Evolution of Blue-and-White Porcelain Decoration in Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties

Blue-and-white porcelain is a beautiful and wonderful flower in the history of Chinese ceramics. It is characterized by blue flowers with fresh colors and beautiful patterns.It seems simple, but it has a very rich expression.Blue-and-white porcelain is a one-time high-temperature firing of blue under-glaze painted porcelain, to be fired at 1300 degrees Celsius high temperature, the firing is to first use cobalt as a colorant painting on the body, and then covered with a layer of transparent glaze.Archaeologists found and confirmed that blue-and-white porcelain originated in the Tang Dynasty and did not develop in the Song Dynasty.In the Yuan Dynasty, the emergence of a mature blue-and-white porcelain.From the Yuan Dynasty, then to Ming, Qing, whether the kiln or kiln, has been burning unabated.

I. Ornamental Blue and White Decoration

  1. The subject matter of the blue-and-white decoration.The Yuan blue and white porcelain decoration pattern is full, the pattern decoration is complicated but not chaotic.Its subject matter has many, mainly includes the human, the animal, the plant and so on.General Yunlong, deer, phoenix, crane, unicorn, lion, pine stone plum, begonia, peony, chrysanthemum, fruit, eight treasures and other independent images are decorated in the middle of objects, abdomen and other relatively striking position.Other parts are decorated with auxiliary lines of some plant species, such as curly grass, brocade ground, money patterns, lotus petals, tangled flowers, banana leaves, moire, water waves, etc.Animals have dragon and phoenix, unicorn, mandarin duck, fish and so on.The blue-and-white porcelain of Yuan Dynasty contains the essence of Chinese traditional culture, displays the aesthetic feeling of western culture form, contains the utility and interest of the ruling class of Yuan Dynasty, and forms the unique style of the blue-and-white porcelain of Yuan Dynasty.

    2. The painting technique of the Yuan blue and white flower decoration.Yuan Qinghua decorative painting with the center of the pen method, hook, collapse, painting, point and so on, visible levels of obvious brush marks, painting pay attention to the big effect, not tied to the details.Ornamental decoration is full, presents a kind of rich and elegant charm.The decorative style of Yuan Qing-hua reflects its pursuit of the beauty of the atmosphere, and embodies a bold, open-minded, unique national personality.

    Here are four examples

1. [Ghost Valley Downhill Cans]

In Yuan Dynasty, the pot is 27.5 cm high,33 cm wide, plain bottom wide, with short neck, thick lips, wide shoulders and lower shoulders, gradually drawing down to the bottom of the abdomen.Using imported cobalt material drawn blue and white decoration, divided into four layers, one layer of neck decoration water ripples, two layers of shoulders decorated with peony twine, three layers of abdomen for the theme of “ghost millet down the hill” decoration, four layers of the lower part of the lotus-petal pattern inside painting treasure, commonly known as” eight big yards”.Theme picture ghost millet sitting in a tiger a leopard pull of the car, the body slightly forward, calm, extraordinary, such as fairy, show the operation of planning in, a thousand miles away from the appearance, the car in front of the two pawns armed with a spear opened the road, a young general’s style of hair, march along the horse, The hand holds the battle flag, on the book “the ghost valley” the word, the sudai horseback riding palace queen.A group of people and mountain-colored trees and stones constitute a magnificent and beautiful painting scroll of landscape characters.The whole blue-and-white decoration shows a rich color, the picture is full and dense, the main and second clear, integrated.The character portrays fluently and naturally, full of charm and charm, the mountain and rock chap is daintily dyed, the pen is fine and perfect.On July 12,2005, the auction of “Chinese Ceramics, Crafts and Exported Crafts”, held by London’s Christie’s, sold for £14 million, plus a commission of £15.688m, or about Rmb230m, making it the world’s highest auction value for Chinese art.[Holder: Mr. Eskenazi, London Antique Merchants]


2. [Zhaojun Cupping Cans]

