Collection of dry goods: Ming Jiajing to Wanlimin kiln “Green porcelain” identification points
Today, the editor will take you through the identification points of the “Blue and White Porcelain” of Mingjiajing to Wanli Min Kiln.
Ming Jiajing (AD 1522—1566)
(1) Typical device: During this period, the utensils obviously reacted into the late Ming Dynasty, and the blue-and-white porcelain changed again significantly. The typical ones are seven pieces of blue and white flowers unearthed from the Jiajing first year of Jingdezhen and the forty-one year of Jiajing. The blue-and-white front dragon disc unearthed from the tomb of Yizhuang Wang in Jiajing, Nancheng County, Jiangxi Province. The Shanghai Museum houses the “Jiajing Xinxianian System” blue and white flower and bird bowl. Xin Xinnian was Jiajing forty years (1561). The kiln site is Hutian, Guanyin Pavilion and Situ Li in Jingdezhen.
(2) Green material: It is mainly used to return to the green material, which is different in color and purple. Common color halo, blurred texture, is the reason why the proportion of green in the green material is too high or the fire is too much. There are many varieties of blue and white, including white and blue flowers, yellow and blue flowers, blue and white flowers, blue flowers in the outer blue, blue and blue in the outer red glaze, and blue and white.
(3) Decorative ornamentation: The painting method is mostly single-line flat coating. It is good to fill the color, not to the outside of the line, the fine work, the poor flow to the hook line, the subject matter is wrapped flowers, dragons and phoenixes, flowers and birds, fish algae and so on. Decorative features: flower group words. The flower branches and pine branches are used to form the blessings and longevity, and some of the flower branches are blankly written. There are grain harvests, Tianxia Taiping, Yongbao longevity, and Guotai Pingzi. There are many characters in the Eight Immortals. There are Lu Chunyang, Laojun Alchemy, and Dragon Patterns. There are positive dragons and garden infants. The children’s heads begin to grow bigger and robes. The dragon pattern began to have a positive dragon, a dragon and a dragon, and was used in large quantities during the Longqing and Wanli. Peony leaves are like chicken feet, and gossip, eight auspicious, and ganoderma patterns are also used.
(4) Fetal glaze: The tire is not as delicate as Xuande, and the white brilliance is fine. Although the glaze is fine, the brightness is strong, and it is not as thick and flashy as the middle. Individual thick glaze is turbid. Most of them are green glazes, the glaze is not flat enough, and there are hidden ripples.
(5) Styling: The overall style is dignified. Larger parts have increased. The gourd-shaped bottle began in Zhengde, and it was popular at this time. There were also round bottles, multi-neck bottles, square bottles, square bottles, and plum bottles with lids. The bottles started with a live ring. The fruit box has a square shape. The pot pot is dominated by a simmering stove. Individual wine glasses are exquisite and thin. There are statues of Eight Immortals, Wenchang, Shouxing and Zhenwu.
(6) Recognized: There are many styles, and the lucky ones are: Long Life Jiayi, Fushou Kangning, Wanfu Yitong. Proverbs: rich and expensive, top grade good equipment, food Lujia device, rich and expensive Changchun. Special models include “wine”, “soup”, “tea” and so on. There is also a class name of Dongshutang and Dongluo.
(7) Process: Do not pay attention to tire repair, bottle and tank interface is obvious, some two, three, four sections meet, the bowl is rough and not neat, the disc has bottom collapse, the bowl has a kind of bottom raised, commonly known as “steamed head bottom”. The statue has three kinds of square tips: the hand master and the imprint mold are second, and the combination of the two is rare.
Ming Longqing (AD: 1567—1572)
(1) Typical device: Jiajing began to “offtain the official to burn the people”, and the fine products in the folk kiln were comparable to the official kiln. This period of blue and white production is small, but the quality is good. The typical device is the blue-and-white Panzhihua doll from the Nanjing Museum. Anwei Province Qianlong Qingming blue and white card.
