Genghis Khan did not kill three people, but brought us blue and white porcelain, a move worth it

Fancy and crude, not only by the Chinese love, foreign people to blue-and-white porcelain is crazy, the aristocracy to own a blue-and-white porcelain and proud.The blue-and-white porcelain of the Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties made a lot of money for us.But the blue-and-white process was not invented by us, but produced in Persia.

anemone lotus pattern can

In the 13th century, Genghis Khan led the Mongolian iron riding across Eurasia, conquered cities, according to statistics by the Mongolian army destroyed hundreds of countries, Genghis Khan quickly established the Mongolian Empire by force.

And in the campaign, Genghis Khan has been using the means of slaughtering the city, every city either to surrender, or to kill the city’s people, with such a means to make opponents fear, dare not to fight it.But there are three people who survive: children, women, and craftsmen.The Mongols, unlike the Han, were helped by many craftsmen behind the war, and they lacked special skills, so as long as they had skilled craftsmen, they survived.

the Mongolian army

The birth of the blue and white flowers should be brought by Persian craftsmen who came to China with the war.It was the Persian craftsmen who first used cobalt blue to decorate their paintings. Only the Persian craftsmen mastered it. When the Mongols made their way through China and the West in the 13th century, the Persian cobalt blue paintings flowed heavily into China.The glazed pottery, made by the Persians, is rough and rough, but has a very beautiful ruby-blue glaze.

And the most favorite color of the mongolian nation is blue and white, blue represents the blue sky of the grassland, white represents the white cloud, grazing life makes them to blue sky white cloud deep feelings, so see this kind of gem blue decorative, very like, The court began to simulate the process and became an important Yuan-Qing flower in the history of Chinese ceramics.

cobalt ore

In addition to being able to fight, the Mongols also understand the importance of trade, the promotion of commercial trade in the country, and the establishment of a special management of porcelain industry, “floating beam porcelain bureau.”And then the shrewd businessmen began to move around, looking for business opportunities.It was found that Islam was practiced in Western Asia and the Middle East, while the Quran, the Islamic scripture, forbade the use of silver and gold tableware.

The rich, however, want to be able to use the same delicate and expensive utensils that are recognized by the Quran.And Jingdezhen production of Yuan Qinghua exactly meet this requirement, the quality of the porcelain made of hard, can be burned into the West Asian people’s usual large bowl.And with the Persian cobalt blue painting of exquisite luxurious decorative patterns, originally a variety of local products craft, more suited to the tastes of the West Asian people.

Yuan Qing Hua Fei Feng unicorn plate

The blue-and-white porcelain, once sold in western Asia, has caused great repercussions in the region and is loved by the local people.As an exclusive tool for the rich and aristocratic, Chinese businessmen even brought back the local people’s favorite decorative patterns, which combined with Chinese painting, gave birth to a new kind of decoration, that is, what we have seen Yuan Qing porcelain decoration.It is influenced by the painting in Western Asia. Although the main decoration is still traditional Chinese porcelain painting, it is like the west.FanThe painting of lotus, guava and so on is typical Western Asian painting style.

blue-and-white embellishment

At the end of the Yuan Dynasty, under the stimulus of great interest, Western Asian businessmen and Jingdezhen jointly launched an unprecedented commercial action in the history of trade.Cobalt was transported from Persia to China by Western traders, and blue-and-white porcelain made in Jingdezhen for the Middle East in Western Asia was shipped to the Middle East market.The development of technology, the support of the royal family, the opening of the Middle East market and the convenience of the supply of raw materials gave rise to the rise of blue-and-white porcelain in the Yuan Dynasty and became the most important product in China’s foreign trade.

Yuan-Qing-Hua Tagalog-pattern Furnace

Today’s Topkapa Palace in Istanbul, Turkey, still has the world’s most beautiful and most beautiful blue-and-white porcelain, more colorful than domestic blue-and-white porcelain, colorful paintings, large instruments.This should belong to the late Yuan Dynasty trade exports to Turkey’s blue-and-white porcelain, by the emperor’s collection in the palace, can be seen at that time is how precious.