Unusual splendor: appreciation of blue and white porcelain from official kilns in the early Ming Dynasty

At the beginning of the fifteenth century, the Emperor of Daming had overthrown the Mongol Yuan.

Through the service of pacifying difficulties, the absolute power of Emperor Zhu Di of Yongle was determined.

The government of the early Ming Dynasty, as a world power,

on the solid basis of national prosperity and advanced navigation and shipbuilding technology,

The Emperor Cheng Zuwen had a strong sense of mission that was commanded by heaven to revive the Chinese tradition.

The Forbidden City was built in Beijing.

Compilation of Yongle Dian, the crown of ancient Chinese books,

The blending of Chinese and foreign civilization endows the celadon with unique style and deeper cultural connotation in Yongxuan period.

Like Wu Renjing, Xin Anchao once commented in the History of Chinese Ceramics: “The Ming people’s ceramic industry, regardless of the meaning of the craftsman, the form, its technology has gradually reached the peak of completion.”

And Yongle, because Persia, the East of Arab art, and China’s original art integration and in the porcelain industry, there is a different kind of wonderful.

“One of the” wonderful strange “is the exotic charm of Islamic culture, so that blue-and-white porcelain in the collision of different cultures, produced a moving artistic charm.

Yongle a kiln prosperity, the Song and Yuan, Xuancheng Nakazawa, the next Kai Kang Qian,

It is a model of the porcelain art of the Ming Dynasty’s official kiln.

One of the blue and white, particularly exquisite, dark green color, exquisite style,

The literati of the Ming Dynasty had a high opinion of it, and it was called “the famous thing that never existed in ancient times”.

Ming Yongle, blue and white, flower ribbon, ear gourd, flat bottle.

H 25 cm


1. The old collection of the Kunst Industrial Museum, Kobenhavn,1950,58;
2. Karl Kempe, a Swedish collector, is a former Tibetan. No.1068

Among them, during the Ming Yongle period[blue-and-white flower ribbons with ear gourd flat bottle] will have a clear foreign color.

It’s an old collection of Swedish collectors, Karl Kempe, modeled after Western Asia’s Arab bronze and known as the “moon bottle.”

The body of this piece is dignified and graceful, and the body is white and delicate.

The blue and white flower uses the fine Su Ma Li green material, the hair color is beautiful, the pattern decoration is fresh and elegant, unrestrained and natural,

Full display Yongle blue-and-white porcelain elegant and beautiful artistic charm.

Elegant and novel floral elements add a touch of softness to the prim design.

Ming Yong Le green peach small bowl
D 11 cm
REMARKS:. ..a collection of important private collectors in Japan.

[Ming Yong Le green peach grain small bowl] shape dexterous and delicate,

This bowl is rare in the world and represents the artistic achievement of Yongle Imperial Kiln porcelain making.

Yongle blue-and-white with its fine embryo glaze, the rich color of blue,

Ming Yongle blue and white flowers in Arabic
D 17.8 cm H 17 cm
REMARKS:private collector’s collection in Cologne, Germany

This is the collection of private collectors in Cologne, Germany.

Respecting up and down, the body is like a tube, the bottom of the mouth is interlinked, the whole body is painted with blue and white flowers and round open-light Arabic characters;

The non-stop guard shall be the tray holder for supporting the placing device,

In Yongle period, Jingdezhen official kiln absorbed the plastic art of objects in Western Asia.

Burned with exotic porcelain, it reflects the achievements of cultural exchange between China and foreign countries at that time.

Ming Yongle blue and white flowers twined with branches
D 41 cm.
REMARKS:Taiwan’s Senior Collector’s Collection

Yongxuan blue and white flower can become the first peak in the history of Chinese blue and white flower development.

Its official kilns use the unique West Asia cobalt material “Su Ma Liqing” can be said to contribute.

This[blue and white twined flowers] reflects the Yongle period of the Su Majie blue and white firing of the very high control of the blue and white,

Yongle blue-and-white porcelain shape mellow, not only inherited the former style,

It also absorbs a great deal of foreign elements.

It represents the artistic achievements of Yongle Imperial Kiln in porcelain-making.

Yongle blue-and-white with its fine embryo glaze, the rich color of blue,

Shape variety and beautiful decorative and crowning the world, generally no money, only a few have a year.