[Zhaojun Exhaust Cage] Yuan Dynasty, 28cm high, 22.2cm diameter, bottom diameter 19.5cm.Graphic drawing of nine characters, divided into four scenes.The quality of Yuanqing porcelain is fine, the glaze is white and well-proportioned, the green material used for coloring is very pure.Painting techniques, no matter the characters, action expressions, or scrubbing, are more than the past brick images, porcelain paintings of a fluent, like liquor, never weak, soft tired.The pot is full of nine characters and seven horsemen (the other two are hidden behind the rocks).Among the nine characters were men and women, old and young, or on horseback, or on foot with a whip.He carries his bow and his bag at once.Look at a person’s appearance, dress has difference.Among them riding on a white horse, with a lute in her arms, a high bun of the Han woman is Wang Zhaojun, both front and back a Hu dress woman accompanied.Some of the six men wore mink crowns, eagles and bushclothes.Some wear tapestries and Chinese clothes.It was the emissaries of the Huns who welcomed their relatives and the officials who sent their relatives to the Han Dynasty.In the picture, the mountains and rocks are hidden, while the pine, verdant willow, bamboo repair, banana mixed lining.It’s dense and well-arranged.”Zhaojun out of the” map is the West Han Yuan Emperor period, Hu Han and relatives, Wang Zhaojun married to the Han Shan matter, “Han Shu”, “Yuan Emperor Ji”, “Xiongnu Biography” are a few dozens of words to do a simple record.In the Yuan Dynasty, Guan Hanqing wrote “The Emperor of Han Yuan Cries Zhaojun”, Ma Zhiyuan wrote “Breaking the Dream of Solitary Wild Goose Han Gong Autumn”, and Zhang Shi began to write “Zhaojun out” etc.The picture of the jar is exactly the scene in the long journey of “getting out of the way”. Wang Zhaojun holds the lute in his arms and points out the theme.[is now in the Tokuhiro Museum of Art in Japan]


3. [Wei Chi-kung Savior Cupping]

[Wei Chi-kung Savior’s picture can] Yuan Dynasty, the tank height of 27.8 cm.On one side of the picture is a single male letter with a spear in both hands.On the other side, there were Emperor Li Shimin, who was riding on the horse, and Wei Chigong, who was holding a steel whip.The two of them went abreast of each other.Li Shimin head slightly side turn, Wei Chi Gong left hand pointing, two people seem to be talking.After wei chi-kung, a pawn of hands with the flag.On the banner straight book “Tang Taizong” three characters.[Now in Boston Pavilion]


4. [San Gu Lu Tu Tuan]

The Yuan Dynasty.The tank height is 27.6 cm, the diameter is 21.5 cm, the abdominal diameter is 34.5 cm, the foot diameter is 20.6 cm.On one side of the pot, Zhuge Kong-ming’s soft scarf wrapped in a robe sat on a hill under the pine.The boy’s hand in a bun was standing by, and the boy in front of him was leaning over to tell him.On the other side of the picture, there is a willow with leafy branches.Under the tree, Liu Xuande wore a pillowcase, a robe, and bowed himself to pay homage.Guan Yunchang and Zhang Yide were whispering on one side.Zhuge Liang’s high elegance, Liu Bei’s thirst for talent, as well as Guan, Zhang two people’s anxiety and irritability is vividly described.[Hidden at the Pegasus Foundation]

2. Blue and white decoration

1. The blue-and-white pattern of Yongle years.Yongle blue-and-white patterns more similar, beautiful patterns, natural, giving people a sense of beauty, with distinctive characteristics of the times.The Yongle period not only retained the traditional pattern, but also had the influence of foreign culture.The flower pattern adorns with the twining branch flower to be common, the flower big leaf is small, the branch is delicate, presents the primitive and elegant color.Animal patterns are mainly dragon and phoenix patterns, as well as a small number of Kirin, sea animals, and so on.

2. Blue and white decoration during Xuande’s reign.The decorative features of Xuande’s period is an exaggerated style of freehand painting of the Kirin pattern.The perfect use of the curve, clockwise rotation of the vortex line and ellipse block surface together, a few pen, Kirin’s round body has jumped to the paper.Exaggerated head, bright and full-bodied big eyes, and splashing ink-style tail mutual contrast, so that Kirinton level sense, almost want to come out.Yide blue and white decoration is more bold and vivid than Yongle blue and white decoration.

3. Blue and white decoration in Yongxuan year.Under the influence of western culture and religion, Ming-Yong-Xuan Qing-hua imitated the foreign style of metal and pottery products in Western Asia. There were many Islamic, Taoist and Buddhist embellishment on the blue-and-white porcelain, such as geometric embellishment and flower-branch pattern.The blue-and-white decoration of the Ming Dynasty, on the basis of preserving the original traditional decoration style, is compatible with the foreign culture style, which reflects the great inclusion of Chinese traditional culture.

