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Appreciate the color of the nomadic herdsman _ Yuan blue and white porcelain appreciation | china shengjiang blue ande white porcelain/ceramics

Appreciate the color of the nomadic herdsman _ Yuan blue and white porcelain appreciation

A.D.1276Kublai Khan’s iron riding came to Hangzhou like the wind. It leveled the Southern Song Dynasty. It was also pure and elegant, like the celadon of jade, and brought different colors to Chinese porcelain. It was a kind of blue-and-white porcelain _ Yuan Qing Hua.

Pterocephalus laevigatus

Blue and white is a kind of porcelain made of white and blue pictures.The kiln workers painted the white body with cobalt, finished with a layer of transparent glaze, and put it into the porcelain kiln1200One-time firing above ℃.The successful blue-and-white porcelain cobalt material shows a delicate blue color.There are two excavations in Hangzhou4One piece of blue and white.The first time was1978A tomb excavated from the Yuan Dynasty to the Yuan Dynasty was found at the construction site of the radio school dormitory in Wensan Street, Hangzhou in 20003Pieces of blue-and-white porcelain figures statue.At the same time, there is also a blue-and-white porcelain bar pattern incense burner,3A blue-and-white porcelain lamp,1Piece “pivot” cloud wild goose pattern bowl and a epitaph.

Blue and white banana leaf fruit grain round mouth fold

An irregular strip of epitaph.The handwriting is vague and recognizable.Zhi Wen: “My mother gave Mrs. Hu’s mother Zheng’s great-great-great-great-great-great-great-great-great-great-great-great-great-great-great-great-great-great-great-great-great-great-great-great-great-great-great-great-great-great-great-grandson in Fan Yang County, three lines in all.”41A word.The inscriptions show that there are two tomb owners, respectively, two generations of people, both women.Ming Anda, the steler, was the great-grandson of one of the tomb’s owners.Mr. Feng Xianming, a ceramic expert at the Palace Museum, considered the statue of Qinghua Guanyin to be a figure unearthed in the tomb.The period is the Yuan Dynasty to the Yuan-Bingzi year (1276Year).Hangzhou Yuan Qinghua Guanyin image for the earliest discovered, there are chronological period of the Yuan Dynasty blue-and-white porcelain.

Blue and white lotus pond mandarin duck lines round mouth big

The discovery of the Yuanqing Flower Guanyin image has aroused great attention from scholars both at home and abroad.However, the Yuan Dynasty had two to the Year of the First Year, and there were also two C-years.There have always been different views on the problem of pre-and post-meta.According to the unearthed objects and epitaph, we make further research from the following aspects.

brocade lotus pattern i

The first is the “pivot” of the cloud-wild goose pattern bowl of the approximate age.The date of the initial firing of the “pivot” porcelain of the Yuan Dynasty has not been determined yet, but the date of a large number of unearthed and handed-down products at home and abroad is generally fixed1278Years later.Emperor Kublai Khan of the Yuan Dynasty (to the fifteenth year of the first year) (1278A floating beam porcelain bureau is set up in Jingdezhen.The Privy House was the abbreviation of the Privy Council, an important military organization in the Yuan Dynasty.Therefore, the tomb unearthed with the “pivot” section of the Yunyan bowl, should be the “Privy Council” of the burner.

blue-and-white peony earjar

According to some published articles on Gaoan Cellar, this bowl is similar to Gaoan’s products in its design and design.In the past, the age of Gao ‘an’s cellars was eleven years old(1351)Year)It should have been possible before.Hangzhou’s” pivot “bowl should be earlier than Gaoan’s cellars.According to this, Hangzhou’s pivot of this porcelain bowl should be the current discovery of a definite chronology of the early Jifu porcelain.According to “Yuan History” records: “Privy Council, rank from a piece of goods. Control of the world’s military secret business.” Such an important military organization, in the establishment of a special corresponding porcelain-making institutions before, who dare not rush to burn the “pivot” porcelain.It is inferred from this that the tomb is predetermined from the first to the first (1276Of course, the argument doesn’t hold up.

Blue and white baby play bird food can

Secondly, about the epitaph of “Ming-an-da-er”.One of the characteristics of the Mongolian names in the Yuan Dynasty was that they liked totem, worshipped heroes or plants as their own names.If everyone thinks someone is a hero, there will be a lot of people who have the same name as the hero.Therefore, the Yuan Dynasty had many of the same names.Take Ming-an-da, for example, in the “Yuan biographical materials” on the three found.There are several others with the same name, such as Yuan Dynasty.Therefore, we are not sure which Ming Anda is the person in the epitaph.

blue-and-white five-claw double-dragon pearl pattern cover

Third, about the stele time.Ancient custom uses dry branch year, commonly known as 60 armour son.The years, months, days and hours of the day are calculated by this method.In the epitaph, there is the word “July”, which was found by checking the “Chinese-Western Calendar”.1276There is no such day as” being unitary “in the middle of July.but1336Year, that is, after the Yuan Dynasty to the Yuan Dynasty, July 6 th of the year is a self-made day, this day’s Western calendar is8Once every month12Day.As a result, the Yuan Qing Hua Guanyin images and tombs of the age of more conclusive evidence.

blue-and-white lotus groove plate

1987In 2000, in Hangzhou Chaohui Road Commercial Storage and Transportation Company construction site found a Yuan Dynasty porcelain cellar, unearthed porcelain varieties are very rich, with egg white glaze high-foot cup26Pieces, Longquan kiln porcelain18Pieces, blue-and-white porcelain, dragon-shaped altar1A piece, blue glaze painted with gold.1Pieces, malachite blue glaze “Neifu” belt cover plum bottles2Pieces, peacock blue covered can1Pieces, Huo Yao white porcelain cup and saucer3A red, high-footed cup in glaze.1Pieces, Yuan Qing Hua Hai Ao Mountain-shaped pen frame1Piece.When excavated, high-foot cup, blue glaze cup, blue flower mountain-shaped pen frame and other small objects are placed in two great altars.The following, the author only to make a simple description of the blue and blue porcelain.

Braised Garlic Bottle with Green Flower and Chaenomeles

Preference for a certain color is often derived from the primitive memory or religious belief of a nation.We know that blue is not the traditional color of the Han nationality. The contrast between pure white and azure blue makes the Mongolian people crazy.In the primitive religion shaman belief, blue symbolizes the sky, white symbolizes the good, and blue and white is the Mongolian origin totem “wolf white deer” color, this is the blue-and-white porcelain in the Yuan Dynasty can be the origin, development and maturity of the main factors.

blue-and-white dragon-shaped cask cover can

The author often wonders, these blue and blue flowers guanyin image, mountain-shaped sea-ao pen frame, blue glaze depiction of the golden cup and blue “Nei Fu” style belt cover Mei bottle, their glaze color is the Mongolian people broke the south Song Dynasty emperor noble elegant celadon left after the color of Hangzhou?I did not see the Mongolian people in the unification of China after riding a horse in the vast Chinese land galloping bow archery figure;Nor could they be seen drinking on horseback with their tall blue-and-white glasses.But I’d love to be intoxicated with their excitement and romance.Because I know, nomadic people stay in the history of Chinese porcelain a touch of blue, is soul.

two-ear vase with pine, bamboo and plum pattern