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APPRECIATING BLUING CULTURAL RELICS
PORCELAINS OF I HE YUAN DYNASTY
《北以文物鉴赏》编委会编
北M美术摄影出版社Colorful Porcelain of Yuan Dynasty

Colorful Porcelain of Yuan Dynasty
Jingdezhen Kiln w

  1. Jingdezhen Kiln Blue and White Phoenix Head Flat Pot
  2. Part (part) of the flat pot with blue flowers and Phoenix heads in Jingdezhen kiln
  3. Jingdezhen Kiln Blue and White Dragon Bowl
  4. Jingdezhen Kiln Blue and White Dragon Bowl (Bowl Heart)
  5. Jingdezhen Kiln Blue and White Bundle Lotus Pear Pot
  6. Jingdezhen Kiln Blue and White Mandarin Duck Playing Jade Bottle Spring Bottle
  7. Jingdezhen Kiln Blue and White Mandarin Duck Playing Jade Bottle Spring Bottle (Part)
  8. Jingdezhen kiln blue and white flower pattern Calendula (pair)
  9. Jingdezhen kiln blue and white flower pattern Calendula (calendula heart)
  10. Green-and-white banana leaf pattern in Jingdezhen kiln (a pair)
  11. Spring bottle with red flower pattern in Jingdezhen kiln glaze
  12. Blue and White Sculpture of Jingdezhen Kiln
  13. Jingdezhen Kiln Blue-and-white Pine, Bamboo, Plum-and-Plum-pattern Kuikou Plate
  14. Jingdezhen kiln blue and white bouquet lotus pattern also
  15. Jingdezhen kiln blue and white bouquet lotus pattern (also heart)
  16. Jingdezhen Kiln Blue and White Glazed Water Moon Guanyin Bodhisattva Statue
  17. Jingdezhen Kiln Blue and White Glaze Water Moon Guanyin Bodhisattva (Part)
  18. Painted green and white glaze of Jingdezhen kiln to depict the statue of Golden Sakyamuni Buddha
  19. Jingdezhen kiln green-and-white glaze peach-holding boy statue
  20. Jingdezhen Kiln Green and White Glazed Monk Hat Pot
  21. Green and white glazed domu pot in Jingdezhen kiln
  22. Green and White Glazed Penholder of Jingdezhen Kiln
  23. Jingdezhen Kiln Blue and White Glazed Gallbladder Bottle
  24. Green and white glaze of Jingdezhen kiln
  25. Jingdezhen kiln green and white glaze lacquer nail carving lotus pattern tripod furnace
  26. Spring bottle of green and white glaze Beaded jade pot in Jingdezhen kiln
  27. Spring bottle of green and white glaze Beaded jade pot in Jingdezhen kiln
  28. Green and White Glaze Grinding of Jingdezhen Kiln
  29. Green and White Glaze Grinding of Jingdezhen Kiln (Details of Grinding Base)
  30. Jingdezhen kiln green and white glaze dragon pattern high foot bowl
  31. Jingdezhen kiln green-and-white glaze engraved peony double-eared flat pot
  32. Jingdezhen kiln green and white glaze steamed pattern with two ears and three feet
  33. Jingdezhen kiln green and white glaze moonlight plum bowl
  34. Jingdezhen kiln green-white glaze Brown lotus leaf-shaped cover pot
  35. Jingdezhen kiln egg white glaze “Wang Bai” high cup
  36. Jingdezhen Kiln Egg White Glaze Binary Tripod Furnace
  37. Jingdezhen Kiln Egg-white Glaze Bowl with Embossed Branches and Lotus Patterns
  38. Jingdezhen Kiln Egg White Glaze Bowl (Local)
  39. Jingdezhen Kiln Blue Glazed White Dragon Plum Bottle
  40. Cloud dragon pattern plate with red glaze printing in Jingdezhen kiln
    a Song ceramic kiln
    Cizhou kiln
    Jun Kiln
    A to Z
    Auction Price of Yuan Porcelain

a Song ceramic kiln

Cizhou kiln

Jun Kiln

A to Z

Auction Price of Yuan Porcelain

  1. &德锇常椅花赋ft A 击(W部)
    Detail ? 79
  2. 说比馆窑々花龙纹碗Blue and White Bowl with Dragon Design, Jingdezhen Kiln 2(f
  3. 镇常ft花尼纹碗(碗心》
    Detail – 2 /
  4. S 德镇辩花束莲纹梨式亦Blue and White Pear Shaped Ewer with I Altus Design, Jingdezhen Kiln
    胃窑汽花鸾鸯戏水
    Blue and White yuhuchun (pear shaped vase) Vase with Design of Mandarin Ducks Playing in Water, Jingdezhen Kiln – 22
    7.贵德w 帘々庀拷吹戏水u.忐卷瓶
    (局部)Detail 24
  5. 锐徳馆帘青花拖卉纹盏托(-对)
    Blue and White Cup-siands with Design of ( hrysanlhcmuni and Peony Scrolls, Jingdezhen Kiln
  6. &德饿窑靑拖伦卉纹盏托< S 心〉
    Detail – 37
  7. 说德镇常身花蕉叶纹鉱 <-对>
    Blue and While gu with Design of Plantain Leaves. Jingdezhen Kiln
    H. M?德镔窑釉里红花卉敌Esfe春瓶
    Undcrglazc Red Yuhuchun Vase with Floral Design, Jingdezhen Kiln ? /
  8. ;fdS泊帘汽?伦雊M獎 戏 姚
    Blue and White Bird Feeder with Playing ( hild, Jingdezhen Kiln
  9. 鼠德笊毡#花松竹梅纹葵l lfi
    Blue and White L()bcd Rim Plate with Three Friends of Winter (pine, bamboo and prunus),Jingdezhen Kiln U
  10. 鼓徳铱窑存花束莲纹I? Blue and While yi-vcsscl with IxMtis Design.
    Jingdezhen Kiln
  11. 贳德镇沱身花束迮纹吆(吆心)
    Detail – 35
  12. 景德镇窑宵ft釉水月观音菩萨像
    Aualo Kitesuara Bodhisaffua Gazing at the Moon over Water, Jingdezhen Kiln ? 36
  13. 景德镇窑青Cl釉水/I观音菩萨像
    (局部)Detail – 36
  14. 蛩德锁窑靑fT釉加漆描金释迦中?
    尼佛像 Bluish White Glazed Seated Sakyamuni Buddha Decorated with Laqucr and Liquid Gold, Jingdczhcn Kiln ? 38
  15. 景德镇窑青白釉执桃竜子像
    Bluish White Glazed Statue of a Child with a Peach in Hand, Jingdezhen Kiln – 39
  16. 景德镇窑青白釉僧帽壶Bluish White Glazed Hu-pol in the Shape of Monk’s Cap, Jingdezhen Kiln ? 40 21. 误徳镇窑青白釉多穆壶Bluish White Glazed Duomu Hu-pot, Jingdezhen Kiln 41 22. 景德镇窑青白釉笵架Bluish White Glazed Brush Rest, Jingdezhen Kiln ‘ 43
  17. 景德镇窑青白釉胞式瓶Bluish White Glazed Vase, Jingdezhen Kiln – 44
  18. 景德镔窑青白釉? Bluish White Glazed Yi-vesscl, Jingdezhen Kiln ? 45
  19. 说德镇窑青釉乳钉刻莲纹三足
    炉 Bluish White Glazed Tripod Burner with Design of Nipple and Lotus Scroll, Jingdezhen Kiln – 47
  20. 景德镇窑育d 釉串珠纹玉壶卷瓶
    Bluish White Glazed Yuhuchun Vase with Beaded Border Design, Jingdezhen Kiln U
  21. 景德锒窑青h 釉申珠纹玉壶春瓶
    (局部)Detail ?收 28. 景德镇窑青白釉磨Bluish White Glazed Model of Millstones, Jingdezhen Kiln – 5()
  22. 嚴徳锒窑青^ I釉磨(磨座细部)
    Detail – 50
  23. 景德镔窑育白釉龙纹高足碗
    Bluish White Glazed Stem Bowl with Dragon Design, Jingdezhen Kiln ? 5?