Mingxuande yellow ground green flowers, chrysanthemum waves, broken branches, fruit plate
Daming Xuande year
D 32 cm
REMARKS:. ..France ‘s important private collectors.

After Yongle,

Zhu Gaochi and Zhu Zhanji of the Ming and Xuanzong had adopted the policy of leniency in governing the country and encouraging the army and the people.

During the early Ming Dynasty, the social economy was restored and developed by Hongwu, Jianwen and Yongle Dynasties.

To Renzong, Xuanzong two dynasties, the social economy appeared “benevolent Xuanzhi” prosperity of the scene.

Among them, Huangdi Qinghua set fire from Xuande Imperial Kiln,

Can be said to open later generations of low-temperature color decorative imperial porcelain, far-reaching impact in the Yongqian Imperial Kiln is also famous.

This[Huangdi Qinghua inside chrysanthemum waves outside the fold branch flower fruit plate] is Xuanyao Huangdi Qinghua outstanding, originally for the important French collectors.

All the patterns are decorated with blue and white flowers, with a heart-to-heart painting of chrysanthemum, a week-to-day painting of sea waves, and a wall-to-wall painting of three or more patterns of fruit and flowers,

The painted brush is vivid, the fruit is rich and attractive, and the flowers are graceful.The decorative layout is elegant, although the composition is complex, but it is dense and not messy.


Blue and white cangya thick, yellow glaze bright delicate.The bottom of the exposed tire without glaze, the mouth along the outside of the internal book “Daming Xuande year” letter.

Refer to the public and private collection, the Ming Dynasty yellow blue-and-white varieties to the blue-and-white painting peony, gardenia for the majority, and the market circulation is wide.

Chrysanthemum embellishment seems to be the only, very rare.

Ming Xuande green flower entwined branch lotus big bowl
Daming Xuande year
D 28 cm


1.”Yuan and early Ming blue and white porcelain”No.22, Eskenazi. London, June 1994;
2.”A Dealer’s Hand: The Chinese Art World Through The Eyes of Giuseppe Eskenazi”, London, 2012;

Exhibition:Yusheng Shijin _ Yuan Ming and Qing Dynasty Official Kiln Porcelain Collection, May 2015

3. Important private collectors in the United States

And[blue flowers entwined the big bowl of clematis] for Xuande a new style,

Also only see sprinkling blue glaze dark carved dragon bowl and blue and white cloud dragon bowl, are known as thick embryo flat mouth.

The book of this product, “Daming Xuande year”, is horizontal, simple and vigorous, ancient, is not mediocrity.

Shen Du’s calligraphy was deeply loved by the holy spirit, and the Emperor Xuande often took it as his master. Shen’s family had a great influence on the court’s cultural life in early Ming Dynasty.

Ming Xuande blue and white peony cone arch dark flower bowl
D 20.2 cm
REMARKS:Christie’s New York,2006.03.29, Lot442

If this[blue and white peony cone arch dark flower bowl], the bowl wall dark carved flowers, and the theme of the decoration echo, looming.

With dark flower craftsmen in Xuande imperial plate, bowl and other objects rarely appeared, less than the Yongle period.

The history appears in the scene in several Xuande Qinghua kiln, visible dark flower craftsmen very few.

The collection and market circulation of this product are mostly dark etchings.

However, compared with Xuande’s shape, decorative imperial kiln, such varieties are also outstanding examples.

H 37 cm
REMARKS:Taiwan’s important private collection

In the history of the use of hemp hemp green materials, in addition to the eternal prosperity,

There were also in the orthodox, Jingtai and Tianshun periods,

And because of the different firing process and the different temperature, reducing atmosphere and other reasons,

There are obvious differences in the color of Su Maleqing in various historical periods.

If this[Qinghua flower Gui-type furnace] for Xuande to orthodox period,

Its glaze is thick and thick, the blue and white flower hair is rich and colorful,

The techniques of floral embellishment in the abdomen were characterized by Yongle and Xuande in the early Ming Dynasty.。

And[Ming orthodox Qing Hua Sanskrit with Qin visit friends map jar] the whole picture movement pen is smooth,

It shows a high level of painting and a strong sense of elegance.

In addition, “Tomorrow’s” is a typical transition product of the early and middle Ming Dynasty.

W 27.5 cm
REMARKS:Taiwan’s important private collection