Jingdezhen: such as the ancient blue-and-white porcelain, care for their own beauty
After Sanqing Mountain came down, my father wanted to go to Wuyuan by the way.
He wanted to go to Wuyuan because I left an impression on him when I went there ten years ago to see the canola flowers.
I was thinking of taking them to which village, so I began to recall the trip ten years ago _ Moon Bay, Likeng, Wangkou, Xiaoqi, Jiangling, Qingyuan, Likeng, Zhejiang Yuan, each village I can remember the unique impression, only Sixi Yancun, it seems that how can not remember.
Think of it as a place you’ve never been to.
In fact, in the latest photos of the scenery in Wuyuan, I have seen the newly-built, white-painted walls, with modern materials imitation of the green tile eaves of the new Hui-style buildings, so there is no hope for re-visit.That’s why I didn’t choose to go to the village of Li Hang and Zhe Yuan, which left a good impression on me in those years.
The other night I flipped through my travel notes, flipped through my previous blogs and everyone, and didn’t have any articles from Wuyuan.And there was no microblog, so convenient and timely a recording tool for WeChat.So I didn’t leave a word about the trip.
That’s really not my style.Later, it occurred to me that I seemed to be trying to write a novel during that time.But no matter be a novel, still travel notes, all by the busy and onerous journal thesis that comes immediately afterwards, graduation thesis crowded occupy.
But already had such an idea, can not go.
So they go to the Internet to find a car, car-sharing partners.At that time, Wuyuan’s fame just got up, in addition to the travel agency arranged to withdraw to the evening group guests, almost all of them are everywhere to the famous photography fans.In addition to one sister in Shanghai, one of the other two brothers was from Singapore and the other one was from Hong Kong.
I only got a hard seat train ticket from Beijing to Jiujiang.The night is coming.Remember to release a couple of berths at some point in the evening.I went to the conductor’s shift room on time to catch up on a sleeping berth, and was almost knocked down by the successive ticket-refill passengers, so I could only return to my hard seat.
It was the third night on the train since I went to Datong from Beijing and returned to Beijing from Jishou.
Half-awake, half-asleep, the evening, until the car window day gradually light up.The flat expanse of rice fields, the patchwork of golden cauliflower, told me that I had reached the south.
After all, youth at that time, the last thing is energy.Get off the train and go straight to the bus station. Take the bus to Jingdezhen.
The name of Jingdezhen was almost heard from a young age, and every mention of porcelain, there must be these three words, not to mention the well-known blue-and-white porcelain.So the heart has always been a complex of Jingdezhen.Coincidentally, the novel I was writing at the time also involved a bit of porcelain firing.So anyway, I have to go to Jingdezhen before going to Wuyuan to see the porcelain.
Bai Juyi’s” Pipa Line “wrote:” Businessmen heavy profits light parting, the previous month Fu Liang buy tea. “Tang, Jingdezhen on the poetry of this Fuliang County, when its name is also called” Changnan Town. ”
all alongSong Zhenzong, the third emperor of the Song Dynasty,Yin YouQi XiaiThe blue and white porcelain was produced here, so he ascended the throneJing De YuanThe year (1004) will be his yearThe number was given to the town of Changnan.
Changnan Town has since been renamed “Jingdezhen”.
The sky was blue, waiting for the rain.When I arrived in Jingdezhen, the blue sky also began to rain.In the ancient kiln folk-custom popular garden, the eaves corridor turns,Greenery drips green, flowers and trees support Shu;Gan-style residential horse-head wall high, green brick gray tile, high house deep well.Just like the long history of porcelain-making here, it is simple and thick.
Jingdezhen porcelain fired from the Eastern Jin Dynasty.Since the Song Zhenzong gave the name, the court sent the commissioner to supervise the production, Jingdezhen porcelain production industry will be increasingly prosperous, the civilian kilns, the industry division of labor, porcelain-making technology refined, ranked among the national famous kilns.
In the Yuan Dynasty, the emperor set up a “floating beam porcelain bureau” for the royal management of porcelain fired.. ..improvements and innovations in porcelain-making techniques..That is at this time, elegant pure blue and white porcelain, bright and bright glaze red appeared.
Ming Dynasty, Hongwu year (1369), the imperial court in Jingdezhen set up an imperial kiln workshop, called together the best craftsmen in the country, the collection of the best quality raw materials, to make the best porcelain for the court.The original folk kilns competed with these official kilns, but they made up for each other by taking the long and the shortInteraction and promotion.all over town porcelain kilns,the production scale is huge, and so are the types of porcelainMore and more, blue-and-white porcelain, blue-and-white porcelain, sweet white porcelain, glaze color, dot color, powder color, color, multicolored… “The best and most beautiful porcelain in the world,”Not out of sightDe Zhen.Jingdezhen’s porcelain-making technology and scale reached the peak in the Ming and Qing dynasties, “kiln and shop households of 78, the aborigines of 13”, became a veritable center of porcelain industry.
In the drizzle, in the big garden, I was wandering alone.
The bustle resumes to silence.”Village kiln fire, Hu Tao Shan,” “daytime white smoke cover, night is the flame of the sky,” the scene has long since passed away with the years,The restoration of ancient kilns by the dynasties is now merely a display.But, whenI walked into porcelain workshops such as pink work, small work, large work and so on, but still saw vivid scenes of work.