  24. 设德锁窑靑白釉刻牡丹纹双戽扁
    壶 Bluish White Glazed Flask with [neised Design of Peony Sprays, Jingdezhen Kiln – 53
  25. 景德镇窑青白釉饕餮纹双耳三足
    炉 Bluish White Glazed Tripod Burner with Two Handles and Ogre (Taotie) Design, Jingdezhen Kiln ? 57
    33.景德谈窑N fl釉月映梅纹碗
    Bluish White Glazed Bowl with Design of Moon and Plum Blossom, Jingdezhen Kiln 55
  26. 紧德镇窑青白釉褐彩荷叶形盖罐
    (—对)Bluish White Glazed Jars with Lotus Leaf Shaped Cover and Brown Spots, Jingdezhen Kiln – 57
  27. 景徳镇窑卵白釉“王白”款高足杯
    Egg-white Glazed Stem Bowl with Moulded Lotus Scroll and Wangbai Mark. Jingdezhen Kiln
  28. 锐德镇窑卵白釉双系三足炉Egg-
    Whitc Glazed Tripod Burner with Two l oop Hanedles,Jingdezhen Kiln – 59
  29. 景德镇窑卵白釉凸花缠枝莲纹碗
    Egg-white Glazed Bowl with Impressed Relief U>lus5icrolh Jingdezhen Kiln 60
  30. 蚩德镇窑卵臼釉凸抱缠枝莲纹碗
    (局部)Detail – 60
  31. 景德销窑蓝釉门尼纹梅瓶Blue
    Glazed Meiping Vase with White Dragon Design, Jingdezhen Kiln – 6 J
  32. 饺德镇窑红釉印花云龙纹盘Red
    Glazed Plate Impressed with Cloud and Dragon,Jingdezhen Kiln – 62
    龙泉窑
    Longquan Kiln ? 63
  33. 龙泉窑靑釉骑吼观音痒萨像
    Celadon Avaloitesvara Bodhisattua
    Riding on a Hou,Longquan Kiln – ()4
  34. 龙泉窑宵釉释迦牟尼佛坐像
    Celadon Sakyamuni Buddha, Longquan Kiln – 65
  35. 龙泉窑靑釉凸花海水云龙纹瓶
    Celadon Vase with Impressed Relief Design of Sea Water,Cloud and Dragon, Longquan Kiln ? 67
  36. 龙泉窑靑釉凸花海水Z?龙纹瓶
    (局部)Detail – 67
  37. 龙泉窑青釉印花缠枝莲纹玉壶存
    瓶 Celadon Yuhuchun Vase with Impressed Design of Lotus Sprays and Plantain Leaves, Longquan Kiln – 6<S
  38. 龙泉窑青釉印花牡丹纹尊
    Celadon Vase with Impressed Peony Sprays, Longquan Kiln * 69 47. 龙泉窑青釉褐斑高足杯Celadon Stem Cup with Brown Spots, Longquan Kiln ? 70
  39. 龙泉窑靑釉印花牡丹纹盖赚
    Celadon Covered Jar with Impressed Florals, Longquan Kiln – 70 49. 龙泉窑靑釉云鹤纹唾盂Celadon Spitton with Design of Cloud and Cranes, Longquan Kiln – 72
    磁州窑
    Cizhou Kiln ? 73
    50-5L 磁州窑白地黑花龙凤纹四系
    扁壶 Four Handled Flask with Under-glaze Black Slip Painting Design of Dragon and Phoenix over White Slip Ground, Cizhou Kiln ? 74
  40. 磁州窑白地黑花人物诗文罐hr
    with Underglaze Black Slip Painting of Figure and Poem over White Slip Ground, Cizhou Kiln – 76
  41. 磁州窑白地黑花人物诗文罐(局
    部)Detail ? 77
  42. 磁州窑6 地黑花鱼藻纹大盆Big
    Basin with Underglaze Black Slip Painting of Fish and Water Weed over White Slip Ground, Cizhou Kiln ? 79
  43. 磁州窑白地黑花荷叶形盖鲻
    Lotus Leaf-shape Covered Jar with Underglaze Black Slip of Painting of Chrysanthemum over White Slip Ground, Cizhou Kiln – 80
  44. 磁州窑白地黑花诗文盖續
    Covered Jar with Underglaze Black Slip Painting of Floral and Poem over White Slip Ground, Cizhou Kiln – SI
  45. 磁州窑白地黑花赭彩凤纹權
    Covered Jar with Brown Phoenixes, Cizhou Kiln – 8.3
  46. 磁州窑O地黑花赭彩人物纹盖罐
    Covered Jar with Brown Figures, Cizhou Kiln – 84
  47. 磁州窑白地褐花蠘Jar with
    Brown Florals, Cizhou Kiln – 85 60. 磁州窑白地:花风纹罐Jar with Underglaze Black Slip Painting of Phoenixes over White Slip Ground, Cizhou Kiln – 86
    钧窑
    Jun kiln – 87
  48. 钧窑天蓝釉贴花兽面纹双连If座
    瓶 Sky Blue Glazed Vase with Two Handles, Openwork Base and Animal Mask Appliqure, Jun Kiln – 88
  49. 钧窑天蓝釉贴花兽而纹双连耳座
    瓶(局部)Detail – 88
  50. 钧窑片门釉紫斑花瓣口盘Moon
    White Glazed Plate with Purple Patch and Petalled Rim, Jun Kiln – 9 / 64. 钧窑天蓝釉水丞Sky Blue Glazed
    Water Pot, Jun Kiln – 92
  51. 截釉BIW盒 Soy Brown Glazed Inkstone Box – 9 ?
    小辞典
    Small Thesaurus –
    元瓷拍卖价格
    Auction Price For Porcelains of the
    Yuan Dynasty ? 100
    多彩多姿的元代瓷器
    马希桂
    元朝足我国陶瓷发展史上的重要时期,制瓷业在我国陶瓷发展
    史上占冇极其S:要的地位。元軔政权的逮立,结朿了战争和分裂的
    局面,使国内市场得以统一,既利丁?商品经济的繁荣,又剌激了下-
    工业的进一步发展。加上元代海上交通发达,瓷器大it外销,致使 制瓷业在宋代的基础上打所发展和m进。尤儿足江两S?德钕帘得到 迅速发展,形成内己的风格,逐渐成为全国制瓷、Ik的中心D 成熟的 宵花瓷与釉里红瓷器的炔制,成为中ta陶瓷史上?要发明而莪人史 册。景德镇窑还制作出众多胎质精白细膩,釉色明润细泽,造型别
    致新颖,纹饰艳丽雅致的卨档精品。像北京元大都遗址出I:的rr拖 凤绞扁壶、宵仡束蓮纹梨式壶、青花松竹梅纹葵瓣盘和河北保定、
    江两髙安元代帘藏哼出士的一批元靑花瓷即足例证。
    与青花瓷并称姐妹花的元代创新品种釉里红,与青花瓷的制作
    工序大体相同,只是釉at红用铜红料在眙上细画纹样,再罩以透明 釉,在卨温还原焰气氛中一次烧成的釉下彩瓷。釉甲.纟1:对窑室气铤
    要求比青花更严,因此比青花更难烧成。目前全国收藏元釉取红瓷
    不多,像商安防物馆收藏的严雁纹K、髙足转杯和砍徳锒出i?.的堆 塑W灵塔式盖議和保定元窑藏f 11 土的青花釉里红开光镂花i 罐等, 都是元釉里红瓷中难得的精品之作,令人爱不释手。
    景德镇窑艳丽多彩的钴蓝釉、锏紅釉和卵曲釉等颜色釉瓷的烧
    制成功,是我国制瓷业熟练掌握各种呈色剂的标志,从而结朿了元
    以前瓷器釉色主要是脊釉和白釉的局面,并为明淸现代五颜六色的
    颜色釉的成功烧制奠定了技术与物质?础,在我国陶瓷发展史上占
    冇光辉的一页。扬州博物馆与北? 颐和园收藏的蓝釉白龙纹梅瓶,
    与保定x 窖藏出li的蓝釉金彩岡、宝石蓝和加金彩小杯等,都是元 代钴蓝釉中的佼佼者。
    /d代颜色釉中的另一种铜纟I:釉 ,是将氧铜掺入釉料中,作为 釉施下器表,在窑内烧制而成。虽与釉里红制作工艺不尽相同,何
    都&不易烧成的,W而倍感珍贵。像红釉梨式壶P和红釉哜花Z;龙纹
    8
    釉色鲜红艳丽,细喊润译,亦是元锏红釉瓷巾难得的佳品。
    元代颜色釉中的卵白釉,因籼色略呈鸭蛋#色,故名。卵白釉
    器皿以碗、盘和商足杯算小件器皿最为常见,以印花纹饰尻多。北
    京颐和园耶律铸墓出土的“王白”铭高足杯和4C京大红门张弘纲蓽出
    七的卵臼釉双系三足炉,就是元卵白釉瓷中的代表作。都出十干纪
    年墓中,是我们断代的标准器,吏为珍贵。
    x 代苡德镇窑继承宋代传统,继续烧制身a 釉瓷。元代舞cj釉 瓷色偏青,不如宋代洁净,透光度稍差,胎体一般较宋代厚实。北
    京x 人都遗址和基葬屮出土数si众多的鮮白袖泛,可诮造型美、胎 釉细、纹饰富、数罱多。有哗器嘲力首次发现,成为国内所仅有。
    如育白釉观茳坐像、笔架、饕馀纹双耳三足炉、多穆壶、憎粕壶、
    乳钉莲纹三足炉,以及青白釉吆、杯等。这些新发现的青u 釉瓷极 人地丰富r 我们研究儿代陶瓷的宝库,成力r 分珍贵的实物资料。 元代南方烧制青瓷最著名的窑场是龙泉帘,它创烧丁北宋,阐
    宋至元是极盛时期,到明衰落。元代除继续烧制宋代常见的盘、
    碗、盆、洗和?等run器肌外,大型器物的烧制较前增多,是元代 制瓷丁.艺h的进步和成就。像北京元大都遗址、内朵古呼和法特元 窑藏及朝鲜新安梅庇沉船屮发现的印花牡丹纹人瓶和斯叶葢鎺等,
    都具冇形体卨大,胎壁厚实的特点,是元龙泉窑典型的大器。
    元代龙泉窑集历代w?瓷纹饰之大成,并在此丛础上开创了汴多 新技法。除刻、划、S L 堆塑等技法外,特别流行印花、贴花和加
    彩工艺。北京颐和园收藏的蕉叶纹玉壶畚瓶和a 平元刘通朵出土的 凸花海水云龙纹瓶等,都进用印花工艺烧制的代表性器物。
    元代龙泉窑瓷器的装饰纹样,亦有鲜明的时代特点,除继续流
    行莲花、迮瓣、云雁等疏朗簡洁的阉案与文字外,不少纹怍为尼泉
    窑新创,特別是元中、晚期,&龙泉窑瓷器纹样创作的黄金时代,
    题材丰官多样,多 ; 间盔闻乐见的。亦冇部分反映佛、近思想意
    识的图案,“长命富贵”、“寿比南山”等吉祥文字与工匠、作坊名称
    等,还流行八思巴文字。
    宋代北方四大窑系中的定窑和耀州窑,在元代已渐衰落。磁州
    帘苽在继续牛.产,其质苽和水平远不如宋代。磁州窑创烧干北宋ifd 终千元,历时长达400年之久。它娃北方地区茗名的K 间瓷窑之
    9
    一。所 烧 瓷 器 纯 供 使 用 ,W之造型实用,纹饰生动,宫于浓J?:
    的生活氕息a 磁州窑釉下彩绘瓷器是我同民间瓷帟独具-格的艺术 精品。主要器型有盘、碗、盆、罐、杯、盒、枕、瓶和各种玩具。
    还烧制各式硕人浑厚体重的人緇、大盆、大瓶和大盘、K方形枕
    等。是宋磁州窑所少见。像元大郞遗址出土的黑花四系大坛、黄花
    风纹人罐、黑花鱼藻纹大盆和大盘等,都是元磁州窑烧制的人型器
    物,造型粗犷朴实,坚尚耐用,健美自然,渾19凝重,具扣农厚的
    乡土气息,是磁州窑凡有代表性的典型器物。
    元代磁州窑纹饰题材扭不如宋代丰总,但亦多彩多姿,土要是
    龙凤、花卉、鱼藻等,也冇少景花岛、人物和字纹。尤其是4:墨彩
    绘画后,义川锐器划出细部,称为白地绘划%花,八:艺术效果均桁
    洪的白釉%花剔地工艺扣似,给人一种*:休感,趋简单,成为元磁
    州窑白地黑花瓷巾具有特殊韵味的产品而名扬海内外。
    宋代北方另一座名窑—— 钧窑,元代时虽然仍在烧制,似质量
    却无法与宋代析I媲萁。胎质较忪软,釉而多棕眼,光泽较差,釉色
    天蓝、月白交融,以月白色为主。器型多为碗、盘、炉.洗等门用
    器nib宋代常见的盆、企、洗和件之类的陈设瓷已不多见。大型器 物增多,像北京元大都遗址HI上的天蓝籼贴花矜向纹双耳?连座瓶和
    呼和浩特冗窑藏出土的衔环双厍三足炉等,都是元钧窑生产的人型
    器物,造型梃抜敦!?,在天蓝色釉上散布斑斑艳丽的紫红色,红蓝
    相映,形成光彩绚RR的色调,更显作货粘美。河南禹息?宋元窑工,
    以艽智愨和技艺,烧出如此挤美的锎红釉,在当时万渌从屮-点
    红,格外娇艳,被世人赞赏不已。
    千姿百态的元代瓷器所取得的丰硕成果,极人地肀富了我国陶
    讫宝库,成为万花园中朵朵盛开的奇葩而享畓中外。
    ①莩珲柄:《中w瓷器鉴定苽础》7(>沉, ⑦周丽丽:《中国名瓷欣贫收藏》88页,
    10
    Ceramics of the Yuan Dynasty
    Yuan dynasty is deemed important in the development of Chinese ceramics industry in that it played an extremely important place on ceramics development in Chinese. The establishment of the Yuan dynasty ended up the situation of war and split, united the domestic market, which was good for economic prospering and also stimu-lated further development of handicraft industry. In addition, trans-portation on ocean was developed in the Yuan dynasty, large quan-tity of porcelain were sold out, so ceramics industry was further de-veloped from the base of the Song dynasty. Especially, ceramics in-dustry in Jingdczhen kiln, Jiangxi Province was developed in great speed and its unique style was formed, it gradually became the cen-ter of ceramics in China. As the technique developed and mature, the porcelain of blue and white,underglaze red became very important innovation in Chinese ceramics history、These techniques produced many exquisite, tine,colorful,unique style,and high-grade porcelain.
    Such as,blue-and-white flask with design of phoenix,blue-and-whitc flask with bundled lotus design in pear shape, blue-and-white plate in sunflower shape with design of pine tree and bamboo, all of them were unearthed from Yuan Dadu site in Beijing; some porcelain in the Yuan dynasty kilns unearthed from Baoding, Hebei Province and Gaoan,Jiangxi Province.
