A Brief Introduction to the Blue and White Porcelain of Yuan Dynasty
Yuan blue-and-white porcelain (also known as Yuan Qing-hua), is the Yuan Dynasty production of blue-and-white porcelain.Blue and white porcelain was produced in the Tang Dynasty and flourished in the Yuan Dynasty.The mature blue-and-white porcelain appeared in Jingdezhen in Yuan Dynasty. The most important feature of the decoration is the full composition, multi-level without disorder.
Yuan blue-and-white porcelain changes the traditional porcelain implicit and introverted style, with a clear visual effect, giving a concise pleasure.With its heroic spirit and original spirit of art, the art of blue-and-white painting to the peak, established the prosperity and long-lasting future of blue-and-white porcelain.
The social drama of Yuan Dynasty flourished, and the northern Mongols were fascinated by the historical stories of the Han people in the South. The plot of the characters in the drama moved deeply the simple feelings of the Mongols.Solidify the story on the heavy and strong porcelain pot, put into the yurts, in the storage of food and sundries, but also at all times to appreciate the endless aftertaste of the drama story.Even if you kick with your feet, you won’t be easily crushed.Those thick and flat Yuan Qing Hua can, the Mongolian royal aristocracy to become a practical tool of life.Its painting, the general use of paper-cut or plate-cut block printing to take part of the puzzle, in the porcelain tire filled with color.Exhibits the rich new year picture flavor.Because lack original, except modelling is different, delicate degree is much the same as small.The Yuan Dynasty was a period of intense integration of the North and the South cultures.
I can’t see the confusion of the future, I don’t know how many intellectuals know the past and know the present.But the great fusion of culture always produced the final result, which was clearly recognized by the painter Wu Zhen (1280–1354) at the time.He passes through the sky elephant, fine calligraphy and painting, swim in the landscape again.This kind of result is expressed in its own way of understanding to comfort the world, it also shows the historical law of cultural convergence.Because of the overblown brilliant blue at that time, in many Han people’s concept is difficult to accept, the pot in color on the use of gray-blue tone.Using abstract original paintings, camel and phoenix represent the collision and ending of two cultures.In addition, with the relief chart, the beautiful blue beam of phoenix’s body, elongated claws protruding forward, symbolizes its far-reaching influence.Unique artistic conception and profound cultural connotation make people daydream.The Yuan Dynasty, with a vast territory and no troops guarding the frontier, was a more active period of foreign relations in the ancient history of China.The common people culture of Yuan Dynasty is very prosperous. Tang poetry, Song Ci, Yuan Opera and Ming and Qing novels are three gems in the history of Chinese ancient literature.The Yuan Dynasty painting is simple and broad, and magnificent, the grass and trees clever, is still the mainstream style of Chinese painting.The porcelain-making industry in the Yuan Dynasty was more prosperous and more open-minded.
Jun porcelain from the court to the social popularization, although do not know Jun porcelain kiln change control technology, the natural kiln change sometimes can also be ingenious.Longquan Kiln was built in Song Dynasty because of the imitation of the color of firewood kiln in Yuan Dynasty.Metallic porcelain in general light bright color, simple and accurate hair color, black is the soul of metamaterials color.In particular, Jingdezhen and Yonghe Town in Jiangxi Province are also high-profile and emerging.Blue and white, single-color glaze, thin-film glaze and under-glaze color, overglaze color and so on constantly emerge, black-glazed wood leaf lines and change the sky eye is amazing.Rough and fine co-existence covering almost all varieties of Ming and Qing dynasties, for the modern porcelain-making laid a solid foundation.From the deep nature of the Song porcelain to the direct expression of the Yuan porcelain thought, although the Song and Yuan porcelain art style is very different, but both profound and extraordinary.It is the two peaks in the history of China’s porcelain-making after the Five Dynasties Chai Kiln.After the Yuan Dynasty, Chinese art basically stopped original, to Qiao Ya small interesting development, and a uniform, innovative boutique is not good.Now, the glory of Chai Yao is still brilliant, as a historical monument shining the door of innovation re-opened.Wuzhen painting: yuanqinghua camel phoenix bird can, select good permeability of high-quality martensite soil, a layer of light-tight glaze on the inner wall of the tire, so that the inner pressure of the tire is released outward to enhance the movement of blue and white painting.This technology has been used in the Qing Dynasty Qianlong enamel porcelain.2. Yuanrenzong (Poll). Love Yuriba. Li Ba Da,1285–1320) Yuan Qing Hua characters sea green glaze bowl, jade tire.Select the whole white jade repair system.Ghost millet out of the mountain to control the beast-controlled people easy to master and calm the spirit of leisure.The number of nine squares in the circle is the supreme number.3, Yuan Renzong, Yuan Qinghua character coral red glaze bowl.The Yuan Dynasty had “three, six, nine” number worship, in which “nine” for the supreme number. From the Yuan Dynasty, red represents celebration, games and so on. Among them, the ship-shape, cabinet-shape, triangle represent obstacles and opportunities (that is, space-time traverser). 4. Wuzhen painting: the Yuan Qinghua character Dodeng Xianlu, reflecting the scholar-bureaucrat class at the time of Daodenxian’s desire, is a relatively common social phenomenon at that time. This furnace adopts the technology of intake and exhaust of the inside of the tyre made by firewood kiln. 5, (Yuan Renzong) Yuan Dynasty black glaze wood leaf patterns and changes in the eyes of the sky, hair soft stand, such as magic work, it is amazing.
Yuan Dynasty Jingdezhen bottles, cans and other types of tools, using segmented tire, and then used to bond with the tire mud from the surface of the adhesive often protuberance, gives a sense of unevenness, external wall contact mark after grinding, but the inner wall connection mark is still clearly visible, the inside of the neck of the device slightly added cutting, the inner wall are not repaired, Therefore, in the apparatus at the base, abdomen, mouth, and other places fetal body grafting is obvious.The general device of the foot edge is irregular, there is a bending phenomenon, which shows that the Yuan Dynasty tire is not careful to repair the billet, so it appears that the molding process is rough.But small utensils also have exquisite person, fetal quality appears white fine.Chopped foot treatment method common foot end of the base of the external wall oblique cutting a knife, large body foot width and thickness for the feet, deep and shallow digging feet.The circle of objects is not very neat, curved.At the bottom of the machine, the spiral cutting marks can be seen. The bottom of the big bottle and the big pot are roughened and roughened. The cutting marks of the disk and bowl are thin and dense.The bottom and inside and outside of the ring foot are bonded with kiln sand, some of which have been melted into the glaze.The tall feet of the tall cup are joined with the body of the cup with mud, where yellow or paste can be seen at the junction of the mud squeeze, the end of the cup to the foot of different thickness circle.The cap of the sub-clasp sleeve structure is formed with the sub-buckle and the device cover, and the joint mark can be clearly seen on the cover.The bottom body of the bowl is thick, the foot is exposed, the center is slightly protuberant, commonly known as” umbilical “shape, is actually the mark of drawing.In order to prevent the bottom from falling, a round cake or circle made of fireclay should be placed in the center of the bottom of the large ware, which is formed from the point.Most of the bottom of the large pot wide circle foot, irregular, some of the bottom center has a shallow thread trace.Generally large pieces of material thick body, but moderate weight, such as overweight or ultra-thin are worth considering.