Appreciation of Blue-and-white Porcelain in Ming Dynasty
Chenghua porcelain in Ming Dynasty is a rare and rare product of China’s porcelain.The thin body of the adult porcelain tire is light, the glaze is bright and smooth, the picture is clear and elegant, and the style of the blue-and-white porcelain changes when it is formed.
Chenghua blue-and-white porcelain in the Ming Dynasty, the fetal quality is white, fine, beautiful and frivolous, some are similar to the embryo.Glaze white fat, enamel common, such as curd, is translucent shape, if the light perspective, the body is invisible out of the flesh red color, this glaze is an important characteristic of the porcelain into a blue-and-white porcelain.
The Ming Dynasty Chenghua porcelain repair tire regular, bottle, pot, pot and other vertical interface trace is not obvious, the plate has the collapse bottom phenomenon, the bowl, the plate class and so on is quite straight and high.The blue-and-white porcelain of the official kiln is divided into two kinds: the bottom applied glaze and the bottom of sand.Most of them are glazed.Some of the sand is brownish-yellow.Known as” rice paste bottom “, hand touch, smooth and smooth, without a sense of roughness, it is the unique style of Chenghua Ornamental Kiln.
In addition to the early Ming Dynasty, Chenghua Qinghua official kiln porcelain some continuous use of hemp from the green material, the pen method is also like Xuande Qinghua small brush touch, its blue and white hair color is thick, there is thick light layer and dark brown crystal spots, and Xuande late blue and white very close, and mostly light color coexisting together.The middle and late period mainly uses the Pingtang Qing produced in Leping County, Jiangxi Province, also known as Equal Qing.Colour material is refined precise, contain impurity less, hair color is soft and thick bright, blue in bright gray, show color very stable, calm, have water black painting style quite, with bright white and warm embryo glaze and slender grain adornment contrast, separate from vulgarity.But often because the enamel is thick, blue and white light, and there are clouds to hide the hidden phenomenon.Especially to the base of the blue-and-white style of color reflected the most prominent.Chenghua blue and white lines thin lines, multi-use double hook line sketching pictures, and then in the picture baking, double line with a strong pen, baking light pen, so that the firing works are mostly light and rich.
Chenghua blue-and-white instrument shape neat, solemn and round, elegant and handsome, exquisite, like the inside and outside, since a long-term publicity since the vigorous and unrestrained style.The heavy body of large pieces of objects are less, more light and round small pieces, so there has always been a “no big things into the” statement.
Chenghua blue-and-white porcelain decoration thin and vivid, multi-purpose double line outline fill color method, light fill color.Only use flat coating, only cent thick and weak and no difference between yin and yang, no baking support.The painting character clothing, only draws the monochrome outer coat, does not have the underwear to make the baking support, therefore has the kiln “one piece of clothing” the statement.
The patterns are rich in content and wide-ranging, mainly dragon, phoenix, sea horse, lion hydrangea, unicorn, sea animal, butterfly and butterfly, mandarin duck and lotus, okra, pine and bamboo plum, gansu and grass, chrysanthemum and alfalfa, orchid mast, camellia mottle, etc. Lanniu stripes, lotus eight treasure patterns, baby play patterns, high-stone patterns, twining flower patterns, broken branches and fruit lines, cloud patterns, rock patterns, cross pestle patterns, Sanskrit, Tibetan, eight treasure patterns, and so on.The upper surface of the table is decorated with string lines, and a few with curly grass or brocade.The outer wall of the foot is generally surrounded by two or three strings, one against the other, and the two are close to the bottom edge of the foot.
The dragon pattern has the double dragon, the five dragon, the Kowloon busy sea, the Kuiguan dragon, the pterosaur, the group dragon, the cloud dragon, passes through the flower dragon, the lotus pond dragon and so on.Most of the dragon’s body painted relatively thin, dragon eye as if wearing a pair of glasses, long neck skew.Kuiguan shape is unique, like elephant nose on the lips, mouth nibbling a bunch of lotus.The pterosaur has flying wings, painted with front claws and no hind claws, and the dragon’s tail curls.
Cross pestle pattern is most popular in the formation period, double-headed pestle cross into a cross shape, this pattern was first presented in the Yuan Dynasty blue-and-white porcelain bowl.
There are cherry, pomegranate, persimmon, peach, lychee, bayberry and so on.Gourd fruit more painted rattan whiskers, some of the painted roots, more to the slope for the support.
The bird figure in the flower bird pattern is plump, the infantile board is sluggish, the edge decoration is not quite fastidious, only is in the object’s mouth edge, the circle foot is decorated with the chord grain.
The stone pattern has no concave-convex stereoscopic sense, the picture is the key shape of the tile, some resemble cactus shape.
Most of the flower lines left white edge, flowers only painted front, flowers and leaves are palm-shaped spread, leaf margin is saw-toothed, no yin and yang opposite side, this is the characteristics of the Cheng-Hua Dynasty.
With the characteristics of the times, there are tangled branches of ganoderma lucidum, lotus, peony or tangled branches holding eight-treasure patterns.Any of various vines of the genus Vitis that are painted in a taut spring; the lake is painted in a spiral shape and the side is painted in symmetrical flowers or three fruit trees.The pattern of the lotus pool is drawn on the ground with a series of water waves. The alga is slender like a yellow bean sprout, the lotus flower is symmetrical and the dillian is painted on it.Peony leaves are saw-toothed, leaving a circle of white edge, leaf veins clear, leaves painted chicken claw-like, flowers and fruit with tendril.The circle does not need to decorate commonly, draw two blue string lines only.A common edging with tortoise-back marks, as of Brahma.In the past, Sanskrit and Chinese used to be a single auxiliary decoration, and formed a three-dimensional picture during the formation, which affected the Hongzhi Dynasty.
Chenghua style seems to have a special person to write, comparison standard, the font is basically common.There are “Daming Cheng Hua year” six-character two-line regular script, the periphery of the two-line square column, this type of writing in the bottom of the cup is the most, a few plates, bowls, washing also have such a model, is generally the product of the later period of Cheng Hua.”Daming Cheng Hua year” Six children double-line two-loop regular script, in the disk, bowl, bottle, pot bottom for more, there are a few books in the bowl heart.”Daming Cheng Hua year” six-character regular script horizontal, mostly in the yellow blue and white plate outside the mouth and high enough cup application.There is also a special kind of pot, written on the word “heaven” money, no ring frame, commonly known as” sky-word can.
Mr. sun yingzhou, a ceramic expert, once summed up the six words into six song tips: “big” word point round head is not high, “into” word hard straight inverted waist, “turn” character dagger flat micro head, “make” word clothes horizontal less knife, “ming” day narrow flat year should realize, “into” word three nod shoulder waist.