    The porcelain of undcrglazc red was a new innovation in the Yuan dynasty, it was called sister technique and shared a similar produc-ing procedure with bluc-and-white porcelain. Underglaze red was produced through the following procedure: the design was painted with red copper material and covered with transparent glaze, then under high temperature formed the underglaze red. Undcrglaze red needed stricter kiln temperature than lhat of blue-and-white, so it
    was more difficult to produce than blue-and-white. Therefore not many underglaze red porcelain relics in the Yuan dynasty are now collected throughout whole China. Such as Yi-vessel with design of reed and goose, stem cup collected in Gaoan Museum, embossed covered jar with design of four pagoda shape unearthed in Jingdezhen, blue-and-white lidded covered jar with underglaze blue and red un-earthed from Yuan kiln in Baoding,they all belong to exquisite and precious porcelain of underglaze red in the Yuan dynasty.
    In Jingdezhen kiln,the bright-colored and beautiful color glazed porcelain, such as zaffre,copper red glaze, and egg white glaze etc. was the symbol of mastering the techniques on colorful porcelain production in Chinese ceramics industry. So it ended up (he situation of blue glaze and white glaze were the main color for porcelain glaze before the Yuan dynasty,it became (he technique and material base for successful of different color glaze in the Ming and Oing dynasties, therefore it was magnificent page in history of Chinese ceramics development. Blue glaze plum vase with design of white dragon col-lected in Yangzhou Museum in Jiangsu province and Summer Pal-ace in Beijing, blue glaze Yi-vessel with golden color, small cup of diamond blue and golden color unearthed from Yuan kiln in Baoding, all belong to the best wares of zaffre in the Yuan dynasty.
    Another color glaze in the Yuan dynasty was copper red glaze, it was produced by mixing oxidizing copper into glaze material and applying on surface of wares,then putting in kiln. Though the tech-nique procedure was different from that of underglaze red,they all difficult to made and so they were precious. Such as red glaze flask in pear shape,red glaze plate with design of flower and cloud and dragon,(heir glaze color was bright, colorful and fine,they were rare in copper red glaze wares in the Yuan dynasty.
    Egg white glaze in the Yuan dynasty was named from its color similar as duck egg. The wares of egg white glaze were mostly bowl,
    plate, stem cup with design of flower. The representatives of egg white glaze wares in the Yuan dynasty were “Wangbai” name stem cup unearthed from Ycluzhu tomb in Summer Palace and egg-white glazed tripod burner with two top handles unearthed from Zhanghonggang tomb Dahongmen in Beijing. Because the tombs had accurate time record, so the wares could be used as time stan-dard for dynasty determination, they were very valuable.
    Jingdezhen kiln in the Yuan dynasty inherited the tradition of the Song dynasty and continued to produce bluish-white glaze. In the Yuan dynasty, the color of bluish-while glaze was more like celadon and not so pure, not so transparent as in the Song dynasty and the shell was thicker than the Song dynasty. Large quantity of bluish- white glaze porcelain were unearthed from Yuan Dadu site and tombs in Beijing, they were beautiful in shape, fine in glaze, rich in design.
    Some porcelain styles were the first time to find and became (he unique in China. Such as bluish-while glazed sitting image of Avalokitesvara Bodhisattva, bluish white glazed brush rest, bluish white glazed tripod burner with two handles and ogre (Taotic) design, bluish white glazed duomu hu-pot, bluish white glazed hu-pot in the shape of monk, cap, bluish white glazed tripod burner with design of nipple and lotus scroll, bluish white glazed yi-vessel and cup. These new found bluish white glaze porcelain greatly increase the research collection of porcelain in the Yuan dynasty, they become the very precious material object.
    In the Yuan dynasty, Longquan kiln was the most famous porce-lain production site. It established in the North Song dynasty and became prosperous in the South Song dynasty to Yuan dynasty, de-clined in the Ming dynasty. Except continued to produce plate, bowl, basin, and jar such common wares in the Song dynasty, Yuan dy-nasty produced more big size wares and it became the achievement of ceramics industry in Yuan dynasty. Such as big vase with im-
    pressed peony design, cover and jar with lotus leaf design etc. un-earthed from Yuan Dadu site in Beijing, Yuan kiln in Huhhot in Inner Mongolia and sank boat in sea bottom in Xin’an Korean, these por-celain wares were typical products of Longquan kiln of the Yuan dynasty with characters of big in size, and thick in shell.
    Longquan kiln integrated celadon design from different dynasties and innovated many new techniques. Except techniques of carving, scratching, picking and embossed sculpture, especially famous for the techniques of impressed decoration, applied design, and applied color decoration. Such as pear-shaped vase with banana leaf design collected in Summer Palace and a vase with design of raised floral, sea, cloud and dragon unearthed from Liu Tong tomb of the Yuan dynasty in Beijing. They were the representative wares produced by impressed decoration technique.
    The decoration design of Longquan kiln porcelain of the Yuan dynasty had significant characters, except words and simple figure of popular lotus flower, lotus petal,cloud and goose,many new de-sign styles were innovated by Longquan kiln. Especially in middle and end of the Yuan dynasty,it was the golden time for porcelain design development in Longquan kiln, the content was rich and diversity, most of them were welcomed by common people. However, there were some figures about ideology of Buddhism and Taoism, words about longevity and precious,longevity longer than southern mountain,name of workers and kilns, and words about Basiba language.
    Ding Kiln and Yaozhou Kiln were among the four most famous kilns in north of the Song dynasty, but they had declined in the Yuan dynasty. Though Cizhou kiln still continued producing, the quality and technique level was far behind the Song dynasty. Cizhou kiln was established in the Northern Song dynasty and ended in the Yuan dynasty,laslcd about 400 years. It was the famous traditional folk
    kiln in northern area and its porcelain product was used by common people, so the style was practical and design was vivid with full of living flavor. The underglazc painting porcelain in Cizhou kiln was the unique and exquisite art in Chinese folk porcelain kiln. The main wares included plate, bowl,basin,jar, cup, box,pillow,vase and different toys- In addition, it also produced different heavy and big size of jar,basin,vase,plate,and rectangle pillow, which was rare in Cizhou kiln in the Song dynasty. Such as four handled big jar with underglaze black slip painting,big jar with underglazc black slip painting of phoenixes,big basin and plate with underglazc black slip painting offish and water weed,they were unearthed from Yuan Dadu site in Beijing and all of them were big wares produced in Cizhou kiln in the Yuan dynasty. These products were rough,simple, firm, durable, beautiful, natural and dignified with a heavy local flavor, they were typical wares of Cizhou kiln.