8 pieces of Yongxuan blue and white porcelain

Balloon fold along, abdomen perpendicular, flat-bottomed tire.Green flowers adorn the interior and exterior.In the basin along the painting tangled flowers a week, the inner wall of the painting tangled flowers 7;The border of the basin bottom is decorated with eight round flowers, the petal is shaped with banana leaf, and the eight immortals are painted with dark.The basin outside the edge draws the fold branch flower 8, the outer wall draws entwined branch flower 7, the bottom edge draws the deformation flower pattern a week.Blue and white color, there is a halo scattered, is” Su-mud red green “due to the material.The decoration is vivid and well-organized. It is a new type of instrument which was burned by the influence of the gold and silver ware of Western Asian countries in Yongle period.

[Yongle blue and white hand cup] height 4.9 cm, diameter 9.2 cm, foot diameter 3.9 cm

The press cup is a new type of porcelain cup created by Jingdezhen Imperial Kiln Factory in Yongle Period of Ming Dynasty.The cup body is like a small bowl, the mouth is slightly turned, straight wall, abundant bottom, circle foot.This cup is made of fine, simple and thick shape.Both inside and outside are painted with blue-and-white patterns, with deep turquoise hues.There is a sunflower in the heart of the cup, the flower center of the seal book “Yongle year” four-character money.The outer wall mouth draws a week along below the plum, the abdomen decorates the branch lotus pattern.The hand cup is characterized by the thick weight of the fetus, the center of gravity at the bottom of the cup, the mouth edge slightly out, holding the cup, positive pressure in the mouth of the tiger hand, giving people a sense of a sedate fit, so there is a “hand cup” said.


Background Guide: Ming Yongle blue-and-white hand-pressing cup is a kind of material object which can be verified with the literature records in Ming Dynasty, and has important historical research value.The cup is especially mentioned in the book of “The Natural History of China” written by the Ming Dynasty’s Gu Yingtai: “Yongle Year’s Compressed Hand Cup, Tankou, Bending Waist, Sanding Foot.” The center draws a double lion ball, inside the ball seal book ‘big Ming Yongle year’ six words or four words, as fine as rice, this is the top quality, mandarin duck heart of the second, flower heart of the second also. Outside the cup green deep green, the style is exquisite, handed down for a long time, the price is very high. “In the collection of the Palace Museum,” There are two lion hydrangea inside the book of the year and the flower heart of the book of the year of the pressure cup, another cup for the mandarin duck lying lotus pattern, is a copy of the Wanli period.This exquisite and elegant with the Yongle style of the hand cup, according to the information currently available, only the Palace Museum collection of three.

[Yongle Blue and White Dragon Plate] 3.1 cm high, 19.4 cm in diameter and 11.7 cm in foot diameter

Disk mouth, arc wall, circle foot.The inner wall of the disk is intersected with the inner bottom.Inside the bottom of the three hidden moire, in the form of “pin” shape arrangement.The inner wall is embossed with clouds and dragons.The outer wall is painted with blue and white clouds and dragons.White glaze is applied to the feet, but no knowledge is found.The thin body of this plate light, beautiful shape, blue-and-white hair color gorgeous, the painting of the dragon brush touch delicate, vivid and vivid.Intraplate printing and pattern-marking have inherited the practice of Yuan Dynasty and Ming Hongwu porcelain, reflecting the relationship between Jingdezhen kiln porcelain from Yuan Dynasty to Ming Yongle Dynasty.

