ceramic art for porcelain, such as” jade treasure “,” ancient and rare play “,” Changjiang Meiyu “and so on.”Govadi jade” four-character money, Qingxin Shunyi, very interesting.”tile” namely pottery, than porcelain has a long history, is for the elder brother, and porcelain than the United States” jade “more white and smooth,” jade “can only be relegated to” brother “.
The pattern section _ also called “the pattern section”, with the concise pattern adornment tool bottom, for the folk blue and white porcelain characteristic style recognition, has the similarities and differences with the seal cut “the Xiao shape seal” the fine work.The pattern has bogu map, dark eight immortals, eight auspicious and so on.The “bean curd style” in the decorative style is a diamond-shaped frame structure, which is like a high-rise building in modern architecture.
Ancient ceramic recognition, is an important basis for the identification of its production time, because of the history of blue-and-white porcelain recognition of the font, writing, color and style have its remarkable characteristics, so long as the grasp of the basic rules of the ancient porcelain, can accurately judge the era, kiln mouth.The calligraphy and pattern in ancient blue-and-white porcelain have great reference value for the innovation of calligraphy, painting and seal cutting art.If there are similar blue-and-white porcelain products, you can sell through me WX132 Li 5020 first 2406 students.
Blue and white cloud and dragon pattern can in late Yuan and early Ming Dynasty
Tomb of Gofei, King Zhu Tan of Ming and Lu Emperors, The Blue-and-white Cloud and Dragon-pattern Canister in the Late Yuan and Early Ming Dynasties
In the 22 years of Hongwu, Zoucheng City, Shandong Province (1389), a blue-and-white dragon-pattern jar unearthed from the tomb of Zhu Tan, King of the Ming and Lu Emperors in the late Yuan and early Ming Dynasties, was unearthed in 1971, and collected by Shandong Museum.
Cans 33 cm tall, Zhu Tan is the tenth son of Emperor Zhu Yuanzhang, was born in two months by the king,15-year-old Fan.
The neck defect of the jar, the blue and white hair color of the jar is bright, the main pattern is four claw cloud dragon pattern, dragon image is vigorous, small head thin body, the lotus leaf pattern of the tibia has braces like lotus petal tip.
Qing Hua Xiao He month under the pursuit of Korean letter plum bottle
Qing Hua Xiao He month under the pursuit of Korean letter plum bottle
The Qing Hua Xiao He Yue was excavated at the tomb of Mu Ying in the 25th year of Ming Hongwu in Guanyin Mountain, Dongshan Bridge, Jiangning District, Jiangsu Province.
With five layers of patterns, the painting is exquisite: the shoulder is covered with lotus and wrapped with lotus, the abdomen is drawn to follow the Korean letter pattern, and the picture is embellished with plantain, bamboo stone, pine and plum blossom, the tibia is decorated with curly grass and flowers. Lotus petal tips with braces.