    Though decoration design for Cizhou kiln in the Yuan dynasty was not so rich as that of in the Song dynasty, the contents in the design were also varied, such as dragon, phoenix, floral, fish and weed, also few flower and bird, figure, and word. Especially the tech-nique of scratching the fine part with sharp tool after ink and color painting, it was called scratching on black-and-white color, its art effect was similar with that of picking on white glaze and black color and giving people feeling of three-dimensional and simple. It be-came the unique product among the porcelain of white glaze and black color in Cizhou kiln in the Yuan dvnasty, well known on do- mestic and abroad.
    Another kiln in the north of Song dynasty was called Jun kiln, though it still produced porcelain in the Yuan dynasty, the quality was not as good as that of the Song dynasty. Comparing with in the Song dynasty,the porcelain in the Yuan dynasty had the following characters: the shell was softer,some holes on glaze, lustre was not
    so shine, the glaze colors were sky blue, moon white, but mainly was moon white; the types of porcelain were common wares like bowl, plate, burner,brush washer, etc. But some common wares in the Song dynasty were not found anymore, such as basin,lian,brush washer, and zun. The size of wares increased, such as sky blue glazed vase with two handles, open work base and animal mask applied, unearthed in Yuan Dadu,in Beijing,three leg burner with two handles with rings unearthed from Yuan kiln in Huhhot,they all big wares and produced by Jun kiln in the Yuan dynasty, the style was heavy and strong with purple red color scattered on sky blue glaze, the color of red and blue formed a dazzling lone and showed a luxurious and exquisite. Kiln workers in Yu county in Henan province,the Song and Yuan Dynasties were very skillful with great intelligent,they produced such exquisite copper red glaze, that was the only red among all the other colors, so it looked unusually beautiful and appreciated by people.
    The varied achievements on porcelain in the Yuan dynasty greatly enriched the treasure house of Chinese porcelain,porcelain wares in the Yuan dynasty had also become precious and well known by do-mestic and abroad.
    16
    景德镇窑
    Jingdezhcn Kiln
    中国最著名的制瓷窑场,在今江西省景德鎮市。相传南朝陈或唐代已开始
    烧制青瓷。宋代以炔制青白柚瓷普你,所烧青白柚瓷,抽色青中显臼、白中
    透青.綮缜温润,具有玉凟感。元代除继续烧制青白柚圯外,还创烧出成熟
    的青花瓷和艳丽的柚里知,并烧制成功钴蓋柚.铜妖柚和卵白柚。明清时
    期,制瓷达到最高水平,成为中国制光1 的中心,有“瓷都”之美称。
    Jingdczhen Ki1n is the most famous porcelain kiln in China,il is located at Jingdczhcn city in Jiangxi province. According to the legend, it started to produce celadon in the South or Tang dynasty. In the Song dynasty it famous for bluish-while glaze,the porcelain of bluish-white glaze had the feeling of jade with blue mixed white. Ex-cept continued to produce porcelain of bluish-white glaze in the Yuan dynasty, it created blue and while porcelain, undcrglazc red, zaffre, copper red glaze,and egg white glaze, made a great contribution to Chinese ceramics industry. In the Ming and Oing dynasties, its ceramics technique reached the supreme level and became the center of Chinese ceramics industry with the good reputation of ^Porcelain
    Capital” .
    Mv£^s 窑
    I . 景 ?钺 窑 存 花 凤 首 壶 ?元 (1271 –
    136S) Blue and While I lask with Phoenix- head Spuut, Jingdezhen Kiln. Yuun Dynasty (1271 1368). 米,U 冷4滩米,
    底冷4 .5I华:米x8J/¥:米, 都博物馆我。
    IS
    Jingdezhen Kiln
    US《雲 r3
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    r i
  52. ? 德镇窑奇花龙纹碗?元(1271-1368)
    Blue and White Bowl with Dragon Design, Jingdezhen Kiln. Yuan Dynasty (1271 1368)
    点y ii米,M冷18雎米,酋郞博物馆藏。
    20
    4 .妖挖浓茁寊花沦纹(蜿心)Detail
  53. 沦糾£淑)1 纹染式布
    ? A 《1271 — 136H) liluu and While Pear Shaped Kwcr w illi Loins Design, Jingdezhen Kiln.
    Yuan Dynasty (1271 —1368) 10.6歴 米 ,n 径2.Kte米,底
    校4J5M!:米 .&都 溥 物 h ‘i? ,
  54. S ffifA 帘 /H fc E V s 戌 水 卫 ? 元 (12″ I 136X) Blue and While Yubuchun (pear shiipcd vase) Vase with Design of Mandarin Ducks Playing in Water, Jingdezhen Kiln, Yuan Dynasty (1271 1368)成29原米,门径8厘
    米,底抒9JJ?米.竹都W物馆
    22
    Jin^dezhen Kiln
    Pi
    ?A
    M 德锁帘
    f匕 足 小 ueiaii
    24
    Jingdezhen Kiln
    8.最徳镇窑靑伦花卉纹盏托(?对)?元
    (1271 – I36H) Blue and While Cup-slands with Design of ( hrysiiinheinuin and Penny Scrolls,Jingdczhen Kiln、Yuan Dynasty
    (1271 – 1爛 通 成 9厘米,激离5厘米,
    口径10庵米,托髙5.1崖米,|A|Uf企5厘 米,外径12.5原米,传都博物馆藏。
    26
    J i n u d e z h s Kil n
  55. KtS铱窑古沱汔卉
    纹盏托(為心)Dciail
    27
    2K
    J i n g d e z h e n Kiln
    in. R德钺窑育花蕉叶紋 触(一对)? 元 (1271 –
    1368) Blue and White gu with Design of Plantain Leaves. Jingdezhen Kiln, Yuan Dynasty (1271 – 136?)通高15.3煉米,tl
    径7 .7 闸米,底径6 原
    米.灯都W物馆藏。
    29
    Jingdezhen
    en
    i b 味德镇窑柚电红花卉纹n #
    瓶 ? 元(1271 – 1368) Underglaze Red Yuhuchun Vase with Floral Design, Jingdezhen Kiln,Yuan Dynasty (1271 — 1368)通髙3 丨.4原米,口径8.4原
    凇.底役io所凇,&都啤物馆
  56. 铱窑青拖雕哦戏巧拎讲?元
    (1271 – 1368) Blue and White Bird Feeder with Playing Child. Jingdezhen Kiln. Yuan Dynasty (1271 —1368)通;Sj
    4.2ffi米.口径3.9厘术,腹径6厘米, 北京市义物研究所敍,
    31
    32
    13.
    洱酿戒璐却珥夯弍班译潴I |睁 ?
    1271
    1 l Blue and 多 hitc Lobcd Kim Plate with
    Three Friends of Winter -pinp h a mh
    cc
    and primus). Jingdezhen K ip Y u a n Dynasty 0271 — 1368)
    s r
    1 .7 2 ? * , u
    F5:
    16 . 5 ? * > ? f
    ->
    一 3 . i * . 畔 袭 項 穿 芬 紮 。
    qnw喇 r
    14.丧德镇帘弁花此1 纹1虫?元 (1271
    一 1368) Blue and White Yi-vessel with Lotus Design, Jingdezhen Kiln,Yuan Dynasty ( 1271 – U6K > 卨4J 妞米. U 柃
    □厘米.比径8匣米,待都博物馆藏。
    34
    “ewi (<7剂)刑
  57. S 德镇窑靑h 釉水fl观音荠萨像?
    (1271 136S) Aualo Kitcsuara Bodhisatfua Gazing at the Moon over Water. Jingdezhen Kiln. Yuan Dynasty (1271 1368)通尚65质
    米 ,泣 郎博物馆藏。
    17.铁窑什白釉水月观齐捭萨像(局部)Detail
    36
    Jingdezhen Kiln
  58. ftfe谈窑打门釉加漆描金铎迦屮尼佛像元(1271- I36K)Bluish White Glazed Seated
    Sakyairiuni Buddha Decorated with I uiquer and Liquid Gold. Jingdezhen Kiln. Yuan Dynasty (127I-I36S ) 联径31.6W米 x21.4厘米,北京艺术傅物馆截。
    3K
    J i B g d e z h s K i h
  59. K 德锒夼存白釉执典竜 ? TC(1271-I36?) Bluish White (ilazed Statue o f ? Child with a Peach in Hand, Jingdezhen Kiln. Yuan Dynasty (1271 1368)卉13甩米,北识r|i文物研究所联.
  60. 柚fWW逄 ? 疋 (1271-1368) Bluish White (iki/ed Hu pot in the Shape (ll Monk s Cap, Jingdezhen Kiln, Yuan Dynasty (1271 – 1368)
    通髙19.7厘 米 ,11径16.3冲 米 .S 郁傅物馆《。
    4<)
    Jingdezbe n Kiln
    21.费德销窑青白釉多杩壶?元(1271-1368)
    Bluish White Glazed Diiomu IIu-poL Jingile/licii Kiln.Yuan Dynasty (1271 — I36K) ?Di24.9/v:米 ,
    11泾9伸:米, 径12.4照 米 .?T都W物馆获。
    I
  61. fet?错窑育白釉龙 匆 . tE ( 1271-1368) Bluish While Glazed Brush Rest Jingduzhen Kiln, Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368)商 11 伸:
    米,M 7川电米,贫
    都傅物馆藏B
    w


    1368) Bluish White (ilazed Yi-vesscl.
    Jingdczhen Kiln. Yuan Dynasty (1271 1368)通成4.6厘米,11径13.3所
    米,I&径8厘米,首都博物馆藏。
  62. K德镇帘捋白釉胆式瓶?
    fi (1271 1368) Bluish While Glazed Vase, Jingdezhen Kiln.