[Yongle blue and white bamboo-stone jade pot spring vase] 32.8 cm high, 8.2 cm diameter, 10.8 cm foot diameter

The bottle had a thin neck, a thick belly, and rounded feet.Foot without glaze, without recognition.The clear body displays the bright blue and white glaze on the bright blue and white glaze with the rich color of the blue and white flowers.The bottle neck part draws three layers to decorate each week, the upper part is up the banana leaf pattern, the middle is twining the branch pattern, the lower part is sagging the cloud head pattern, near the foot draws up the deformation banana leaf grain one week to echo with it.The outer wall of the foot is trimmed with half a week’s lotus.Abdomen as the theme of the decoration: the use of realistic approach to describe a south of the courtyard of the landscape, the two exquisite lake stone straight handsome, standing on the stone of the bamboo branches slightly low, as if swaying in the wind, the fence inside and outside a lush day lily, orchid race to open, A lively scene, and four-year-old evergreen banana leaves for the picture has added a bit of southern color.Mountain stone, bamboo, banana leaves, day lily, orchids constitute a symbol of auspicious” five Ruitu map. ”

The shape of this bottle is beautiful and smooth, pure and delicate fetal quality, clear and vivid.The picture changes the decorative style of Yuan Qing Hua, the composition is sparse, the color of the green flower is bright and bright, the depth is different, full of layers and three-dimensional sense.

BACKGROUND: The black spot in the picture is like the halos in the ink-and-wash painting. It is the prominent characteristic of the blue and white flowers in Yongle. The natural color characteristic is difficult to imitate and is inferior to the later imitations.Qing Kangxi, Yongzheng, Qianlong period, there are imitation Yongle blue and blue flowers bamboo and banana pattern jade pot spring bottle, but the shape of objects is not as soft and beautiful as Yongle beautiful and slightly bloated, the black spots in the picture is not natural firing, people for heavy pen point dyeing, and the original is far from the difference.

[Xuande Qinghua Sanskrit Cave Cave] 28.7 cm high,19.1 cm in diameter;Cover diameter: 22cm, bottom diameter: 24.7cm

Canister straight mouth, flat shoulder, belly, lower part micro-inward, flat bottom, mouth with grooves, shoulder protruding 8 long square flat wrench, with round cover.The body is thick, the glaze is blue and white, the blue and white flower is rich and has the black fault, portrays the decoration with the rendering technique.The jars are decorated with sea-water marks, eight treasures, blue-scented Sanskrit and lotus-petal patterns.The cover is decorated with 4 moire lines, with five blue-type Sanskrit characters, which are the seed words of Buddha and the sea water marks on the outside of the cover.The top of the cover is surrounded by lotus-petal pattern, and the top of the nine-petal book is a blue-type text. The central double-coil has five characters from left to right, “Dade auspicious field”, corresponding to the same five characters on the bottom of the tank.


In the nine characters, the first five words are the seed words of the five Buddhas, and the last four words represent the seed words of the four female images in the two-body images of the first four Buddhas.In the middle of the outer wall of the jar, Sanskrit is a secret mantra. The words are the same as the words in the upper and lower layers, representing the seeds of the female figures in the figures.This kind of combination pattern is called “Fa mandala” by Tantric believers. It is very rare in Xuande Qinghua. Its shape and pattern are full of the meaning of religious ceremony. When it is used as a Buddhist temple, it is the instrument used in Jingde Town, which is specially made for the court.

[Xuande Qinghua dragon pattern jar] height 19 cm, diameter 15.8 cm, foot diameter 13.8 cm 6

Canister straight mouth, bulging abdomen, inner circle foot.White glazes are applied inside and outside, and blue-and-white patterns are embellished outside.Neck and shoulder adorn Ruyi head grain.The abdomen draws 2 end to end to connect the Kuiguan dragon to place the pattern.Close to the bottom draw a week on the lotus leaf.Base application white glaze, blue and white double circle inside the regular script “Daming Xuande year” six-character funds.

Background: Xuande blue and white pattern is famous for its smooth lines and bold and vivid decoration.Kuiguan dragon pattern for blue and white porcelain began in Xuande Dynasty, to become a typical pattern of porcelain, later also more extended.Xuande when the use of green materials according to Ming Wanli Wang Shimao “peep out of the sky” and Huang Yizheng “things blue beads” in the record as” Su Ma Liqing”, this kind of green material containing high iron content, low manganese content, in a moderate kiln atmosphere after firing can show the bright color of sapphire blue, but because of the high iron content, On the blue and white color often forms the non-uniform black crystal spots, and the gorgeous blue each other, increases its artistic charm.The blue-and-white color of this jar has this time characteristic.