In the Fanding workshop,The craftsmen were quietly absorbed in the fine work in their hands.They carved or carved on the prime embryo, or hook, or drawing, or painting, pen start down, sensitive but not urgent.The lines in his pen are as fine as a milli-awn, fine and exquisite as the mountains.pavilions and pavilions,Cangsong Cui cypress, plum orchid bamboo chrysanthemum,The dragon and phoenix appeared vividly on the porcelain embryo.truejustlike thatSinging in a song.:”Vegetable embryo outlines blue-and-white pen front thick and weak” “color white blue koi leaping at the bottom of the bowl”.
Before the appearance of a fine piece of porcelain, it was through the careful work of this craftsman.
prime embryo carving
complicated but delicateembellishment
Embryos: Underglaze Color
Painted Embryos: Overglaze Color (Oil Red)
When walking into small handicraft workshops, the process and technology of hand-made porcelain are even morein full view of me.Pull embryo, print blank, sharp billet, dig foot, apply glaze, draw billet, each link, each craftsman is operating in the field.
The achievements of Jingdezhen porcelain-making technology are closely related to its detailed division of labor.”The sharp embryo, the glaze embryo has its law, the painting flower, the carving flower has its skill, the rank rule, each is not in order” “the total one billet labor force, passes the hand 72, the square gram becomes the tool”.From honing clay, making kiln, to the final packing, transportation, each link of clear division of labor, orderly, formed a complete industry production system.The craftsmen each master a special skill, and this as a life-long occupation.
Most of the on-the-spot operation in the small-ware workshop is the old master.A vegetal embryo twirls and leaps between their wrinkled but nimble fingers like a dance.
Pay a little attention to the certificates on the wall. Most of these old people are non-material cultural heritage inheritors.
A skill repeated in their hands for fifty or sixty years or more, from a young apprentice to a white-haired old man;From proficient to consummate, from consummate to acme.The name of the porcelain capital of Jingdezhen is passed down from generation to generation in the heart of such attention and craftsman.
small ware workshop
The Master of Print Embryos
Imprint Embryos:The semi-dry body is patted on the die, and the size of the body is unified by printing.
Li Bi:on the wheelFinish the surface of the embryo with the tool such as knife, make the porcelain surface smooth, thick and uniform, the form is coherent.
Glazing (also known as brazing): The application of glaze to the surface of a molded body so that it is uniformly attached to the surface of the body
Qinghua Linglong porcelain: Qinghua andcombination of carving and carving technology
Not far from the porcelain workshop, there is a well-preserved Qing Dynasty kiln called Jingdezhen kiln.It’s the original JingdezhenMost suitable for traditional porcelain kiln.
The roof of the kiln is similar to the inner roof of the beamless hall, which is a brick arch structure.The firing chamber is a long oval shape with one big head and one small one, so it has the name of “egg-shaped kiln”.kilnuse pine wood as fuel,Flame long and little ash, no harmful substances, can very well show white porcelain, blue and white porcelain, color glaze and other glaze color.YesSong DynastySince the development of the formation of the most mature ancient porcelain kilns.
Towns and Kilns in Qing Dynasty. ..the most complete and valuable ancient porcelain kilns ever preserved.
In the form of the town’s kiln, the artisans built a “small wood kiln” next to the workshop.This is the only one in use in China, with Songchai as fuel, according to the ancient traditional porcelain kiln.
The traditional porcelain-burning technique can be said to be the most difficult of the whole process.If the temperature is not enough, the billet can not be completely sintered.If the temperature is too high, the glaze may be uneven.To burn out a variety of colors, glaze color, the furnace temperature needs to be more accurate grasp.In ancient times, when there was no instrument for measuring temperature, it was entirely dependentThe experienced potter (also known as” Master Pile “) controls the fire by experience.
It’s a little pity that when I went there, Little Chaiyao didn’t work and couldn’t catch a glimpsestumpMaster shows thisThe magic of earth and fire.
Xiaocai kiln interior
From the ancient kiln folk garden back to jingdezhen city district.The whole city, the pavement on the ground, the decoration of the street lamp, the sculpture of the square, are porcelain.
More than a century after its name was renamed Jingdezhen, the city became integrated with porcelain.When it comes to porcelain, it is Jingdezhen.Think of Jingdezhen, is porcelain.For millennia,as ifIt’s the power of a cityFocus on porcelain making.
The water of Changjiang River is broad and passes through the city.Looking at the city, the sky is wide, no high-rise buildings, no traffic.Since ancient times, Jingdezhen has been located at the junction of Jiangxi, Anhui and ZhejiangA small town in a hilly area, which is blocked by mountains and is inaccessible by traffic.If it weren’t for china, it would be so isolated.
And now, it still seems to be isolated.People here are still making and selling porcelain.deal only with china.More and more porcelain is shipped from here to all over the world, and more and more lovers come to learn itBuy porcelain.But all this doesn’t seem to have much to do with it.RenThe times have changed,Time has gone by, and the world outside is rolling, and it is only focusedguardA furnace fire for millennia,To take care of oneself,With all one’s heart,