Basic identification methods for porcelain, old and new
Chinese porcelain evolved from the development of pottery, and the original porcelain originated more than 3,000 years ago. By the Song Dynasty, the famous porcelain kiln had been spread over most of China, and it was the most prosperous period of porcelain industry. At that time, the kiln, the official kiln, the Ge kiln, the kiln and the Ding kiln were called the five famous kiln in the Song Dynasty. At that time, the famous kiln and the kiln were built. The blue-and-white porcelain produced in the Yuan Dynasty in Jingdezhen, Jiangxi Province, known as the porcelain capital, has become a representative of porcelain. The blue-and-white porcelain enamel is transparent like water, the carcass is thin and light, and the white porcelain is coated with blue ornamentation. It is elegant and fresh, full of vitality. Blue and white porcelain became popular as soon as it appeared, becoming the crown of traditional porcelain in Jingdezhen. Wang Sheng of Guangxi, who had a blue-and-white bowl in his hand, was once bought at a high price. Blue and white porcelain is also known as the four famous porcelains, including blue-and-white porcelain, pastel porcelain and color glaze porcelain.
Porcelain is made of porcelain stone, kaolin, quartz stone, mullite, etc. The exterior is coated with glass glaze or painted objects. The forming of the porcelain is to be fired in the kiln through high temperature (about 1280 ° C – 1400 ° C). The glaze on the surface of the porcelain will undergo various chemical changes due to the difference in temperature, which is a treasure of the Chinese civilization.
Basic identification method of porcelain:
Determining the old and new and authenticity of porcelain according to the prescriptions is an important part of the identification work of Silk Road. Today’s handed down products and imitations are mostly Ming and Qing Dynasty porcelains!
Most of the Ming and Qingguan kiln have annual models and features. For example, in the Ming Dynasty, there are so-called “Yongle less, Xuande, Chenghua Feifei, Hongzhi models, Zhengde, and Jiajing.” Therefore, when we identify authentic ancient porcelain, we should first pay attention to the characteristics of the payment, pay attention to the brushstrokes of the style, such as horizontal, vertical, 撇, 捺, hook, pick, point and so on. Because each person’s calligraphy is different, the font of the official kiln must be selected and have a certain level, so the imitation will be cautiously imitated, but there is no place. Too cautious, it is inevitable that it will be lost, and the brushwork is not easy to be vivid and natural. This flaw provides clues for the identification of porcelain.
Identifying porcelain according to the shape is also a more reliable method in the identification work.
Observer shape must first have a basic understanding of historical modeling. The shape of the ceramics is closely related to people’s living habits, aesthetic standards and technical conditions at that time. It can better reflect the characteristics of each era and gradually become more complicated with the recent generations. The ancient shape is simpler than the simple ones. . In terms of the three generations of the Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties, the Yuan Dynasty models are mostly blunt and juvenile, and both the green and white porcelains are more prominent than the Song and Ming porcelains. In particular, the general objects such as altars, cans, bottles, pots and bowls for daily use are quite large. For example, the large blue bowls of the Yuan Dynasty and the red bowls of the glaze have a caliber of 42 cm, and the caliber of blue and white glaze is also about 45 to 58 cm. Because the carcass is thick, it is not easy to burn, and it is inevitable that there are ridges, flattened, concave, convex and other defects. Therefore, many literatures have the theory of roughness of the porcelain.
Identify porcelain according to the ornamentation and color.
From the aspect of ornamentation and color, the ornamentation on the ceramics has the same characteristics of the times as the shape, and with the continuous improvement of the materials and techniques of painting, there are different levels of the times in terms of subject matter and expression. Features. Therefore, it has become a powerful clue to divide the times and identify the authenticity