[Xuande Qinghua Twisted-branch Lotus Bottle] Height 19.8 cm, aperture 3.8 cm, foot diameter 7.1 cm

Bottle straight mouth, round lips, slender neck, flat abdomen, circling feet.Blue and white embellishment of the body.The mouth is decorated with plums, the body is decorated with twigs and flowers, and the wall is decorated with curly branches.”Daming Xuande” is a six-character book from the bottom right to the left.This simple shape, blue-and-white, bottle mouth along the lower horizontal style is relatively rare, is the Ming Xuande blue-and-white porcelain.

[Xuande Qinghua People’s High Foot Bowl] Height: 10.2cm, Diameter: 15.5cm, Foot diameter: 4.5 cm

The bowl is skimmed, the lower abdomen is gathered, and the lower part is carried with a high foot.In the bowl, draw blue-and-white double lines, inside the bottom of the central blue-and-white double circle inside the regular script “Daming Xuande year” six-character funds.The wall of the bowl is painted with a picture of a lady enjoying the moon. A child is on the side, accompanied by mountains and rivers and trees, and painted with cloud-like patterns.Foot handle painted with pine, bamboo and plum.

BACKGROUND: The Qing Hua of Ming Xuande uses imported green material. This kind of low-manganese high-speed steel is easy to be scattered in the course of firing, so the painting is not clear enough.This bowl of green is more elegant, more clear-cut decorative, is rare.Its cloud gas grain uses the thick, the fine line to draw the outline, this drawing method also has the influence to the later generation porcelain grain decoration.It is rare to find character patterns as the subject matter in the ceramic objects of Xuande in Ming Dynasty, so this bowl is the representative work of character patterns in Xuande period.

III. Blue and White Decoration in Qing Dynasty

During the three dynasties of Qing Kangxi, Yongzheng and Qianlong, China’s porcelain-making industry reached the highest level in history.Qing dynasty blue-and-white porcelain decoration was influenced by the art of painting at that time.Ornamental kiln porcelain decoration tends to chart, rules and rigid, with the pen is very careful, the composition is too rigorous, dense.

1. Blue and white decoration in the years of Kangxi.During the sixty-one years of his reign, Emperor Kangxi devoted a great deal of effort to porcelain, and made a number of elegant and refreshing blue-and-white porcelain.In the blue-and-white decorative aspect, completely broke through the previous generations of official kiln pattern norms of the shackles, leisure more lively, diverse forms, full of life, better reflect the life of people at that time.

2. Blue and white decoration in the years of Yongzheng.Yongzheng blue-and-white decorative style elegant delicate, the content of the flower feather, the main animal, landscape next, fewer characters.It pays more attention to the perfect combination of the decorative layout and the blue-and-white shape, with appropriate composition for different forms.The decoration subject matter is rich, has the plant pattern, the animal pattern, the figure pattern, the auspicious pattern and so on, especially with the flower grain and the dragon phoenix grain mainly.With the pen fine and soft, composition is comfortable, bright, simple and clear, the overall sense of the pattern is strong, the rules are rich in variety.Compared with the Kangxi period, Yongzheng Qinghua is more gentle and handsome.

3. Blue and white decoration in Qianlong.Qianlong blue-and-white decoration content rich, wide-ranging subject matter, mainly flowers, rich and compact, delicate and exquisite.Whether freehand writing or deformation, the painters are strict and delicate, clear, neat arrangement, with the effect of drawing and painting.In Qianlong blue and white flowers, the increase of auspicious patterns is also its characteristics.It is to use the homophonic of each kind of animal or plant, paint the embellishment that symbolizes auspicious or blessing meaning.The extensive use of traditional auspicious patterns shows the perfect combination of people’s desire for well-being and the concept of harmony, and reflects people’s desire for a happy life.

Qing dynasty qianlong green flowers entwined branch lotus pattern double ears deer head deerhead (a pair)

Size: 44.3 cm

The shopkeeper appreciates:

The body is straight and slightly open, short-necked, decorated with double variants of QiLong-shaped ears, round bulbous sagging, circling feet, thick body, full lines, the shape of the atmosphere majestic.

Zun Tong body in the blue and white description, bright-colored dripping, mouth and neck decoration back lines, Tuanshou characters and nesting Ruyi clouds, foot and shank is decorated lotus leaf pattern, roll grass pattern, pattern drawing fine, compact layout, abdominal body painting triple tapestry, flowers are large and full, leaf turn graceful, The pattern is complex but not chaotic, very layered.