    Yuan Dynash- (1271 1368)
    31匝 米 .U径7厍米,极径7.3
    hll米.北京iff文物研究所藏o
    45
    46
    K9
    J i n > 2 b e n Kihi
  63. ttf對 IVS存白袖乳钉刻违
    纹 :足 炉 ?元 (1271-1368)
    Bluish White Glazed Tripod
    Burner w ill) Design o f Nipple and Lotus Scroll. Jingdczhcii
    Kiln, Yuan Dynasty (1271 —
    1368)通髙12所米.门径23所
    米,啟 物 馆 沿 U
    47
    Jingdezhen K i k
    27.歡 饿 窑 靑 白 釉 中 珠 纹 存 瓶 (局 部 )Detail
  64. & 德镇窑泞0 釉串珠纹:E也春瓶? 元0 2 7 1 –
    1368) Bluish W hite Glazed Vuhuchun Vase with I beaded Border Design, Jingdezhen Kiln,Yuan Dynasty (1271 1368)卉28.21堪米.1丨控7.7顶:米.足打力顾
    米,皆邯W物馆我,
    49
    2x. W?钺 窑 袖 呐 ? 疋
    11271-1368) Bluish White (ilazed Mode] of Millstones, J ingdezhen Ki111, Yuan Dynasty (1271 — 1368)通成
    9匣 米 .K ll.5 紺米,底径
    8.3? 米 , fffC賻物馆藏。
    K德锁帘
    /y
  65. K德钺窑宵14釉
    啦 (晗座细部)l>ClHil
    50
    J g d e z k u Kiln
    51
    3(i. r德镇窑青a釉龙纹髙足碗? /e
    (1271 – I36K) Bluish White Glazed Stem Bowl with Dragon Design,Jingde/hcii Kiln, Yuan Dynasty ( 1271 1368> 通
    11糜米, 米,足径4.58R
    米,祥都溥物馆
    52
  66. S 檢镇窑吉白袖刻牡丹纹双珲扁壶 ?疋<1271 1368)
    Bluish While Glazed Flask with Incised Design of Peony Sprays,Jingdezhen Kiln. Yuan Dynasty ( 1271 1368)通
    40原 米 ,U^I3.5W 米x ll厘 米 .&邰 博 物 馆 *。
    53
  67. S 始访沦古Q t t S 裟纹双H :足 炉 ?
    11271 — 136S) Bluish White Glazed Tripod Burner with Two Handles ami Ogre ( faotie) Design.
    Jingdczhcn Kiln. Yuan Dynasty ( 1271 1368)通
    商29.5魬 米 ,口 fil7 匝米,時都溥物馆
    54
  68. R?德锇窑育fd釉W映梅纹碗?元
    (1271- 136S) Bluisli While Glazed Bowl with Design of Moon and Hum Blossom, Jingdezhen Kiln. Yuan Dynasty (1271 1368)髙3.7厘米,口怿13厘米,£ ft3 .2
    迚米,北京市义物研究所
    56
    34.设德钺窑讶釉褐彩荷叶形忑确(一对)? /C
    (1271 1368) Bluish While Glazed Jars with Lotus Leaf Shaped Cover and Brown Spots, Jingdezhen Kiln. Yuan Dynasty (1271 1368》通ffllU.4 厘米,
    ri径6.3闸凇,底袷5.5旭 凇 ,& 都博物馆藏.
    57
    35.昧德镇沱卵t l 釉 “上白”款岛足杯?元
    (1271 1368) Egg-white Glazed Stem Bi>wl with Moulded Ix)tus Scroll and Wangbai mark.
    Jingdczhcn Kiln,Yuan Dynasty ( 1271 — 1368)
    商9.5厘米,n 径12.5闸米,足径4.5嵐米. 北京市文物研究所鍈。
    58
    J i n g d e z r B K i l n
  69. K ? 铕淖卵白袖双系飞足妒?儿
    (1271 – 1368) Egg-white Glazed Tripod Burner with Two Loop I lancdk’s, Jingdezhen Kiln, Yuan Dynitsly ( 1271 1368)通商9.5?米,口径13匝米,
    物馆截。
    59
  70. R?德锁窑卵A 釉h/fc拥枝迮纹碗? 元(1271 1368) Hgg-while Glazed Bm、1 with Impressed Relief Lotus Scroll, Jingdezhen Kilth Yuan Dynasty (1271 1368) ^3.5(31! 米,门径1(?厘米,足径5.3HP:米,首郁I f 物W flL
    3H. (帘卵0 籼凸花缄枝苞纹碗(£3部> Detail
  71. JitefA窑折袖n 沱纹梅板? 汜(1271 1368) Blue Glazed Mciping Vase wiih White Dragon Design, Jingdczhen Kiln, Yuan Dynasty (1271 — 136H)商330(
    水,口径5厘米,tdiHWv:米.蝴和园管理处栽,
    61
    掀 R am 帘红釉印他z 龙纹盘?记
    永明初 Rcd-gla/ed Plate Impressed with ( loud and Dragon, Jingtlczhen K iln . Laie Yuan Dynasty and early mi ng Dynasty 米,11 }^16RT
    米, 9.7服米,酋郞W物馆
    62
    龙泉窑
    Longquan Kiln
    我国尚方采元时期著名圯窑。在 今 浙 江 省 龙 泉 县 钊 烧 于 北 末 ,极盛
    亍宋元,衣落于明。是受越窑、婺窑和瓯窑的彩响专烧青元的圯窑,北宋晚
    期至南宋早期,以刻花耥以虼点或延划纹饰为主9 南宋中期至元初,逐漸形
    成自己的特色,成功地烧出粉青柚和梅子青柚.使青柚之美达到一个高峰,
    成为龙泉窑的鼎盛时期9 为追应辱柚的特点,以堆花、印花和贴花取代刻花
    和划花.成为这时期青圯装饰的主流,使器型史为美观别效# 造型多种多
    样,尤以鬲式炉、堆塑龙虎盖罐和八卦炉等为代表s 物而深受人们喜爱,
    Ijongquan kiln was the famous porcelain kiln in south China in the Song and Yuan dynasties, it was localed in Ixingquan county, Zhejiang province and was estab-lished in the Northern Song dynasty,prospered in the Song and Yuan dynasties, declined in the Ming dynasty. It was influenced by Yue kiln,Wu kiln and Ou kiln, so it became a special kiln for producing ccladun. In end of the Northern Song dynasty lo I he early Southern Song dynasty, the main decoration was carved design with castor spot. From middle of the Southern Song dynasty to the early Yuan dynasty; it gradually formed its characteristics, successfully produced powder-green glaze, plum-grccn glaze, which reached the pick of celadon beauty, became the most pros-perous period in Longquan kiln. In order lo match the character of thick glaze, embossed decoralioiK impressed decoration and applied floral decoration were used to replace carved decoration and incised design, which became the main decoration for celadon and made the wares more beauty and unique. People loved the varied shapes of porcelain, especially mortar-shaped censer, covered jar with dragon and tiger design,and Da Gua incense burner.
    41.龙枭帘拧釉骑吼观& 菩萨像?元 (1271
    1368) Celadon Avaloitesvara Bodliisuduu Riding on a Hou, Iniigqiuin Kiln. Yuan Dynasty (1271 1368)通商24W米,打都傅物馆蜣。
    64
    42.农泉窑育釉释迦牟尼佛坐像? 元(1271
    1368) Celadon Sakyamuni Buddha. Longquan
    Kiln. Yuan Dynasty (1271- 1368)通商25.4冲
    米,纹都摊物馆
    65
    66
    1
    b n s u a n Kiln
    44.龙泉窑青袖A花海水云
    龙纹版0 3 郞)Detail
    43.尼泉窑靑釉凸花海水z i龙坟
    牧 ? /C (1271 – 1368) Celadon
    Vase with Impressed Relict Design
    of Sea Water,Cloud and Dragon,
    Lungquan K iln , Y uan D yn a sly
    (1271 1368)高26.5;里米,11 径
    5.5厘米,酋都博物馆藏,
    67
    个:
    ,:
    6K
    45.龙泉窑吉柚印花缠枝莲纹J i菇春 瓶 疋 (1271 – 1368) Celadon Yuhuchun Vase with Impressed Design of Lotus Sprays and Plantain leaves. Longquan Kiln. Yuan Dynasty (1271 1368)商23原米,I I
    泽6.8叱米,眹砬8?米,北京市文物研究所鉞、
    L o s — Kiln
    4 6 .龙泉窑青釉印花牡丹纹尊?元(1271-1368)
    Celadon Vase with Impressed Peony Spras, l.ongi|uan Kiln. Yuan Dynasty (1271 1368)通商55照米,门?5 24J?:)K. W /fm ypx凇,颐和W管现处诔。
    69
    4 7 .尼泶辩冇fill褐班岛足怀? X
    (1271 – 1368) Celadon Stem ( ’up with Bmwn Spots. I?ngquan Kiln,
    Yuan Dynasty (1271 1368)髙8.4
    祖米,口 径 凇 . h ii^.S lT; 米,首郎博物馆截,
    48.龙泉窑卄柚印I t 牡丹纹旅
    罐 ? flJ( cladon Covered
    Jar w ith Im pressed F lo ra ls,
    Longquan Kiln, Late Yuan Dynasty and Early Ming Dynasty
    ;也成1?姐米,口径15.8妞凇.