(2) Green material: mainly used to return to green, part of the color is pure blue stable, and the other part is gray. The varieties include blue-and-white flowers, blue-and-green flowers, blue-and-white broccoli, blue-and-white flowers, blue-and-green flowers, and blue-and-white flowers.
(3) Decorative: The layout is cumbersome and sparse. The technique is flat coating of a single line, and the coloring work is not spread out. The theme of ornamentation, Panzhi doll, immediately sealed Hou, Feng Houjue is a popular pattern for this period; the more common politicians are stalking dragons and dragons, Tuanlong, Tuanfeng, climbing dragons, scorpion dragons, blue and white flowers Recorded in Zhiba, Liantang poultry, and the composition of the characters.
(4) Tire glaze, shape: delicate, delicate and light. The glazed surface is greasy and bright, and the white is flashing. There are not many large and large shapes, except for the common shapes, which are polygonal, silver ingot, four-corner, hexagonal, and octagonal. Stationery supplies include pen boxes, pen holders, and cymbals. Valuable products include diamond-shaped washing, belt-lifting pots, and high-handed pots.
(5) Opinions: Many “Longqing Year System” and “Longqing Years” four-character and two-line slogans. The word “sheng” in the word “long” is often written as “positive”, and the quotation is unilateral or frameless. The lucky money is: Wanfu Tongtong, Fushou Kangning, Yongbao Changchun and so on. The proverbs are rich and expensive, top grades, Changchun Jia, and next year’s best.
Ming Wanli (AD 1573-1620)
(1) Typical devices: In this period, there are many artifacts in the Ming Dynasty tombs and burial. Blue and white porcelain wins more. The typical device is the blue-and-white beast and the blue-and-white Panzhi doll bottle unearthed from the tomb of Wanli twenty-one year in Xingan County, Jiangxi Province. Wanli blue and white porcelain unearthed from the site of Jilin Huifa City. 162 pieces of blue and white porcelain in the late Wanli period unearthed in Zhengzhou ancient sag.
(2) Green material: The period is back to the green material, and the color is good and the color is blue and purple. In the later period, it mainly used earth blue and stone green, and the color was gray. The vast majority of blue and white flowers are double-hook lines, reaching more than 2 color prices. The varieties are white blue and blue, blue and white, blue and white, and later used in blue and white, and glaze and blue glaze are widely used, extending to the apocalypse, and the color is elegant and elegant.
(3) Decorative: The layout is dense and messy, the theme is not obvious, and the brush is weak. In addition to the common ornamentation, the theme is more common in flowers and birds, Yunlong, Shoushan Fuhai, Yunhe, Tianma, Suihulong, and fish algae. The story of the characters is often seen in the Eight Immortals Qingshou, the Laozi Lecture, the Oriental Skull Stealing, the Dongbo Night Tour Yebi, the Gaussian, and the Baby Play. Panzhi dolls are common in infant play. The shoulder trim is often used to open the floral pattern. The export porcelain is decorated with exotic flavors.
(4) Fetal glaze: The fetal soil is finer, the degree of porcelain is good, and the tire is thin. The glaze is fine, white and white.
(5) Modeling: The basic features are both thick and thin, both in size. Large fish tanks and embroidered piers; small ones such as cans and small square plates. Pens, cymbals, boxes and other stationery are more common. Various sets of boxes, three-legged boring, and three-legged three-legged furnaces have special shapes for this period. Epitaphs are also common.
(6) Process: It is finer in the early stage and rougher in the later stage. The circle is generally not well regulated.
(7) Opinions: Write more “Da Ming Wanli Year”, a few write “Da Ming Wanli Year System”; more than six words and two lines of stipends, a few six words and three lines; also “Wanli Years” four words and two lines. See the eight-character two-line section “Wanli Year System, Sticky Day Building”, “Wanli nine years, Li Wei set.” More false claims, there are books Xuande, Chenghua, Jiajing. The Nanjing Museum has a blue and white Panzhi doll pattern bowl, the insole heart book “Da Ming Jingnian system”, the outer circle foot book “Da Ming Cheng Huan system”, the font is not regular, both are fake