The foundation falls” big qing dynasty qianlong year “six characters three lines seal book.

Little knowledge:
Deer head was first created in the Kangxi Dynasty, the Yongzheng period also has the burning system, because the shape is like deer head or cow head named, so it is also known as the “cow head”.

Emperor Qianlong was so fond of large objects that Deerhead was very popular during the Qianlong period. There were many varieties of blue flowers, pink colors and single-colored glaze. The green flowers were painted with tangled lotus patterns, so it was also called “pure and uncorrupted”. However, the quality of tire glaze and painting is far different from that of dry ware.

Just said that Emperor Qianlong likes a large ceramic, so the “celestial sphere bottle” is also its blue and white apparatus of the common type, small mouth, long neck straight and thick, round abdomen, false ring foot.

Because this kind of bottle abdomen is round, long neck points to the sky, hence name “celestial ball bottle”.

Qing Qian Long, Qing Hua, Kowloon, Everyday Ball Bottle

Size: 55.3 cm high

The shopkeeper appreciates:

Bottle mouth straight, long neck, spherical abdomen, circle foot, blue and white pattern, mouth painted ganoderma lucidum, neck and abdomen full painted Kowloon in the cloud sea, near foot drawing sea water lines.

The base green flower book “big qing qianlong year” six character seal book.

This bottle is the Emperor Qianlong three years (1738) Imperial Kiln factory ordered the production of the “Xuan Yao magnify the ball bottle” is the fine work of the court furnishings.

II. Valuation

Although Qianlong blue-and-white porcelain lives in a lot of times, but because of its strict technology, styling and unique and famous, the people’s kilns are generally in more than 10,000 fine, almost all of the official kiln blue-and-white porcelain millions.

So the market collection is highly sought after, let me introduce a few open market auction of fine…

Qingqianlong Qinghua broken branch flower and fruit pattern hexagonal vase

Size: 66cm high

On December 5,2015, Beijing Kuang Shi 2015 fall shooting, 6.2 million yuan fell mallet, 7.13 million yuan transaction.

The shopkeeper appreciates:

Where six-side bottles, eight-side bottles, large body, shape is not easy.This hexagonal bottle is not made by cutting machine, but made by making six pieces in advance. The whole process is not assisted by drawing tools. It is shaped by hand. If the porcelain clay is not hard, or the bonding technology is not well-known, it is easy to collapse or crack, and the yield is low. Therefore, it is very precious.

In terms of decorative subjects and depicting techniques, this instrument strikingly pursues the effect of Yongxuan porcelain. Its blue and white hair is rich in color, and its brush-point is dyed. It is full of the beauty of Qingxuan’s green and green flowers. The theme decoration also adopts the popular flower patterns of the early Ming Dynasty, such as the fold branches, fruit grain, pomegranate, peach, etc., and the peony flowers. Extreme grace and splendor.

On the six lines of the body of the instrument, the Western Baroque-style curly grass lines are painted respectively, which echo up and down and perfectly combine with the patterns of back lines, Ruyi head lines and Wanzi lines with traditional Chinese characteristics, so that each side of the prism forms two large open light, with various kinds of flower-and-fruit lines painted in the opening light.Fruit flowers in conjunction with hexagonal shape composition, and the use of curly horn pattern echo, appears to be harmonious and unified.

The inner wall of the circle is steep, the foot end is wide and flat, the base book “Qianlong year of the Qing Dynasty” is six characters and three lines of seal calligraphy.The whole glaze is rich and moist, and the green and green flowers are verdant. It imitates the rich effect of the imported hemp from Yongxuan to make the western baroque rolling grass pattern and Chinese traditional three subjects get a perfect fusion.

Let’s take a look at this over ten million…

Qingqian Long Qinghua 8 auspicious bottle for holding the moon

Size:50 cm high

On the night of June 6,2016, Beijing Poly Spring Auction, “Palace Art and Important Porcelain, Jade, Crafts”, launched 102 lots at the Four Seasons Hotel in Beijing.Among them, Qing Qianlong blue and white eight auspicious hold the moon bottle to 9 million yuan fall mallet, 10.35 million yuan deal.

The shopkeeper appreciates:

In the court archives of Qing Dynasty, this kind of instrument was also called “treasure moon vase” or “horse hexagram vase”, which was favored by Emperor Qianlong.The shape of the moon-holding bottle was reformed on the basis of Yongle blue and white flat bottle during Qianlong period, and it became an important display of the court.