    底柃10.5原米.北京山文物研
    究所SL
    70
    Lougqiun kiln
  72. * 泉帘青籼云鹤纹唾
    (1271 – 1368 ) Celadon Spitlon with Design ol ( loud and Cranes. Longquan Kiln,Yuan Dynasty (1271 — 1368)
    5.9厘米,口径17.6厘米,北京rK文 物研究所
    72
    磁州窑
    Cizhou Kiln
    中国北方宋元时期著名民间无窑,在今河北省磁县观台縝和彭城锖地区,
    创烧于北宋而终于元,历时长达400年之久3 产品以白无、黑瓷和白地黑花瓷
    为主。装饰手法有绘花、划花、别花和珍沬地划花等,主要纹饰为花卉、足
    凤壷藻和人物纹,尤以诗丈題材最具特 色 .主要器型有碗,盘、盆.罐 、
    奩、枕等元代以白地黑花柚下彩绘瓷、褐彩及緣柚柚下黑彩为主.大央器
    物嶒多,质量远不如宋代。
    Cizhou Kiln was a famous non-governmental kiln in northern China of the Song and Yuan dynasties, it was located at Guantai and Pengcheng townships, Cixian county in Hebei province. Il was established in the first year of the Northern Song dynasty and lasted for 400 years. Main products were white porcelain, black porcelain, and black-and-white color porcelain. The decoration techniques were mainly painted decoration,incised design, sgraffito, and incised design on pearl background. Main decorations were floral design, design of dragon,phoenix, fish, weed and figure,especially famous for design of poetry and prose. These designs were vivid an(J simple with full of local flavor. Main produced wares were bowl, plate,basin, jar, lian,pillow etc. In the Yuan dynasty, the porcelains were mainly black-and-white color underglaze painting, brown painting, green glaze and under-glaze black painting,big size wares were increased, but the quality was not as good as of the Song dynasty.
    50-51. K:州f f it l地龙花龙以纹四 系 th iit ? 7L (1271 136X) I’uur Handled Flnsk with Undcrglaze Black Slip l》ai”liiig Design of Dragon and Phoenix over While Slip Ground, (‘izlum Kiln. Yuan Dvnasly ( 1271 -136S) A 3 3 ? 米 ,门 径 6.5,<
    米.拎郞W物馆截A
    74
    Cizhou Kilu
    52.磁州帘t l地黑花人物诗文罐?元(1271 – 1368) Jar with IJndcrglazc Black Slip Painting of Figure and Poem over White Slip Ground, Cizhou Kiln,Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368)南41 厘米? 口径8厘米,底
    砼17.5厘米,首都|醇物馆藏。
    76
    磁州格
    C i z h o u Kiln
    54.磁州窑Q地黑花色藻纹大岔?元(1271-
    I36H) Big Basin with Underglaze Black Slip
    Painting of Fish and Water Wecil(iver While Slip Gruund, Cizhou Kiln. Yuan Dynasty (1271 1368〉豳16.2伸:米,口径48.5原米,故径23.5
    雎米, 都博物馆SL
    79
    5 5 .磁州窑白地黑花荷叶形盖罐?义(1271 –
    1368) Lotus Leaf-shape Covered Jar with Underglaze Black Slip of Painting of Chrysanthemum over White Slip Ground, Cizhou Kiln. Yuan Dynasty (1271 1368〉通髙16.3W米,口径9.7匝米,紐 7.3厘
    米,北京市文物趼究所截,
    80
    C i z h o u K H n
    56.磁州窑白地黑花诗文左嫌?元(1271 –
    136S) Covered Jar with Undcrglaze Black Slip Painting of Floral and Poem over White Slip Ground,Cizhou K iln,Yuan Dynasty <1271 – 通布29.2厘 米 ,I I 径 116厘
    米,底径12.5匝米.首郎傅物馆?。
    81
    82
    C i z h o u Kiln
    57.磁州帘门地黑伦褚彩风纹
    織 . J£ (1271-1368) Covered Jar with Brown Phoenixes, Cizhou Kiln. Yuan Dynasty (1271 l-WO 通商4 5.5 沖:凇,
    11径27蹴米,底径25厘米,皆
    都傅物馆藏,
    83
    5K.磁州窑A 地黑沦袜彩人物纹盖罐?元未明初
    Covered Jar with Brown Figures, Cizhou Kiln, Late Yuan Dynasty and Early Ming Dynasty 通成21 厘
    米,11径12.5厘米.底径12.1)逼米,纹都溥物馆
    84
    59.磁州窑A 地褐花罐? / t (1271 1368) Jar with Brown Florals,C’izhou Kiln, Yuan Dynasly (1 2 7 I-D 6 8 )商25.5埘米,口控17.5旭米,足
    杜11?米,北求市文物研究所
    85
    磁州贫
    60.磁州窑白地黑仡凤纹球:? 乂; (1271- 1368)
    Jar with Undergluze Black Slip Painting of Phoenixes over White Slip Ground,Cizhou Kiln, Yuan Dynasty (1271 1368) iS538h(米,口校
    18?米,底径19.4?米,纹都溥物馆藏,
    86
    钧 窑
    lan Kiln
    北宋,金著名无窑之一。窑址在今河南省為甚,古属钓州,因名。创烧于
    北宋,金、元继之? 鈞窑利用铁、甸呈色的特点,烧出蓝中带红.紫地或纯
    天青、纯月白的多种柚色灼光烧制成功,改变了以前只有高温青柚、黑抽
    和白柚的妁面,丰畜了光矜的色调和美感。并为明、清两代素德依鲜fx柚的 高度成就莫定了衣絀Q 北宋时期主要烧制花盆、洗和尊等陈设光,,金、元时
    期改烧盘、炉、壶,堆和洗辛,大件器型比來代增多6 胎质较宋忪软,柚面
    多棕眼,光泽较差3 釉色天蓝.月白交融,以月白色为主,施柚不到底,阁
    足内外无柚。
    Jun Kiln was a famous porcelain kiln in the Northern Song and Jing dynasties, it was loaned at Yuxian county in Henan province and started to produce porcelain in the Northern Song dynasty,lasted to the Jing and Yuan dynasties, [t used iron and copper to produce varied colors of glaze, such as red in blue, purple spot, pure sky blue, pure moon white. These achievements changed the situation of only a few glaze colors like high temperature blue glaze, black glaze, and white glaze,greatly enriched the color tone and aesthetic feeling of porcelain, which became the foun-dation on big progress on fresh red glaze in Jingdczheng kiln of the Ming and Oing dynasties. In the Northern Song dynasty, it mainly produced floral pot. brush washer and zun, but it changed to produce plate, burner,kettle Jar, brush washer in the Jing and Yuan dynasties, the number of big size wares was more than that of the Song dynasty. Comparing with the Song dynasty, porcelain of the Yuan and Jing dynas-ties had the characters of soft shell, pinhole on glaze, lustre was not so good,glaze was blue sky mixed with moon while, bul mainly was moon white, usually glaze was not applied on bottom of the wares.
  73. 钧窑大蓝釉贴花兽向纹双连耳座瓶?元 (1271 –
    I36S) Sky blue glazed vase with two handles, openwork base and animal mask appJiqurc, Jun kiln,Yuan Dynasty (1271 13泌)通髙63川T:米,口 f?:⑸T d 弦校17.5
    厘米,皆郞W物馆
  74. 钧帘灭?蓝釉贴化汽而纹奴连环座戕(局部)Detail
    KK
    90
    h o Kiln
    63.构窑片白釉紫斑花辮H盘 ? 7C
    ( 1271- 1368) Moon White Glazed Plate with Purple Patch and Petalled Rim, Jun Kiln, Yuan Dynasty (1271
    跑米,门泠I3te米,陝 译4.7瓯米,首部W物馆趕&
    91
    64.钓窑入&釉水承? 疋 (1271 – 136K)
    Sky Blue Glazed Water Pol, Jun Kiln. Yuan Dynasty (1271 – 1368)商HX5pj(米,H 径
    5.6煉米,底怜6炖凇.汴都W物馆
    92
    J l n
    6 5 . 酱袖㈣砚盆? /£ (1271
    136K) Soy Brown Glazed Inkslone Box, Yuan Dynasty ( 1271 — 136S)
    商5.8服米,口抬8.6跑米,底柃9
    厘米,曾郞W物馆藏,
    93
    小辞典 Small Thesaurus
    ■胎
    ft!瓷器的坯烧成后即是胎, 其原料主要由铽化硅、氧化铝、
    氣化铁等化7 成分组成,尚怀少
    凌钾、钠、钙等,由丁所含的化
    学成分不H , 因ifiL胎就冇所小 同。有瓦胎.缸胎、浆胎、陶胎
    成瓷胎。眙色也略冇差异,
    小辞典
    ■釉
    是附r 陶瓷坏体表面的玻璃 质傳釉。商代原始瓷I?.已使用。
    ?般以f i ^ 、 长石和黏士.为原 料。化学组成为氣化硅、試化
    铝 .氣 化 铁 .滅 化 钙 、鉍化钾
    I 用泠、喷 .沾 % A法施十坏
    体表面焙烧rfri成。由十所含金属 氣化物的不 同 ,以及烧成氕氛的
    糾 ,釉 &冇 作 、黑,绿、江和
    蓝等,
    Matrix
    Matrix is ihe roughcast for porcelain wares after baking. There are lile matrix, jar matrix, mud matrix, pot-tery matrix and porcelain matrix.
    Glaze
    Glaze is a Ihin material to cover (be roughcasl surfiice of porcelain and pollery. The colors of ihc glaze arc blue, black, green, and red etc.
    ■旮花瓷
    是江瓷胎I:用试化粘(钻料)绘
    两,然肟腌以透明釉.6:J3(Hrc A温卜.-次烙成的釉F彩瓷。W
    籼 K钴料4:商泓烧成后¥现蓝
    色 ,故 习 惯 称 “青花”。记萌
    牙丁比宋,成熟n . 极盛屮叫 消。對花瓷上嬰由景德镇窑烧
    制,竹民竞烧,各具特色,其他
    Blue and White Porcelain
    The blue and white porcelain is un* deiglaze color porcelain made by drawing painting on (he matrix with oxide coball, then applying Irans- parent glaze and baking in tempera-ture of 130() C kiln. Because the underglaze cobalt became blue color
    rtflZ :南H 械丰和浙江江山
    等亦焓制。数请,质姑与影
    响,均疋汰与钕德消沦?HE相
    比。 花瓷问世后,由 F色彩协
    调,瑚庄雅致,胎釉细致,纹饰
    It丽的艺术效果.加k纹饰在釉 F , 不易磨损易于保持,而深受
    人们的軎爱而畅销海内外。
    under high tempcralurc, so il called “ Blue and while*.
