Porcelain! Ceramics!Introduction of Blue and White Porcelain in Tang, Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties!
Chinese porcelain refers to Chinese-made porcelain, the same word used in the English word “china” and “china”.China is porcelainhomeland,porcelainIt is an important creation of the laboring people in ancient times.
Sometimes we call porcelain porcelain ceramic, a lot of people will have doubts, ceramics and porcelain difference!
The Chinese invented pottery as early as about 8000-2000 BC (Neolithic Age).A vessel made of clay is called a pottery, and a vessel made of clay is called a china.Ceramics are a general term for pottery, stoneware, and porcelain.The ancients called pottery ou.Ceramics can be made of clay with two different properties, pottery and porcelain clay, which are used as raw materials and are produced through the process of batching, molding, drying and roasting.
earthenware, it’s for useclayORterra cottaAn instrument made by kneading and then burning.Pottery has a long history.Neolithic AgeA simple, rough earthenware was first seen.Pottery was used as a daily necessities in ancient times and is now generally used as a collection of handicrafts.
The invention of pottery was the beginning of the change of nature by chemical changes, and was one of the symbols of the development of human society from the Paleolithic to the Neolithic Age.
Primitive celadon is a type of porcelain.With the gradual improvement of pottery-making tools, the original celadon in Jingshe is an outstanding representative of the present stage, and the technical level of celadon is constantly improving, and the understanding of ceramic raw material _ clay is becoming more and more clear, and some early-reaching porcelain standard is gradually made, but in some aspects it is not perfect.
Pottery-primitive celadon-porcelain.This is an evolutionary history of Chinese art and the most complete and systematic history of art on Earth.
And blue-and-white porcelain is well-known at home and abroad.
Blue-and-white porcelain, also known as white blue-and-white porcelain, is often referred to as blue-and-white, Chinese ceramic firing process treasures.YesChinese porcelainOne of the mainstream varieties..The original blue-and-white porcelain appeared in Tang and Song Dynasties, and the mature blue-and-white porcelain appeared in Jingdezhen in Yuan DynastyHutian kiln.Qing Hua became the mainstream of porcelain in Ming Dynasty.The period of Qing Kangxi reached its peak.
Although blue-and-white porcelain has obvious Chinese characteristics, an important part of it comes from overseas.One of the important reasons why the blue-and-white porcelain of the Yuan Dynasty made great progress on the basis of the previous generation is that it used color materials from overseas, as well as the middle and early Ming Dynasty.Experts say the color is” Su Ma Li Qing “,” Su Bo Ni Qing “and so on.It is low manganese content, high iron content cobalt material, so can be fired out of beautiful blue pattern.Some scholars from the “Su Ma Li Qing” say that the color from Somalia, also said that from Sumatra.However, it is generally believed that “Su Ma Li Qing” comes from Persia (present-day Iran) and Syria.
Chinese blue-and-white porcelain first appeared in the Tang Dynasty. Gongxian kiln in the Tang Dynasty began to use blue glaze with cobalt to decorate the porcelain, but the production of blue-and-white porcelain in the Tang Dynasty was not mature, and with the decline of Gongxian kiln has been interrupted.
Today, there are very few Song Qinghua found in China, only in Zhejiang two Song Dynasty Taji and Chongqing Wushan County, a Song tomb unearthed, and are small artifacts.
Yuan blue-and-white porcelain changes the traditional porcelain implicit and introverted style, with a clear visual effect, giving a concise pleasure.With its heroic spirit and original spirit of art, the art of blue-and-white painting to the peak, established the prosperity and long-lasting future of blue-and-white porcelain.Among them ghost millet downhill and so on is sky-high price clinch a deal.
Not long after the founding of the People’s Republic of China in the Ming Dynasty,Emperor Taizu of Ming DynastyinJinɡ Dezhenthe establishment of Pearl MountainImperial Kiln FactoryIt became the earliest official kiln of Jingdezhen in Ming Dynasty.In the Ming Dynasty,276 years, the firing of blue-and-white porcelain to the highest point.
The three dynasties porcelain of Qing Dynasty refers to the three dynasties of Kangxi, Yongzheng and Qianlong.Historically known as the “Kangqiansheng Era”, when the society was open, the literati joined in, the European painting techniques have also been used for reference, porcelain production technology reached a high level.Interestingly, the personality differences of the three emperors were not only reflected in their distinctive ruling styles, but also affected the production of the porcelain of the official kiln.