Straight neck, neck, shoulder symmetrical set curly leaf-shaped ears, flat round bottle body, under the oval circle foot, the shape exaggerates but does not lose sedate.

The body is decorated with blue and white flowers, the mouth is decorated with back lines, the neck and circle are painted with twined ganoderma grain, the side of the bottle body is painted with tangled lotus grain, the middle of the abdomen is rounded with flower pattern, the outer ring is shaped with lotus petal, and the inside is painted with eight auspicious lines.Blue and white hair color bright, local imitating Yongxuan blue and white characteristics of the dot-dye pen.

The main body of the bottle is painted with the “eight auspicious” pattern, which contains the Buddhist doctrine and embodies the palace belief.It is the representative of Qianlong official kiln because of its large size, majestic momentum, dignified shape and neat decorative layout.

The six-character and three-line seal book of Qianlong year in Qing dynasty.

Qingyongzheng Qinghua “folding flower and fruit” figure convex lotus petal skimming bottle

LOT号: 3036

Valuation:1, 500.00-2, 000.00 million

Turnover price: 4,604.00 million

Auction Company: Sufubi, Hong Kong (Hong Kong)

Auction Date:2013-10-08

Daqing Yongzheng one-year program

Sources of Collection: Dai Runzhai

Qingyongzheng blue-and-white flower and bird picture pot

Auction Results

LOT号: 3051

Valuation:1, 000.00-1, 500.00 million

Turnover price: 79.06 million

Auction Company: Christie’s (Hong Kong)

Auction Date:2010-12-01

Collection description: the instrument is eight square, lip mouth, short neck, neck shoulder decoration symmetrical chi long ear, flat abdomen, circumferential foot.Blue and white embellishment of the body.The round opening of the belly interior decoration flower-and-bird painting, a picture of a duck back to stand in the painting of flowers and plants, and flying in the mid-air with the company far-sighted;Paint a pair of quail on one side, body shape abundant round, one lift head, listen to the wind in the wind sound, another bow, look at the grass leaves of the unknown on the ground;Open light outside painting eight groups of broken branches chrysanthemum lines.Autumn’s meaning ripples.Under the green book “big qing yongzheng year” six-character seal book.

This instrument is the fine heavy ware in the Yongzheng official kiln, the blue-and-white hair color is gorgeous, the depiction is vivid and lifelike, the implication is auspicious, full of royal style.Under the promotion of Emperor Yongzheng, the auspicious implied meaning decorative pattern became the popular decoration theme on the utensils.On one hand, this instrument draws the picture of “second Jia Zhuan Lu”, “duck” and “a” are homophonic, and two ducks are “second A”, which are in the middle yuan of the list and have a long way to go.On the other side of the picture, quail and chrysanthemum said, meaning “Anju”, rice “ear” homophonic “year”, fully reflects the traditional concept of people in pursuit of good luck and peace of the good wishes.

Palace Museum, Qing Dynasty, Kangxi, blue and white, with white and white patterns, Baba teapot

Palace Museum, Qingqing Kangxi blue and white chicken, peony pattern, phoenix tail.

Palace Museum, Qingqing, Kangxi, Qinghua landscape figure, painted pot.

Palace Museum Zang Qing Kang Xi Yuan Qing Hua Shuanglong opera pearl pattern three-legged incense burner

Palace Museum Tibet Qing Kang Xi 23 years blue and white cloud dragon pattern incense burner

Palace Museum, Tibet Kangxi 10 years blue and white fairy pattern incense burner bottom

IV. Conclusion

The blue-and-white decorative pattern is the visual reflection of the traditional aesthetic thought, which condenses the traditional Chinese aesthetic emotion and embodies the Chinese nation’s wish for a happy life.During the whole process of the blue-and-white decoration, the historical and cultural characteristics of different periods were integrated.The blue-and-white decoration, with its unique national style, profound cultural connotation and long-term artistic charm, conveys the endless aesthetic meaning, and still has a strong vitality.The blue-and-white decoration is a valuable cultural resource. While praising ancient craftsmen’s superb skills, we should continue to inherit and develop it, so that the traditional art in the new era will be more brilliant!