    ■ 靑 釉泛
    我 国 A代琺主要的瓷器姑
    种。住 坯 胎 I:施以含铁成分的
    釉,在还原气氛中烧成。由于铁
    的呈色作用,而呈现出青色,如
    还原气氛筚擷的不好,色调则
    黄W色。商尚原始瓷即尿?始古
    瓷。陪以前,音 瓷 R要什.南方地
    区瓷窑烧制。府代山r?白瓷在北 方地区烧成,形成康代“南捋北
    「广制瓷的新格尻。唐宋以来,烧
    制存瓷的瓷帘逐渐遍布人江南
    北,产品形式多样,各M?特色?
    江 成 熟 化 &出 现 以 前 .以
    娃我国瓷业的I:欢品种a
    Small
    Tb2u2>
    Celadon Porcelain
    Celadon is made by applying glaze mixed with iron on roughcast then baking in reduction sihialion.
    ■ 黑 秈瓷
    今釉中铁的含量离达《% ~
    10%左右.经髙温烧成,呈现fll T 堪色的瓷器就叫黑釉瓷《黑釉
    始干东汉,密代较为盛行.宋代
    Black Glazed Porcelain
    When the iron conlenl in glaze reach 8 -1 0 % , after baking in high icmpcraturc. the porcelain become hlackish brown color, it is called
    込到成略。像W 代ft?山?II生产的 black glaze porcelain.
    黑釉化瓷,宋代吉州窑和建帘生
    产的黑釉說等,深受人们冉爱和
    赞赏。


    ■ L I 釉瓷
    我raw统 瓷 器 的 ?仲 。瓷器 的颜色主要坫袖屮色削來决定
    的 ,釉中呈色剂锒甫要的坫铁的
    氣化物,釉中含铁ft越多,釉色 越 汉 , 穴a s 越 少 .领 色 就 越 找。1 釉中铁的含量少到一定你
    堆 以 F时,釉的颜色会平.浅白
    色,称白瓷u A瓷的产生为以后 彩瓷的产生和发肢ft定 f 基础B r:i泛敁早发现r 湖南押长沙尔汉 某中。河南安阳北齐武平六年
    (575)范粹咲W出 1?.一枇比前进步
    的 t l瓷 ,f 口.它还不坫典型的白 瓷。 正进义上的fl瓷到隋代才 形成。密代邢论.宋代定窑郞足
    烧制白讫的荞名瓷帘。元枢府窑
    卵白袖的烧成,力明永乐甜门釉
    成为1’1&止 I?.敁髙成就莬定了物
    质和技木基础0
    While Glazed Porcelain
    I lie porcelain color is m ainly de-cided by color dose in glaze,when iron ainlcnt in glaze l)ek?w a certain standard, the glaze color Income pale w hile, it is culled white portxlaiii.
    ■ 臼 地 黑 花 讫
    介称“白秈釉下咒
    彩”.是宋疋磁州帘生
    产 的 衫赛品种。K?工
    E过 锃 足 在 坯 胎 I?.涂
  • JK洁白细膩的化妆
    土,再 用 笔 餘 细 光
    料细画纹饰,然后施
    Black-and-white Color Porcelain
    A pplying while and fine decuralion soil on roughcast ihen painting in de la il hy brush w ith black co lo r m ateriah covering w ith thin and transparent glaze, after baking it be-com e b la c k – iin d – w h ile c o lo r
    96
    -误薄Ifu透明的釉人帟烧成。记 将巾凶纹画么水与制泛r 艺相坫 合,创造出-种富符宅情墨趣的
    么木幽卷。使黑白m色形成强烈 对比,几冇浓邡的乡上气息。
    porcelain.
    ■刻花
    陶瓷装饰技法之一。系用
    竹、骨.铁制的习状丁.M,江已
    r或 半 r?的坯胎上刻出拖纹。纹 饰饤凹存凸,雕刻较深,化纹打
    民次。宋代盛行,如定窑、耀州
    窗、磁 州 夼 和 等 均 较 i5 遍 .各 H 特色。刻花一般常与划
    花结介运用,故常称“刻划花”。
    Carved Design
    Carving flow er design on dried or half dried roughcast by knife shaped tool o f bamboo, bone, and iron.
    ■划花
    陶瓷装饰法之一。川竹、
    母、铁制的针状工具在尚未干遗
    的坯胎上划出花纹。纹饰呈阴义
    线条状,新石器吋代陶器上Ll颇 为常见。宋代瓷器k 盛行花卉、 熬岛、人物、龙风各种划花图
    案。线条流杨,技法娴熟。
    Incised Design
    Incised floral design on half dried roughcasl by needle shaped tool made from hurnhuu, bone, or iron.
    Impressed Decoration
    Impressed decoration is made by shim ping llic m ould on half dried roughcast to form ihe design.
    ■印花
    97
    陶瓷装饰技法之一,川刻軒
    装饰花纹的模f?或印戳,在坯胎 尚木干时印出纹饰,故名,春秋
    战国时印纹?陶已广泛采用。此
    后,成为我W陶瓷器的传统装饰
    技法 之 ,宋代定窑印花瓷最具
    代表性。
    ■贴花
    陶瓷装饰技汰之
    、 采用模印或捏哦等
    方法,以胎泥制作成各
    种纹样,然后貼f 坏胎 L ,称作“贴花”,唐代
    长沙窑的胬釉祕川贴/t 誰和河南巩甚卷的唐三
    彩贴伦装饰均闻名一时。宋元时
    龙來窑流行餺胎贴花与池:釉贴
    花,均各具特色。
    Applied Floral Decoration
    Applied floral decoralion is made by sticking the varied design, formed by mould and sculpture with mud m a trix , on the roughcast.
    ■剔花
    陶瓷装饰技法之一。仃留花
    剔地和留地剔伦两种。前2?是在
    晒 花 細 錳 触 ,将花统以外
    的部分剔除,使花纹凸起,具旮
    浅浮雕的效果。以朱代磁州沱系
    制品为代表,衍萏娃在沲釉的坯
    胎上剔出潘胎的纹饰》如占州密
    和磁州窑系的剔花制品,
    Carved Design
    It is one of Hie porcelain and poltery
    decoration techniques,there arc two types, one is carved design remain-ing the flower, another is carved design remaining the background.
    ■点彩 Spot Coloring
    义称* 規斑”,陶免装饰技汰 It is also called brown spot, one of i ? o 在施了 釉的器物上,用努 the techniques on porcelain and pot-
    ?种色料加点斑坎后,人常烧 tery decorulion.
    成 ,从rfri形成色调上的明W对 比。点彩的烧制成功,结束了伴
    袖单一色彩的局iftf,使器物更加 铯丽关观,点彩始十西晋,盛于
    东晋。宋代北方瓷帟和兀代设德
    桃窑?ffl& 和龙泉帘存泛,均酋? 遍采川点彩。
    ■缠枝花纹
    瓷器的一种装
    饰 纹 样 。枝茎缝
    绕,W述绍的波状
    线 ,枝 茎 I?.介以花
    叶o 如塘枝莲、缠 枝牡H等。娃我国瓷器传统装饰
    纹 忭 之 明 沽 尤 A盛行。
    interlocking lower attern
    A decoration pat-tern on porcelain wares, branches and steins interlocked und forming continue wave lines.
    ■ 折 枝 仡卉纹
    瓷器的?种装饰纹样。在瓷
    器的显著部位给両一枝折下的化
    卉,如折枝鈞、折枝莲等。宋以
    后统行,元 胃 i 赚德器上莆
    见0
    Floral Spray Pattern
    A I loral spray is p a in te d on the prominent section on porcelain ware.
    ■篦纹
    瓷器上的一种装饰纹忭。衍
    用鲍状工具刻、tedi篦状纹,故 称絶纹。商周陶器I?.多见。瓷器
    L多见此种纹饰则在宋元时期的
    沱泉窑存瓷和SI漶锒窑古广1
    器物卜.。沒&上苻时又与划纹站
    合,形成篦划纹。
    Comb Pattern
    Using comb shaped tool to carve or stamp comb pattern.
