Sing a half-day blue-and-white porcelain, how did the blue-and-white porcelain come from?
From the 1st century to the 14th century, there were many varieties of porcelain in China, but celadon was always the mainstream. It was not until the 1930s that after the emergence of the typical blue-and-white porcelain of the Yuan Dynasty in Jingdezhen, the mainstream status of celadon quickly gave way to blue and white porcelain.
2000-13 盉 pot and horse milk jug (2-1) (China and Kazakhstan jointly issued)
However, “blue and white” appeared in the Tang Dynasty or the Song Dynasty, and there has been debate in the academic world. According to new data in recent years, some experts believe that blue and white porcelain should originate from the Tang Dynasty.
The blue-and-white porcelain is made of cobalt as a coloring agent, painted under the glaze, and then fired into a transparent glazed blue-and-white porcelain at a high temperature of about 1300 degrees. From the two elements of the underglaze coloring process and the cobalt material painting, the blue and white porcelain has appeared in the Tang Dynasty. In the Song Dynasty and the beginning of the Yuan Dynasty, there were blue and white porcelain painted under the underglaze, but they were not blue-and-white porcelain that was able to replace the transparent glaze of Jingdezhen in the Yuan Dynasty.
T.166 Jingdezhen Porcelain (6-2) Yuan·Blue and White Chasing Hanxin Tumei Bottle
In addition, the blue and white flowers of the Tang Dynasty were also unearthed from archaeological objects. Since the discovery of a piece of white glazed porcelain pillow in the Tangcheng site in Yangzhou in 1975, ancient porcelain researchers have discovered some artifacts similar to the “blue-and-white” in the Tang Dynasty: the Tang Dynasty white glaze blue-colored three-legged cans hidden in the Feng Pingshan Museum of the University of Hong Kong; The blue and white flower pattern bowls in the Pan American Art Museum in Boston; the blue and white fish pattern pots in the Museum of Decorative Arts in Copenhagen, Denmark; the glazed white glazed bowls, plates and pots of the Tang Dynasty in the Tang Dynasty, which were found in some sites in Yangzhou since 1983 Residual fragments, similar blue-colored porcelain on the shipwreck in the Indonesian seas, etc.
In the early 1980s, archaeologists specially analyzed the blue and white flowers of the Tang Dynasty in Yangzhou, and concluded that the blue and white unearthed from Yangzhou City was probably burned by Gongyi Huangye Kiln, because Yangzhou was an open mouth of China at that time, and many cultural relics. Exported here.
In 2002, the blue-and-white flower of the Tang Dynasty was discovered in Gongyi Huangye Kiln, which confirmed that the Tang Dynasty Qingqinghua Peony Tang grass pattern flower was burned by Gongyi. Gongyi Huangye Kiln was the origin of the blue-and-white porcelain in the Tang Dynasty. In addition, the blue and white porcelain specimens excavated this time provide more important physical evidence for the blue-and-white porcelain originating from the Tang Dynasty.
T.166 Jingdezhen Porcelain (6-5) Modern · Blue and White Glazed Red Herring
In fact, the blue-and-white porcelain of the Tang Dynasty was produced in order to meet the output of the Islamic region in the Middle East. During the Song Dynasty, due to the interruption of exports, the blue-and-white porcelain declined. In the Yuan Dynasty, the demand for such processing and ordering was restored. Jingdezhen Blue and White Porcelain began to be famous in the world.