    ————— 元瓷拍卖价格——— ——
    Auction Price for Porcelains of the Yuan Dv■ nastv<
    1.元磁州窑绿釉刻鱼纹悔肽
    Green Glaze Plum Vase with Carving Fish Design, Cizhou Kiln 商24cm 中国嘉德2002-0542 Height 24cm, Jiade,China,2002-05-12
    佔价:RMB 6,000-9,00()
    Estimated price: RMB 6,000-9,000
    成交价:RMB 6,600
    Dealt price: RMB 6,600
    2 .元龙4ii窑拖卉瓶 f古价:RMB 30.000-50.000 Moral Vase, Longquan Kiln Estimated price: ,2;26.5cm 中贸圣佳 2002-124)7 Height 26.5cm, 成交价:RMB 33.000 Shengjia, China Trade,2002-12-07 Dealt price: RMB 33,00()
    3 .元黑釉弦纹葫rr瓶 沽价:RMB 1,500-2,500 Black (ilazed and Estimated price: Doublc-gourd-shaped Vase RMB 1,500-2,5(X) with Bow String Pattern 商18cm 中国苽徳2002-11-17 成交价:RMB 4,400 Height 18cm, Dealt price: RMB 4,4(M) Jiade, China, 2()02-11-17
    4?元青花缠枝花卉罐 估价:RMB l,500J)0(K2,2(M),(MK)
    KM)
    Blue-and-whitc Floral Jar with Design of Interlocking Branch 高28cm 北京翰海2002-12-09 Height 28 cm, Hanhai,Beijing,2002-12-09
    Estimated price: RMB l ,500,000-2,200,000 成交价:RMB 1,900,000
    Dealt price: RMB 1,900.000
    5.元靑花缠枝牡丹纹荇坏罐
    Blue-and-white Jar with Design of Interlocking Branch, Peony and Animal Ear 卨38.4cm 佳士得 2002-10^27 Height 38.4cm, Jiashide, 2(X)240^27
    估价:HKD 3,500,000-4,500,000
    Estimated price:
    HKD 3,500,000-4,500,000
    成交价:HKD 6,124,1 (M)
    Dealt price: HKD 6,124,100
    6.元青花莲池水禽松竹梅纹碗 估价:RMB 1,000,000-1,500,000
    Blue-and-white Bowl with Estimated price: Design of lotus Pond, Water Bird, RMB 1,000,000-1,500,000 Pine,Bamboo and Plum 髙24.4cm 天津德丰 2002-06-23 成交价:RMB^OO^OOO Height 24.4 cm, Dealt price: RMB 9,5(X),()00 Defeng, Tianjin, 2002-06-23
    7?元昔花人物菱口 a (口微伤)
    Blue-and-white Plate with Design of Figure and Mallow-petal Mouth (slight damaged) 直径17.2cm云鹵艺拍
    估价:RMB 120,000-160?000
    Estimated price: RMB 120,000-160,000
    成交价:RMB 130,000
    101
    Diameter 17.2 cm, Yipai, Yunnan, Dealt price: RMB 130/)00
    8 .元青花缠枝莲纹大盘
    Bluc-and-white Big Elate with Design of Interlocking Branch Lotus 直径38,4cm中贸圣佳2002-124)7 Diameter 38.4cm, Shengjia, China trade, 2002-12-07
    估价:RMB 600,000-800,000
    Estimated price: RMB 600,000-800,000 景德镇窑青白釉饕餮纹双耳三足
    炉 Bluish White Glazed Tripod Burner with Two Hand
    成交价:RMB 660,000
    Dealt price: RMB 660,000
    9 .元靑花缠枝暗花碗 估价:RMB 550,000-750,000
    Blue-and-white Bowl with Estimated price: Design of Interlocking Branch RMB 550,000-750,000 and Veiled Decoration 直径22cm 天維德丰2002-06-23 成交价:RMB 500,000 Diameter 22 cm, Dealt price: RMB 500,000 Defeng,Tianjin,2002-06-23
    10.元 花 花 /f?釗形执壶(无盖,UI伤) 估价:RMB 40,nn0-50?0(KJ Blue-and-white Ewer in the Shape of Estimated price: Pear and with Design of Floral RMB 40,000-50,000 (no cover,mouth damaged) 髙10cm云南艺柏2002-09-08 成交价:RMB 50,000 Height 10cm, Dealt price: RMB 50,000 Yipai, Yunnan, 2002-09-08
    1 l.X 靑花穿仡凤纹执壶 估价:HKD 18(),()()0-220,00()
    102
    Blue-and-whitc Ewer with Estimated price: Design of Floral and Phoenix HKD 180,000-220,0()0 高21cm 苏富比 2002-05-07 成交价:HKD 188,000 Height 21 cm, Dealt price: HKD 188,00() Sufubi, 2002-05-07
    12.元龙泉窑青釉印花龙盘纹
    Celadon Plate with Design of Dragon and Impressed Decoration 直径41cm 隹士得 2001-(W-M Diameter 41 cm, Jiashide, 2001-04-30
    估价:HK$ 40-60(万元)
    Estimated price: HK$ 400,000-600,000
    成交价:HK$98.00(万元)
    Dealt price: HK$ 980,000
    13.元钧窑碗
    Bowl from Jun Kiln 直径19.7cm北京翰海200142-10 Diameter 19.7 cm, Hanhai, Beijing,200142-10
    估价:RMB 2-3(万元)
    Estimated price: RMB 20,000-30,000
    成交价:RMB 6.05(万元)
    Dealt price: RMB 60,500
    14.元钧窑天蓝釉大罐
    Sky Blue Glazed Big Jar, Jun kiln
    佔价:HK$8-W(万元)
    Estimated price: HK$ 80,000-100,000
    成交价:HKS 17.825(万元)
    Dealt price: HKS 178,250
    15.元育白釉刻云龙纹玉壶春瓶 估价:RMB 18-20(//元)
    103
    Bluish W hite Glazed Vase in Pear Shape with Design of Carved Cloud and Dragon 髙29.5cm 蓝天国拍2 0 0 H 2 6 Height 29.5 em , Lantianguopai, 2001-06-26
    Estim ated price: RMB 180,000.2(X) JM)O
    成交价:RM1318(万元)
    Dealt price: RMB 180,000
    16.元龙泉窑靑釉三足水仙盘
    Celadon Narcissus Plate with Three Legs,Longquan Kiln
    估 价 :HK$ 7-9(万元)
    Estim ated price: HK$ 70,000-90,000
    成交价:^$流 拍
    Dealt price: deal failed
    17.元靑花缠枝牡丹纹大玉壶春瓶 估价:HK$ 200-300(万元)
    Blue-and-white Big Vase in Pear Estimated price: Shape with Design of Interlocking HK$ 2,0(X),000-3,000,000 Branch and Peony 商49.5cm 苏富比 2001-10-29 成交价:HK$ 224.475(万元) Height 49.5 cm, Dealt price: HK$ 2,244,750 Sufubi,2001-10-29
    18.元靑花鱼藻莲花纹罐 估价:HK$ 55-70(万元)
    Blue-and-white Jar with Estim ated price: Design of Fish, Weed and Lotus Flower HK$ 550,000-700,000 商28cm 佳士得 2001-10-29 成交价:HK$ 213.5(万元) Height 28 cm, Dealt price: HK$ 2,135,000 Jiashide,200M O-29
    1(M
    19.元白釉印花花卉长方花盆
    White Glazed Rectangular Pot with Design of Stamped Floral 10.5cm x 18.5cm x 12.5cm 惠德 Jiade
    参考价: RMB 40,000
    Reference price: RMB 40,000
    20.元白釉荽花口离足杯
    White Glazed High Stem Cup in Floral Shape Mouth 髙9.5cm 佳士得 1998-03 Height 9.5 cm, Jiashide, 1998-03
    成交价:HKD 69,000
    Dealt price: HKD 69,000
    21.元靑白瓷观茳坐像龛
    Sitting Figure of Avaiokitesvara in Bluish White Porcelain 高 20.6cm 苏富比 199841-02 Height 20,6 cm, Sufubi, 1998-114)2
    参考价:HKD 90,00()
    Reference price: HKD 90,000
    22.元钧釉大罐
    Jun Glazed Big Jar
    成交价:HKD 178,250
    Dealt price: HKD 178,250
    ?27.5cm 苏富比 2001-05-01 Height 27.5 cm, Sufubi, 2001-05-01
    105
    23.元钧窑玫瑰紫贴花三足炉 参考价:RMB 30,000
    Three Leg Burner with Applied Dealt price: RMB 30,000 Design of Purple Rose, Jun Kiln. 高 19cm 中鸿信 2001-12-07 Height 19 cm, Zhonghongxin, 2001-12-07
    24.元龙泉窑青釉花卉瓶
    Celadon Floral Vase, Longquan Kiln 髙26.5cm 中贸圣佳 2002-12-07 Height 26.5 cm, Shengjia, China Trade, 2(X)2-12-07
    成交价:RMB 33,000
    Dealt price: RMB 33,000
    25.元龙泉窑粉育釉双魚洗
    Powder-green Glazed Brush Washer with Design of two Fish Longquan Kiln 直径13.2cm云南艺拍2002^09-08 Diameter 13.2 cm, Yipai,Yunnan, 2002-09-08
    估价:RMB 20,000
    Estimatied price: RMB 20,000
    26.元靑甶釉大瓶一对 成交价:RMB 350,000
    Two Big Vases in Bluish White Glaze Dealt price: RMB 350,000 髙45cm天津徳丰2002-06-23 Height 45 cm, Defeng, Tianjin, 2002-06-23
    106
    27.元龙泉粉育釉塔式瓶一对 估价:RMB10(J,00()
    Two Pagoda Shaped Vases in Estimatied price: RMB 1 ()(),()()() Powder-grccn Glaze, Lnngquan Kiln 髙18.5cm云南艺拍 Height 18.5 cm,Yipai, Yunnan
    28.元吉州窑碣釉瓜棱罐
    Brown Glazed Jar in Melon Edge Shape, Jizhou Kiln ft径 16cm 佳十得 1999-()4-26 Diameter 16 cm, Jiashidc, 1999-04-26
    参考价:HKD 600,000
    Reference price: HKD 60(),(XX)
    29.元黑釉褐斑碗
    Black Glazed Bowl with Brown Spot 直径17cm蓝天国拍2000-12-06 Diameter 17 cm, Lantianguopai, 2000-12-06
    成交价:RMB 3,000
    Dealt price: RMB 3,000
    30.元磁州窑褐釉刻花纹花觚 成交价:HKD 292,000
    Brown Glazed Floral gu with Dealt price: HKD 292,000 Carving Design, Cizhou Kiln 髙 77.5cm 佳士得 2001-04-30 Height 77.5 cm, Jiashide,2001-04-30
    107
    策 划 :左汉桥 丁福丧
    本苍编娄:马希桂 武俊玲
    杨俊艳 左汉桥
    文字撰写:马希桂
    英文翻译:刘 勇
    枏 影 :祁庆国 谷中秀
    梁 刚 杨京京
    特邀编辑:杨浚艳.
    贵任编辑:r fe 康
    整体设计:XOmJH
    贲任印制:赵 is
    ? :挣
    F福庚
    姚 天 新 王 殿 乎
    张金虎
    图书在版编目(CIP)数据
    元代瓷器/ 马希样等编.- 北京:北京美术抵影出版社,2004 (北朿文物鉴赏)
    ISBN 7-80501-288-1
    I.元 … II.乌 … U I.瓷器(考古卜鉴赏一中围
    元 代 -汉 、英 IV. K876.3
    中国版本图书馆CIP数据核字(2004)第080971巧
    北京文物鉴赏
    APPRECIATING BFIflNG CULTURAI RELICS
    元代瓷器
    PORCI 1A1NSOF THE YUAN DYN ASTY
    《北*文物鉴赏》编娄会编
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    2005年l f l 第1版2005年5刃第2次印刷 900 x 1270 1/36 3
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